0.2" End Facing Machine

Made:
1955
maker:
The Monotype Corporation Limited
0.2" End Facing Machine 0.2" End Facing Machine

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0.2" End Facing Machine
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

0.2" End Facing Machine
Science Museum Group
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Matrix two-end milling machine, Plant No.2077, made by The Monotype Corporation Ltd., Salford, Redhill, Surrey, 1955. Equipped for automatic feed from input to output galleys, part of the production system for 0.2 x 0.2-inch Monotype matrices, for the end-facing of matrix blanks. Mounted on bench.

There are 82 separate processes needed to transform a designer’s drawing (of a letter, figure, punctuation, or symbol) into a piece of Monotype metal type for printing. A pantograph is used to trace and cut the letter from a copper pattern into a piece of steel called a punch. After being hardened, the punch is driven into a piece of bronze using a crank press to produce a matrix. The finished matrix is ready to go to the Monotype Composition Caster where molten metal is pumped through a mould against the matrix to produce a piece of type.

This machine is one of many machines used in the process to make a 0.2 inch or 0.4 inch matrix.

The Type Archive has a functioning Monotype matrix workshop containing around 70 machines and pieces of equipment. It is the only one of its kind in the world and matrices are still produced for customers.

Details

Category:
Printing & Writing
Object Number:
1995-1602
Materials:
aluminium alloy, brass (copper, zinc alloy) (copper (metal), zinc alloy), copper (metal), plastic (unidentified), steel (metal) and wood (unidentified)
Measurements:
overall (bench): 890 mm x 910 mm x 760 mm,
type:
machines
taxonomy:
  • tools and equipment
  • equipment