Model of a horse-drawn military ambulance, England, 1850-1900

1850-1900 in England
Wooden model of Surgeon General McPherson's horse-drawn

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Wooden model of Surgeon General McPherson's horse-drawn
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Wooden model of Surgeon General McPherson's horse-drawn ambulance, military, probably English(?), 1850-1900

Transporting wounded men away from the battlefield or between different medical units has long proved difficult for the armed forces. Throughout the 1800s a number of vehicles were developed which were designed specifically for transporting the wounded. In this simple horse-drawn ambulance, wounded men would have been placed on stretchers which were then attached to the flat decking. Pulled by two or more horses, the journey would have been uncomfortable, especially over rough terrain – the soldiers may have had to hold on for extra safety.

The ambulance is named after ‘Surgeon-General MacPherson’, who is almost certainly Duncan MacPherson (1812–1867), a military surgeon who served in China and India.


Emergency Medicine
Sir Henry Wellcome's Museum Collection
Object Number:
structure, wood, stained, tyres, iron, axles, iron and fittings, iron
overall: 500 mm x 1140 mm x 430 mm,
model - representation and ambulance
Fitzgerald-Powell, W.I.