Hugh Longbourne Callendar 1863 - 1930

born in:
Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom

Born Hatherop, Gloucestershire. Educated at Cambridge University, he first did research at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge. Later held academic posts at Royal Holloway College & University College, London. Developed the platinium thermometer and made notable contributions to thermometry, calorimetry, and knowledge of the thermodynamic properties of steam. In 1886 Callendar described a precise thermometer based on the electrical resistivity of platinum; since then, platinum resistance thermometers have been prescribed for the determination of temperatures between the defined points of internationally recognized temperature scales. Later he developed the electrical continuous-flow calorimeter, which measures the heat-carrying properties of liquids. In 1915 he published The Callendar Steam Tables and in 1920 Properties of Steam and Thermodynamic Theory of Turbines. The tables are still widely used by engineers and scientists. Callendar became professor of physics at McGill University, Montreal, in 1893; at University College, London, in 1898; and at the Royal College of Science (later part of the Imperial College of Science and Technology), London, in 1902.