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Foucault Pendulum for demonstrating the Earth's rotation
Foucault pendulum designed by A.B. Pippard and built at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, including suspension, sustaining mechanism and bob
Original orrery planetary model by John Rowley, 1712-1713
The original orrery c. 1712, made for the Earl of Orrery by John Rowley, London copied from a planetarium model made by George Graham.
Islamic planispheric astrolabe in brass, diameter 25 cm, with rete, two plates, alidade, alidade, pin and horse, made by Jamal al-Din ibn Muquin, at Lahore, Pakistan, in 1077 AH (= 1666-7 CE). Inside of mater shows map locating Mecca with qibla of 17 locations. Zoomorphic characters on rete.
Telescope by Galileo (replica)
Facsimile of telescope by Galileo with main tube measuring 2-foot, 8 1/2-inches and magnification of 21 times. Made by Cipriani and purchased from the Museo di Fisica e Storia Naturale, Florence, Italy in 1923.
Filar micrometer by William Herschel, 1780-1800
Eyepiece micrometer inscribed E.2. in wood mount with brass frame and divided circle 1120 divisions, numbered 0 to 60) and steel screw, threads missing. Focal length 1.65 in
Isaac Newton’s reflecting telescope (replica)
Replica of Newton's first reflecting telescope made in 1668 and now in the possession of the Royal Society of London. Made for the Science Museum in 1924 by Mr F.L. Agate
Orrery planetary model by Benjamin Martin, 1738-1777
Small orrery on mahogany stand showing 6 planets out to Saturn by B. Martin, London, mid 18th century.
Model of radio dish from one mile telescope at Cambridge, 1964.
Working model of one of the three steerable paraboloidal aerials of the Cambridge University 5000 feet radio telescope. On a board 28"x18"; diameter of bowl 23". The telescope, also known as the One Mile Telescope, used Earth-rotation aperture synthesis techniques developed by Martin Ryle.
Planispheric astrolabe with 3 latitude plates( 39°/ 42°, 48°/51° & 45° with a shadow dial scale on the reverse) and magnetic compass (adjacent to suspension ring), by Ferdinand Arsenius, Antwerp; Flanders; Belgium 1607-1618, [IC 233 - International Checklist]. Fitted with a. The reverse side is engraved with a Gemma Frisius universal projection with rule and pointer, with the alidade fitted to the front face. The womb of the mater (mother) is engraved with a ‘Quadratum Nauticum’ (navigational quadrant) scale.
Dutch celestial globe, 1603-1610
Celestial globe, 34 cm in diameter, on wooden four legged stand, by Willem Jansz Blaeu, Amsterdam, with dedication to Tycho Brahe, dated 1603.
Newtonian reflecting telescope, 1795-1816
Newtonian reflecting telescope with 6-inch diameter speculum mirror of 7-foot focal length with black painted deal tube and altazimuth stand plus accessories
English Moon globe with libration stand
Moon globe 12-inch in diameter, by John Russell, R.A., London, England, 1797. [showing the lunar nearside] on mounting to demonstrate lunar libration. Known as 'Selenographia', the geared apparatus carries a miniature terrestrial globe and moon globe mounted on a brass pillar stand.
Model (scale 1:200) of the Jodrell Bank Lovell Telescope
1957 (original); 1961 (model)
Model (scale 1:200) of Jodrell Bank Radio Telescope.
Foucault Pendulum for demonstrating the Earth's rotation, 1883
Brass Foucault pendulum bob and suspension piece made respectively in the Physics Laboratory and Mechanical Laboratory of the Royal College of Science in 1883, with a divided brass arc on a wooden board with lapse time clock indicator dial and wooden bob stand made in the Science Museum workshop, 1928. Set up in a stair well in the Western Galleries [1883-1920s] and then the Science Museum [1920s-1988]
Twelve inch terrestial globe by John Senex, dated
Twelve inch terrestial globe by John Senex, dated 1738
Portable brass quadrant
Portable brass quadrant of 18-inch radius with optical sights on a tripod stand by Dollond, London.
