Kinora viewer

c. 1908 in London
Kinora Limited
Bond's Limited

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Kinora Viewer
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Kinora viewer for reels. Wooden base with inlaid line decoration and turned support strut. Rectangular viewing lens. One element missing but has since been replaced. This Kinora Viewer was made in Britain around 1908 and was marketed by Bond's Ltd., 138 New Bond Street, London. This is a simple folding wooden model (No. 1 combination hand or table instrument with two lenses for a single viewer). Fitted with flipbook of balloon flight, stamped no 585.

Invented by the Lumiere Company in France in 1897, the Kinora only came into widespread use when they were reintroduced in the early 20th century. These home viewers came in a variety of styles but were all based on the flip book principle: by turning a handle the reel revolved causing the pictures to flip over against a static peg; the moving pictures were viewed through an eyepiece. Kinora reels were derived from a variety of cinema films, though a camera was available for making home movies.


Object Number:
cardboard, glass, metal (unknown) and wood (unidentified)
overall (flat): 105 mm x 200 mm x 320 mm,
kinora viewer
  • tools and equipment
  • equipment by process
  • image viewing equipment
  • photographic viewing equipment
The Kodak Collection at the National Media Museum, Bradford

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