Box for von Pirquet's tuberculin test, London, England, 1910-1914

Made:
1910-1914 in London
maker:
Burroughs Wellcome and Company Limited

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Box of ampoules, for Calmettes's tuberculintests by Burroughs Wellcome and Co., London, 1910-1914. Black background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Box of ampoules, for Calmettes's tuberculintests by Burroughs Wellcome and Co., London, 1910-1914. Graduated black
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Dummy box of ampoules with instructions, for von Pirquet's tuberculin tests by Burroughs Wellcome and Co., London, 1910-1914

Clemens von Pirquet (1874-1929), an Austrian paediatrician, devised this test in 1907 to see whether a person has been exposed to the bacteria causing tuberculosis. Two drops of liquid tuberculin were placed on the skin of the forearm approximately 100 mm apart, scratched and covered with cotton wool. If a red hard raised area appeared on the skin within 24 hours of the test, it showed they had the disease, were naturally immune or had acquired immunity in some way.

The introduction of this test was a landmark in the diagnosis and prevention of tuberculosis. It is shown here with Calmette's tuberculin test (1981-1681/2).

Details

Category:
Public Health & Hygiene
Object Number:
1981-1681/1
Materials:
cardboard, glass, metal (unknown) and paper (fibre product)
type:
tuberculin test
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • container - receptacle
  • vessel
credit:
On loan from the Wellcome Trust

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