Motor fire engine with Hatfield pump made by Merryweather and Sons

Made:
1904 in London and England
manufacturer:
Merryweather and Sons Limited
Motor fire engine with Hatfield pump made by Merryweather and Sons (fire engines) Motor fire engine with Hatfield pump made by Merryweather and Sons (fire engines)

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Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Unknown. Enquiries to Science Museum, London

Motor fire engine with Hatfield pump made by Merryweather and Sons, 1904, for Finchley U.D.C., with 1 length of suction hose and 1 length of delivery hose (Fitted with magneto Inv. 1919-454)

This is an internationally significant fire engine. It was the first self-propelled petrol motor fire engine used by a public fire brigade. Constructed in 1904, it was built for the Finchley Fire Brigade by Merryweather & Sons Ltd. Attempts had been made towards the end of the 19th century to improve the transport of fire engines, and several steam propelled machines were constructed with some success. However, the rapidity with which petrol-powered engines could obtain full power, over steam power, meant they were well suited to responding to fires and fire engines like this began to be constructed.

This particular engine is fitted with a Hatfield petrol pump, which was the first fire pump that was powered by a petrol engine and was capable of delivering 250 gallons per minute. In addition to the pump the appliance is equipped with a soda acid machine, hand extinguishers, a suction and delivery hose and a telescopic fire ladder. The original engine was replaced in 1912 with an Aster 4-cylinder engine, to increase hill climbing capabilities.

Details

Category:
Firefighting
Object Number:
1930-256
Materials:
metal (unknown), rubber (unidentified) and wood (unidentified)
Measurements:
overall: 2100 mm x 2050 mm x 4800 mm,
type:
fire engines
credit:
Lewis and Lewis Ltd.