Callipers used in craniology, Greenwich, England, 1850-1900

Made:
1850-1900 in Greenwich
maker:
Hudson & Son
Callipers used in craniology for women by Hudson and Son, Greenwich. Top 3/4 view. Black background Callipers used in craniology for women by Hudson and Son, Greenwich. Top 3/4 view on head model. Black background

Buy this image as a print 

Buy

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

License

Buy this image as a print 

Buy

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

License

Callipers used in craniology for women by Hudson and Son, Greenwich. Top 3/4 view. Black background
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Callipers used in craniology for women by Hudson and Son, Greenwich. Top 3/4 view on head model. Black background
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Calipers used in craniology, boxwood (for women), by Hudson and Son, Greenwich, 1850-1900

These boxwood callipers were used as craniometers. They measured women’s heads during craniological studies. Craniology studied the bones of the skull, grouping people according to categories such as intelligence, race and criminal temperament. It was often the basis for anthropological theories during the 1800s. These explained social behavior and human evolution. The callipers were made by Hudson and Son, of Greenwich in London.

Details

Category:
Psychology, Psychiatry & Anthropometry
Object Number:
1993-1238
Materials:
brass (copper, zinc alloy) and wood
type:
craniometer
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • measuring device - instrument
credit:
National Maritime Museum