horological rubber

1850-1900 in Sheffield
horological crossing-out file, by unknown maker, 1850-1900

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horological crossing-out file, by unknown maker, 1850-1900
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Horological rubber made in Sheffield, England, 1850-1900. Inscribed ‘Spencer Sheffield’.

Horological rubbers are used to shape the curved interior of a watch case. This tool has been made from a horological file that is inscribed ‘Spencer Sheffield’.

This tool was collected from the workshop of Richard Oliver (1904-89), a watch-case maker based in Clerkenwell, London. Richard was the fourth generation of his family to be apprenticed as a watch-case maker when he joined the family business at 31 Wynyatt Street, Clerkenwell, in 1920. In 1941 the business moved to a larger workshop at 25 Spencer Street, Clerkenwell, and Richard took over from his father in 1949. In 1971 the workshop in Clerkenwell was closed and the contents partly sold to Liverpool City Museum and the remainder moved to Richard’s home in Woodford Green where he continued to work. From 1971 onwards the Oliver family gathered together a unique collection of tools and equipment including the contents of the case-making workshops of J. Walton and F. Thoms, previous occupiers of Spencer Street.


Hand and Machine Tools
Object Number:
steel (metal)
overall: 25 mm x 125 mm
horological watch-case maker's rubber