Brass model of power loom (scale 1:4)

1870-1880 in England
Bennet Woodcroft

Brass model of power loom (scale 1:4) with improved tappet plates, patentee Bennet Woodcroft, England, 1870-1880.

This model of a power loom bears many similarities to the loom of 1838 displayed earlier in the models sequence. However, a steady stream of improvements produced looms of far greater versatility and performance. By the time this model was made, mechanised weaving had replaced hand looms in all the major branches of the textile industry, even for higher quality fabrics. The model was made to a scale of about 1:4. The brass frame gives it a distinctive appearance, but the full-size machine would have used an iron frame.

The improvement in this Jacquard type machine consists in its being constructed so as to depress some warp threads as much as it elevates others; whereas in the Jacquard machine none of the warp threads were depressed.

On display

Science Museum: Making the Modern World Gallery

If you are visiting to see this object, please contact us in advance to make sure that it will be on display.


Textiles Machinery
Object Number:
brass and wood
power loom
Bennet Woodcroft Bequest

Cite this page


We encourage the use and reuse of our collection data.

Data in the title, made, maker and details fields are released under Creative Commons Zero

Descriptions and all other text content are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence

Using our data


Download catalogue entry as json

View manifest in IIIF viewer

Add to Animal Crossing Art Generator

Download manifest IIIF

Our records are constantly being enhanced and improved, but please note that we cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information shown on this website.