Molecular model of penicillin by Dorothy M Crowfoot Hodgkin, England, 1945

Made:
1945 in England
maker:
Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin
Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Graduated grey background. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.

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Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter. Graduated grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Molecular model of Penicillin by Dorothy Hodgkin, c.1945. Front three quarter.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London.

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London.

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London.

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London.

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London.

Penicillin; molecular model by Dorothy Hodgkin, ca. 1945.

Penicillin was successful as an antibiotic and treatment for infection well before scientists knew its chemical nature. Chemist and crystallographer Dorothy M Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910-1994) used large punch-card operated tabulators, predecessor to the computer, to help analyse the patterns cast by reflected X-rays. This technique is known as X-ray crystallography.

Hodgkin later won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1964 “for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances”.

Details

Category:
Biotechnology
Object Number:
1996-686
Materials:
paint, paper (fibre product), pine (wood), plastic (unidentified), steel (metal) and wood (unidentified)
type:
penicillin and molecular model
taxonomy:
  • visual and verbal communication
  • model - representation
credit:
Luke Hodgkin