Stockton & Darlington Railway 1825 - 1863

Railway company
Darlington Works

The Stockton and Darlington Railway was the world's first permanent steam locomotive public railway. The line was 26 miles long, and was built between Darlington and Stockton-on-Tees and from Darlington to several collieries near Shildon. The S&DR proved a huge financial success, and paved the way for modern rail transport. Despite this, the S&DR was absorbed into the North Eastern Railway in 1863, which itself merged into the London and North Eastern Railway in 1922.