Model of a Jacquard loom

Made:
1867 in United Kingdom
maker:
Unknown
Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867.  Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background. Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867.  Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background. Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867.  Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background. Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867.  Front 3/4 detail view of top part of object against light grey background. Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867.  Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background. Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867.  Front 3/4 detail view of object against light grey background. Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867.  Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background. Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867.  Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background. Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867.  Front 3/4 detail view of object against light grey background.

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Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867. Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867. Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867. Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867. Front 3/4 detail view of top part of object against light grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867. Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867. Front 3/4 detail view of object against light grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867. Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867. Front 3/4 view of whole object against light grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), 1867. Front 3/4 detail view of object against light grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Model of a Jacquard loom (Scale 1:2), unknown maker, 1867.

Jacquard made a commercial success of this loom accessory in 1804, which was based on inventions by Falcon, Vaucanson and Jacquard himself. Very complex designs can be woven using this sytem including an actual portrait of Jacquard himself. The contribution to the system design attributed to Jacquard is the automatic presentation of the card to the 'card reader'; the principle of the use of holes in a card to control the warps to be raised, being established many years earlier. It could be considered that the Jacquard Card is the earliest example of 'computer software' and uses a form of digital information transference. The punch card principle was later used comptometers and for machine tool control.

Details

Category:
Textiles Machinery
Object Number:
1867-47
Materials:
brass (copper, zinc alloy), cardboard, cotton (fibre), ivory, mahogany (wood), wood (unidentified) and wrought iron
Measurements:
weight (estimated): 10kg
type:
model
credit:
Royal Society of Arts