Kymograph, London, England, 1925-1935

Made:
1925-1935 in London
maker:
C F Palmer (London) Limited
Kymograph, 1925-1935. Detail view, gallery image. Group shot. Kymograph, on mahogany table stand, by C.F. Palmer, London, 1925-1935 (1981-604) Mock-up of Group shot. Kymograph, on mahogany table stand, by C.F. Palmer, London, 1925-1935 (1981-604) Three 2-volt accumulators

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Kymograph, 1925-1935. Detail view, gallery image.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Group shot. Kymograph, on mahogany table stand, by C.F. Palmer, London, 1925-1935 (1981-604) Mock-up of
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Group shot. Kymograph, on mahogany table stand, by C.F. Palmer, London, 1925-1935 (1981-604) Three 2-volt accumulators
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Kymograph, on mahogany table stand, by C.F. Palmer, London, 1925-1935

The kymograph is a classic tool of laboratory research invented by the German physiologist Carl Ludwig (1816-1895) in 1847. It was first used to measure blood pressure during physiological experiments. A cannula connected to a U-shaped tube filled with mercury was inserted into the artery of an animal. On top of the mercury was a float attached to a pen. As the blood pulsated, the pen recorded the movement on smoked paper wrapped around the metal drum. The kymograph, shown here, is adapted to record muscle contractions.

An isolated muscle is placed on coils of wire and connected to an electrical stimulus, controlled by a switch. The muscle is also attached to the kymograph to record when the muscle contracts. When the muscle is stimulated, heat is produced and transferred to the thermocouple (cut away to show the two coils of metal which, when heated, produce an electric current). The thermocouple is attached to a galvanometer to record the electric current produced when the thermocouple is heated.

Details

Category:
Laboratory Medicine
Object Number:
1981-604
Materials:
fittings, iron and frame, mahogany
type:
kymograph
credit:
St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College