Transistor, early British Experimental Device from

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Top: 1974-586. Point-contact transistor,type GET 2 c.1953 Centre: 1971-80. Early junction transistor (B.T.H.),
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Transistor, early British Experimental Device from Pye Radio Research Labs, early 1950's

The transistor, invented by William Shockley, Walter Brattain and John Bardeeen, was announced by Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1948, revolutionising the field of electronics. The transistor was the first solid-state device which could act as a switch or an amplifier, replacing the bulky, fragile and unreliable triode valves, first introduced in 1907. Intensive research refined the device, though it was several years before it became commercially available.

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Details

Category:
Electronic Components
Object Number:
1991-166
type:
transistor
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • tools & equipment
  • microprocessor
credit:
Gilbert, R.G.

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