The Company of Barber-Surgeons 1540

London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom

Now called The Worshipful Society of Barbers. The barber surgeon was one of the most common medical practitioners of medieval Europe - generally charged with looking after soldiers during or after a battle. In this era, surgery was not generally conducted by physicians, but by barbers. The Company of Barber-Surgeons was founded in 1540. However, the trade was gradually put under pressure by the medical profession and in 1745, the surgeons split from the barbers to form the Company of Surgeons.