Specimens of submarine telegraph cables viz 1851-6

Made:
1851-1862 in England
maker:
Gutta Percha Company

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Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Specimens of submarine telegraph cables viz 1851-62: Dover to Calais 1851; Dover to Ostend 1853, Spezzia to Corsica 1854; Cromer to Hanover 1858; Cromer to Denmark 1859; Folkestone to Boulogne 1859; Beachy Head to Dieppe 1861, various makers, England, 1851-1862

Specimens of submarine telegraph cables viz 1851-62: Dover to Calais 1851; Dover to Ostend 1853, Spezzia to Corsica 1854; Cromer to Hanover 1858; Cromer to Denmark 1859; Folkestone to Boulogne 1859; Beachy Head to Dieppe 1861.

The core for all seven of these cables was made by the Gutta-Percha Company. The 1851 Dover to Calais cable was laid from HMS Blazer under the direction of Thomas Crampton and Charlton Wollaston, the engineers of the Submarine Telegraph Company. In three weeks 24 miles of cable had been manufactured, which should have been sufficient for the 21 mile distance between Dover and Calais but, due to how it was laid, an additional mile of cable had to be made and added to the rest. The 1853 Dover to Ostend (Belgium) cable was manufactured by R S Newall and Company. It took 100 days and, before being loaded on to a cable ship, lay in Newall's yard in a coil that was 4 feet 8 inches high, and 51 feet around the outside. The 1854 La Spézia to Corsica cable was 75 miles long and was part of a larger project to connect France, Corsica, Sardinia and Algeria. The Cromer to Hanover cable was laid by the Belgian arm of the Submarine Telegraph Cable Company, as was the Cromer to Denmark cable of 1859.

Details

Category:
Telecommunications
Object Number:
1862-148
Materials:
copper (alloy), gutta-percha, iron and steel (metal)
type:
telegraph cable
credit:
From John Watkins Brett