Two different gratings used in pioneering work on the infra-red spectrum, 1920-1940

Made:
c.1930
Rock salt prism & Two diffraction gratings used by Sutherland and Sheppard in infra red work

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Rock salt prism & Two diffraction gratings used by Sutherland and Sheppard in infra red work
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Two diffraction gratings used by Sutherland and Sheppard in infra red work

These infra-red diffraction gratings were used by Sir Gordon Sutherland and Norman Sheppard at Cambridge during the Second World War in the analysis of hydrocarbons present in enemy fuels using infra-red spectroscopy. One such use was to determine to what extent Germany was converting coal into oil. They had been purchased in the 1930s from Michigan University, which was the world’s leading laboratory for such work. Acquisition by the Science Museum of these gratings and an associated rock salt prism provides the opportunity for strong stories on the use of novel scientific techniques in warfare, and of the use of science by the state.

Details

Category:
Experimental Chemistry
Object Number:
2004-35
type:
diffraction grating - reflection
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • tools & equipment
  • optical instrument
  • optical instrument component
  • diffraction grating
credit:
Professor Norman Sheppard and Dr William Jeremy Jones