Skinner's Improved mask for open chloroform anaesthesia, with flannel cover, by Maw, English, 1862-1901
Thomas Skinner (1825-1906), a gynaecologist working in Liverpool, later specialised in anaesthetics and introduced this flannel covered wire mask in 1862. It was a new and easy way of giving pain relief. It could be used for either chloroform or ether, which would have been in liquid form and dropped on to the mask for the patient to inhale. The mask needed an extra nose clip to ensure that the patient inhaled the entire dosage of pain killer. Skinner’s mask was popular into the 1900s and was easily portable.