Phrenological head and penholder, England, 1829-1850

Made:
1829-1850 in England
maker:
Frederick Bridges
Group shot of (from left to right) A642810 Earthenware phrenological bust, also designed as a penholder, area Group shot of (from back to front) A642810 Earthenware phrenological bust, also designed as a penholder, area Group shot of (from left to right) A642810 Earthenware phrenological bust, also designed as a penholder, area Group shot of (from left to right) A642810 Earthenware phrenological bust, also designed as a penholder, area

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Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Group shot of (from left to right) A642810 Earthenware phrenological bust, also designed as a penholder, area
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Group shot of (from back to front) A642810 Earthenware phrenological bust, also designed as a penholder, area
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Group shot of (from left to right) A642810 Earthenware phrenological bust, also designed as a penholder, area
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Group shot of (from left to right) A642810 Earthenware phrenological bust, also designed as a penholder, area
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Earthenware phrenological bust, also designed as a penholder, with areas marked off in underglaze black, by F. Bridges, England

Designed as a penholder, this phrenological head has the ‘organs’ of the brain marked out in black. Phrenologists believed that different parts, or ‘organs’, of the brain had different qualities. They further believed that an individual’s personality could be ‘read’ from the lumps and bumps in the skull. From this head, the area at the front of the forehead represents intellectual properties. It was made by Frederick Bridges, a phrenologist based in Liverpool, England from 1829 to 1850.