University of Manchester Institute of Science & Technology
The Mechanics' Institution was formed by industrialists in 1824, based near St Peter's Square, Manchester, and later moving to Princess street in 1853.
Amidst fears that Britain might lose its leading position as an industrial nation, John Henry Reynolds founded a successful programme of classes, focussing on subjects that served the industrial needs of the Manchester region. In 1883 he converted the Mechanics' Institute into the Manchester Technical School. It was funded by Manchester Corporation from 1892 and became known as the Manchester Municipal Technical School. It was renamed the Manchester Municipal College of Technology after World War I.
In 1956 the College of Technology gained independent status as a university college. It was renamed the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST) in 1966, but remained largely independent of the Victoria University. It merged with Victoria in 2004 to become the University of Manchester.