Pattern for Times New Roman (Typeface Series number: 327), 14 point
Pattern for Times New Roman (Typeface Series number: 327), 14 point. Copper plate backed with lead. In original wooden tray. Manufactured by Monotype Corporation.
A Monotype pattern is a copper-faced plate bearing, in relief, the shape of a right-reading character or symbol. It is about 3" square and ¼" thick, having a character raised 1/16" on its face. It bears lines denoting clearance and sidewalls, also figures denoting series and size of type. They used to be made in two sizes: ¼ size of the drawing for type sizes up to 24pt, and 3/8 size of the drawing for type sizes over 24pt. The pattern was used as a guide when cutting punches on a punch-cutting machine. If a metal typeface was produced in five sizes, for example, there were not necessarily new patterns made for each size. However, in the case of Caslon Series 128, there were sets of patterns made for each individual size. The punch was stamped into a piece of phosphor bronze that made a matrix from which type could be cast.
Times New Roman was created by the esteemed typographer Stanley Morison, designer Victor Lardent and The Monotype Corporation. Morison had been challenged to produce a typeface for The Times newspaper that was economical with space and yet still highly legibility on newsprint pages. The first issue of the newspaper to use Times New Roman was 3 October 1932. The typeface was released commercially in 1933 and the Times New Roman family became one of the most widely used typefaces for books, journals and jobbing printing.
The typeface is narrow in relation to its large x-height. Its strong colour is given a crisp appearance by the sharply cut small serifs and subtle shading. Both Times New Roman and its companion bold combine vertical and diagonal stress. Capitals are vertically stressed, while the lowercase stress is mainly diagonal. The thickest parts of c and e are very low down. Counters are kept clean and open, and characteristic letterforms remain strong and legible even in the smallest sizes. The g has a wide tail. The capitals, being no higher than the short ascenders, are small and unobtrusive. The italic has a moderate inclination and has the serifs of the roman.
The Monotype Corporation made 24 series for the Times family in metal type including: a wide version, a semi-bold, an extended titling, four Greek series, a special version for small newspaper ads and a modified version with longer descenders for book work. The typeface had a full range of Cyrillic characters and what was at the time the largest range of accented characters for languages using the Latin alphabet.
Times New Roman was quickly licensed and produced by Linotype, Monotype’s main rival in mechanical typesetting systems. Years later other typesetting system manufacturers, and traditional typefounders Stephenson Blake, offered the typeface too. Times New Roman comes pre-installed as a core font with Windows and Mac computers and was the default font in English-language versions of Microsoft Word for many years. In 2004 the US State Department started using it on most of its documents. It is still available on personal computers for use by millions of people around the world. Times New Roman has had the greatest impact of any twentieth-century roman typeface.