Egyptian mummy, 343-69 BCE

343-69 BCE in Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egyptian people

Egyptian mummy of the Ptolemaic period, Fayoum region (Al-Fayyum, Upper Egypt) Egypt, 343-69 BCE (see note), purchased in 1932

Mummification was a complicated burial process common in ancient Egypt. First the internal organs were removed, apart from the heart, which was considered to be the seat of the mind and the emotions. The lungs, liver, intestines and stomach were placed in separate canopic jars, to be buried with the body. The body was then dried with natron for forty days. Once dried, the fingers, toes, arms and legs were wrapped individually. The whole body was then wrapped in cloth with amulets and items to help the person see, hear, speak, taste and eat in the afterlife. The sarcophagus of this mummy features a prayer to Osiris, god of the dead, written in hieroglyphics.


Classical & Medieval Medicine
Object Number:
bone, flesh, paint, plaster, textile, wood
Wellcome Trust

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