mechanical equivalent of heat apparatus

Made:
1876 in Salford
maker:
James Prescott Joule

Joule's original calorimeter ('paddle-wheel apparatus') used in determining the mechanical equivalent of heat. Copper mixing vessel with vane and spindle

The British Scientist James Joule used this apparatus in his now classic paddle-wheel experiment. Falling weights turned the paddles to churn water; the churning raised the water's temperature slightly, and Joule found that the temperature rise was in direct proportion to the amount of work done by the falling weights. Joule's 'mechanical equivalent of heat' was crucial in developing the concept of energy.

Details

Category:
Heat
Object Number:
1876-492
Materials:
copper and copper alloy
type:
calorimeter
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • measuring device - instrument
credit:
Dr. James Prescott Joule.