'Szondi-Test', psychological test, Switzerland, 1947

Made:
1947 in Switzerland

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Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Szondi-Test, Experimentelle triebdiagnostik, Testband. Box set containing cards with photographic portraits, includes instructions. From effects of psychiatrist Ann Dally.

The ‘Szondi-Test’ is a psychological test. It was developed by Hungarian geneticist and psychoanalyst Leopold Szondi (1893-1986). The test identifies psychological traits within patients, such as depression or mania. This example was used by controversial psychiatrist and medical author Dr Ann Dally (1929-2007) within her private practice. The test consists of 48 headshots that show distinct facial expressions. The patient is shown a row of eight images and instinctively chooses the two friendliest people. They then choose the two unfriendliest from the remaining six images, then the two most unpleasant faces from the remaining four. The psychologist notes the number on the reverse of each picture and analyses the result.

The test is based on a theory called genotropism. This argues similar people attract each other as ‘like attracts like’. The patient highlights certain character traits that apply to them by selecting images they subconsciously identify with themselves.

Details

Category:
Psychology, Psychiatry & Anthropometry
Object Number:
2006-121
Materials:
cardboard and paper
type:
psychological test
credit:
Wellcome Trust