William Rutherford's freezing microtome


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Freezing microtome invented by Prof. Rutherford
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Freezing microtome invented by Professor William Rutherford, c.1873, made by J. Gardner, 1873-1876.

William Rutherford (1839-1899) was a Professor of Physiology. He worked at Kings College London and the University of Edinburgh and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1876. His design of this type of freezing microtome was an adaptation of a microtome invented by A. B. Stirling. Rutherford described his device in 'The Lancet' in 1873 in a paper entitled 'A New Freezing Microtome' which was published in volume 102 on 26th July 1873. It was a very successful design that was taken on quickly by many other scientists.J. Gardner made this example of Rutherford's design in Edinburgh and exhibited it at the Science Museum in 1876.


Object Number:
Gardner, J.

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