Reynaud's Praxinoscope Theatre

Made:
1879 (1956) in Paris
maker:
Charles-Emile Reynaud
Praxinoscope Theatre Praxinoscope Theatre

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Praxinoscope Theatre
The Kodak Collection at the National Media Museum, Bradford
Science Museum Group Collection

Praxinoscope Theatre
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Reynaud's Praxinoscope Theatre, c.1879. Emile Reynauld, Paris. Box opening and errecting to carry mirror drum with twelve facets; black background picture bands fit around circumference. Image viewed through hole in upright lid, seen through glass plate in which is reflected interchangeable background and foreground scene; the galss set in theatre style proscenium. Instructions pasted on lower proscenium panel. Candle holder and shade missing. With four bands; girl blowing bubbles (fitted in drum); leapfrog; girl skipping; boy foot-juggling. Background/foreground cards; circus; country house; background only; snow scene. Three advertising cards for - Praxinoscope, Projection Praxinoscope, Praxinoscope Theatre. Reproduction candle shade, made by Science Museum from original in BFI, in 1956.

Reynaud’s 1877 Praxinoscope was similar to a zoetrope, with mirrors in place of viewing slits. As the wheel turned, the reflections of the pictures appeared stationary. This Praxinoscope theatre was a development of Reynaud’s earlier Praxinoscope. This version had a glass viewing screen which reflected one of a range of printed scenes placed below the viewing aperture on the inside of the lid. Looking through this aperture, the viewer sees the moving figure reflected on the mirror drum which appears to be superimposed on the printed scene.

Details

Category:
Cinematography
Collection:
Kodak Collection
Object Number:
1990-5036/7202
Materials:
glass, leatherette, mahogany (wood), metal (unknown), mirror-glass (silvered), paper (fibre product) and wood (unidentified)
Measurements:
case (closed): 125 mm x 252 mm x 266 mm,
mirror drum: 82 mm, 225 mm,
spindle: 130 mm 26 mm,
theatre board: 232 mm x 232 mm
type:
praxinoscope
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • toy - recreational artefact
  • optical toy
credit:
The Kodak Collection at the National Media Museum, Bradford