Smoothing plane

Made:
1790-1819
Hand plane. Detail view of blade against grey background. Hand plane. Front 3/4 view of whole object against grey background. Hand plane. Front 3/4 view of whole object against grey background. Hand plane. Front 3/4 view of whole object against grey background.

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License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

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Hand plane. Detail view of blade against grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Hand plane. Front 3/4 view of whole object against grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Hand plane. Front 3/4 view of whole object against grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Hand plane. Front 3/4 view of whole object against grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

1 Smoothing plane

This item is part of the contents of the workshop that Scottish engineer James Watt developed at his home, Heathfield, at Handsworth, Birmingham, from c.1795 through to his death in 1819. Although Watt is best known for his work on the steam engine, his workshop contains a wide variety of objects from many different projects, from chemistry to sculpture-copying.

The description of the item was written by Edward Collins, the land agent responsible for Heathfield when the workshop was given to the Science Museum in 1924. Collins could not always identify what he was looking at, but always described what he saw clearly. This has allowed his descriptions to form the basis of subsequent research.

This is a beech wood smoothing plane, stamped on the forefoot B. Froggatt, with single iron stamped P.LAW [crown]. This tool has been little used, but roughly treated. On the underside of the wedge a sum has been written down in pencil: 3 [shillings] 6 [pence] added to 1 : 9, total 5 : 3. This would probably have been written by the retailer.

Details

Category:
James Watt's Garret Workshop
Object Number:
1924-792/289
type:
plane
credit:
Major J.M. Gibson-Watt