Kymograph, France, 1865-1875

Made:
1860-1880 in France

Buy this image as a print 

Buy

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

License

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Kymograph, brass and steel, on mahogany baseboard, French, c.1870

The kymograph is a classic tool of laboratory research. It was invented by German physiologist Carl Ludwig (1816-1895) in 1847. One of its earliest uses was measuring blood pressure during physiological experiments. A cannula connected to a U-shaped tube filled with mercury was inserted into the artery of an animal. On top of the mercury was a float attached to a pen. As the blood pulsated, the pen recorded the movement on smoked paper wrapped around the metal drum.

The kymograph transformed experimental physiology. The graphs produced let physiologists see blood pressure on paper, giving them a permanent record of the experiment. This example was used in intricate experiments on the properties of muscles and nerves.

Details

Category:
Clinical Diagnosis
Object Number:
A606315
Materials:
brass, mahogany and steel
Measurements:
overall (main body ): 150 mm x 222 mm x 120 mm, 2.8kg
type:
kymograph