Gateshead & Darlington Collection
Photographs, a collection of approximately 1,265 silver gelatin glass negatives, 5 x 4 ins to 15 x 12 ins and 16 5 x 4 ins triacetate safety film negatives featuring locomotive construction at the Gateshead and Darlington Works of the North Eastern Railway and its successors, the London & North Eastern Railway and British Railways, together with some images of carriage construction in York, c1885-1960. Complete with handwritten register. The work of official photographers based at Gateshead and Darlington Works. DAR 1-1464, DAR 2001-2018.
Darlington Locomotive Works was completed in 1863 for the Stockton & Darlington Railway
but was taken over by the North Eastern Railway within a few months. It turned out its first
locomotive, the long boilered 0-6-0 'Contractor', in 1864 and although production of larger
classes was initially concentrated at Gateshead, subsequently built engines for the LNER and
then British Railways, including the B17, D49, A1, V2 classes. The LNER's experimental water
tube boilered locomotive No 10000 was also built at Darlington, as well as the NER's first
electric engine and steam railcars. During the First World War construction of new
locomotives was greatly reduced, and the works concentrated on repair work and the
manufacture of munitions, employing over 1,000 women on the site. In 1923 the LNER
opened a wagon works at the nearby Faverdale site. In 1933 the first diesel locomotives were
maintained at North Roads works and following the Second World War Darlington began
construction of diesel electric shunters. The introduction of diesel locomotives by British
Railways, however, led to a great reduction in new orders and repair work and Darlington
Works was closed in 1966, some eighteen months after turning out its last locomotive, the
Type 2 diesel D7597.
This collection represents the work of official company photographers, and includes views of
the locomotive workshops at Darlington, Gateshead and York Carriage Works and of newly
completed locomotives and carriages.