Engraving. The Physician. Engraved by J. Falkema 176- after C. Netscher, 1659. [examining a urine flask]
A physician is studying the urine of patient in a technique called uroscopy. The urine was studied by looking at its colour, thickness, and even taste. The appearance of bodily fluids gave clues about the patient’s balance of humours and could give the physician ideas on how to treat them.
The engraving was taken from a Dutch painting by either Hendrik Heerschop (1620/1621-1672) or Caspar Netscher (1639-1684). The engraver was Jacob Folkema (1692-1767), a Dutch artist working in Berlin, Germany in 1763.