Great Indian Peninsula Railway
The Great Indian Peninsular Railway (GIPR) came into existence on April 16, 1853, with the line running from Bombay to Kalyan. The aim was to open a channel to transport trade from cotton growing districts to beyond the Ghats. The GIP Railway was purchased by the Government of India on 1st July 1900 and amalgamated GIP with the Indian Midland Railway. In 1951 the GIPR combined with the Nizam Guaranteed State Railway, Dholpur State Railway and the Scindia State Railway to form a zone of Indian Railways named Central Railway.