Arkwright's Water Frame, 1775

1775 in England
Richard Arkwright
Richard Arkwright

Buy this image as a print 


License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library


Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Improved spinning machine (water frame), by Sir Richard Arkwright, England, 1775.

These spinning machines were driven by waterpower at Arkwright's Cromford mill, hence the name of Water Frame. This is an improvement on 1860-4, having an arrangement for guiding the yarn evenly over the bobbins. A belt from an external main driving pulley drives eight spindles. Textile machinery such as this item revolutionised manufacturing processes in the cotton industry and elsewhere during the early Industrial Revolution.