Von Hippel-type clockwork trephine, London, England, 1901-1930

Made:
1901-1930 in London
maker:
Weiss, John

Buy this image as a print 

Buy

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

License

Buy this image as a print 

Buy

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

License

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Von Hippel's automatic trephine, for use in sclerectomy, in leather case, by John Weiss and Son Ltd., London, early 20th century

Trephines are normally associated with cutting out a piece of bone from a skull. However, this clockwork trephine was developed to remove a circular piece from the cornea of an eye, to be transplanted into a patient who was experiencing a disease of the cornea, most likely cataracts. Made by John Weiss, this trephine was invented by Arthur von Hippel (1841-1916), a German surgeon who experimented using both human and animal subjects to perfect his technique.

This trephine forms the prototype for modern day trephines used in eye surgery and von Hippel is acknowledged as the first surgeon to successfully transplant corneal tissue into a human eye.

Details

Category:
Ophthalmology
Object Number:
A617748
Materials:
black, complete, felt, leather, metal (plated), metal (unknown), red and silk
type:
trephine
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • tools & equipment
  • surgical equipment
  • surgical instrument