Hand matrix Counter Machine

Made:
1925
maker:
Lanston Monotype Corporation
Hand matrix Counter Machine Hand matrix Counter Machine

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Hand matrix Counter Machine
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Hand matrix Counter Machine
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Matrix hand side-hole countersinking machine, Plant No.986, made by the Lanston Monotype Corporation, Salford, Redhill, Surrey, 1925. Used for the production system for 0.2 x 0.2-inch Monotype matrices, equipped for automatic handling of matrices from input to output galleys. Mounted on bench, with machines Nos. 990, 2080 and 1888. Bench has electrical and compressed air services incorporated.

There are 82 separate processes needed to transform a designer’s drawing (of a letter, figure, punctuation, or symbol) into a piece of Monotype metal type for printing. A pantograph is used to trace and cut the letter from a copper pattern into a piece of steel called a punch. After being hardened, the punch is driven into a piece of bronze using a crank press to produce a matrix. The finished matrix is ready to go to the Monotype Composition Caster where molten metal is pumped through a mould against the matrix to produce a piece of type.

This machine is one of many machines used in the process to make a 0.2 inch or 0.4 inch matrix.

The Type Archive has a functioning Monotype matrix workshop containing around 70 machines and pieces of equipment. It is the only one of its kind in the world and matrices are still produced for customers.

Details

Category:
Printing & Writing
Object Number:
1995-1591
Materials:
aluminium alloy, bakelite, brass (copper, zinc alloy), copper (metal), glass, plastic (unidentified) and steel (metal)
Measurements:
overall (bench): 890 mm x 3180 mm x 760 mm,
type:
machines
taxonomy:
  • tools and equipment
  • equipment