Bearer's dressing case, canvas, with contents, English, 1900 to 1914
During a battle, the role of stretcher bearers was to locate and then remove the wounded from the battlefield. They often carried canvas rolls of instruments like this one to provide emergency first aid and apply dressings.
This kit is incomplete, but still contains pins, a large needle, a spatula, artery forceps and a roll of strong thread. Artery forceps are used to compress heavily bleeding arteries.