Carl Linnaeus 1707 - 1778

born in:
Råshult, Kronoberg, Småland, Sweden

Carolus Linnaeus, or Carl von Linné as he was later called, was born in Sweden and studied medicine at Uppsala. Linnaeus became a doctor, but most of his work focused on botany which in the 1700s was an important part of medical study, as doctors often prepared medicines from plants. Linnaeus developed a new system, or taxonomy, of naming plants and animals which, with some modifications, is still in use today. The aim of his system was to help biologists make sure that they were talking about the same plant or animal, when they could not see each other's specimens.