Arkwright's Water Frame

Made:
1775 in Cromford
maker:
Richard Arkwright
Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath. Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath. Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath. Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath. Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath. Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath. Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath. Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath. Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath. Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.

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Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Spinning water frame, made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Water frame, water powered spinning machine made by Richard Arkwright, Cromford, c.1775, and used at the Arkwright Mills at Matlock Bath.

This is a four spindled example of Richard Arkwright's water frame, possibly the earliest surviving production example of the machine that triggered a transformation in cotton spinning. The water frame made the mass production of cotton yarn possible for the first time. Driven by a water wheel, its moving rollers thinned out the cotton, then its rotating spindles twisted it into yarn.

Details

Category:
Textile Industry
Object Number:
Y2000.48
Materials:
cotton (fibre) and wood (unidentified)
type:
water frame
taxonomy:
  • control and communications
  • fixed signal
  • subsidiary signal
  • shunting signal