Machine for reproducing sculpture

Made:
1826 in England
inventor:
Benjamin Cheverton
Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools. NB: bust originally with many chipped areas. Image Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools. NB: bust originally with many chipped areas. Image Alabaster workpiece Alabaster workpiece Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in Spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in fitment tray Spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in fitment tray Spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in fitment tray Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in

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Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools. NB: bust originally with many chipped areas. Image
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Large plaster bust of Diomedes. SCM - Hand and Machine Tools. NB: bust originally with many chipped areas. Image
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Alabaster workpiece
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Alabaster workpiece
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in fitment tray
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in fitment tray
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in fitment tray
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Cutters, feeler probes for tracing on master sculpture and spanners for machine assembly and adjustment, mounted in
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Machine for reproducing sculpture, by Benjamin Cheverton, 1826

This machine, designed and used by Benjamin Cheverton, is of very considerable interest in the history of the mechanical reproduction of sculpture, which subject attracted the interest of a range of notable mechanicians during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries - including James Watt, whose workshop is dominated by the pair of sculpture-copying machines which he constructed. This machine, which owes much to Isaac Hawkins who worked with Cheverton, surpasses Watt's machines, being more able to readily produce pieces 'in the round' and to under-cut, allowing it to manufacture pieces in the round, rather than copying medallions and other relatively two-dimensional pieces. This was due in large part to its novel design, placing both follower and cutter on a rigid yet flexible pivoting pantograph, and with an ingenious flexible drive to ensure that motion was always conveyed to the rotary cutter no matter its position. The machine would most likely have been treadle-operated in a similar way to contemporary lathes, and the rotation of both original and copy by exactly similar amounts was ensured by both being placed on two index-plates engaging with a single central pinion to ensure rotation was in the same direction.

Details

Category:
Hand and Machine Tools
Object Number:
1924-292
Materials:
cast iron, oak (wood), plaster and wrought iron
type:
machine
credit:
Shrewsbury, J.B.