Brass refracting telescope of 4 1/2 inch aperture
Brass refracting telescope of 4 1/2 inch aperture signed by Dollond, London, c.1860. Altazimuth mount on wooden tripod, complete with original box, 1-inch finder 5 astronomical and 2 terrestrial eyepieces, slow-motion right ascension and declination gearing stabilising rods, brass collar, miscellaneous filters, travelling wire eyepiece micrometer with additional eyepiece and spare wire
Dutch terrestrial globe, 1599
Blaeu terrestrial globe (stand worm eaten, one foot detached)
Orrery planetary model
Brass drum orrery by George Adams, London on claw foot stand with mahogany case. Accessories include detachable tellurium and lunarium wheelwork with planet out to Uranus included.
Miniature terrestrial globe by J. Manning. Late 19
Miniature terrestrial globe by J. Manning. Late 19th century
Photograph of the instruments used by the British expedition when observing the 1919 total solar eclipse in Brazil.
Mounted photograph (passe partout) showing the instruments used at Sobral, Brazil, during the total solar eclipse of 1919 May 29. The expedition organised by Sir Arthur Eddington of the Royal Greenwich Observatory used photographs taken during the eclipse to measure the deflection of star light adjacent to the Sun as predicted by Einstein in his Theory of Relativity.
Italian armillary sphere, 1554
Armillary sphere on triple claw feet and inner wooden globe, with inscription 'Hieronymus Carmilli Vulpariae, Florentin, F.1554', height 19 1/2 inches, diameter 12 inches
Replica of refracting telescope by Galileo, 1610
Facsimile of telescope by Galileo, length 4-foot 1 3/4-inches, with a tooled leather tube and magnification of 14, closed complete with lenses. Made by Cipriani and purchased from the Museo di Fisica e Storia Naturale, Florence, Italy in 1923.
Walnut and brass scale model (1:50 approx) of the
Walnut and brass scale model (1:50 approx) of the 'Great Paris Telescope' exhibited at the 1900 Paris Exposition, a stationary 1.25 metre refracting telescope (57 metres long) with a 2 metre mirror siderostat.
English paper-on-brass horary quadrant, Sutton type
English paper-on-brass horary quadrant, by Henry Sutton, London, 1658. Sutton type with lead plumb bob, almanac, degree and trigonometric scales.
English horary quadrant, 1648-1687
English brass Gunter quadrant, with lead plumb bob, degree and trigonometric scales and vovelle (planispheric nocturnal) on reverse side. Signed with the monogram of Walter Hayes (4 3/4-inch radius).
Incomplete aerial telescope, 1686-1691
Selection of components for Huygens's 210-Foot aerial telescope. The objective lens for the instrument has been retained by the Royal Society along with 2 other Huygens lenses. The component parts consist of an iron cylinder with wooden spar to carry the main object glass lens along with 4 eyepieces of 10 inch, 7 1/2 inch, 6 inch and 4 1/8 inch focal lengths.
Orrery planetary model
orrery with brass gearwork and paper scale showing eight planets out to Neptune with wooden case by Newton and Company, London, mid 19th century.
horary quadrant, 1640
Brass Gunter quadrant (3-inch radius) signed J M and dated 1640 with degree and trigonometric scales and vovelle (planispheric nocturnal) on reverse side.
European horary quadrant, 1552
Brass horary Gunter quadrant, dated 1552 ( 9-inches radius) shadow square and degree scales on the reverse side and equal and unequal hour scales on the front.
English horary quadrant, 1650-1725
English brass Gunter quadrant, mounted on raised mahogany base (4 1/4-inch radius) with degree scale and shadow square.
One of two old object glasses of 2 1/4-inch apert
One of two old object glasses of 2 1/4-inch aperture in wood mount by John Reeves 1657-1689. Presented by George Dollond to the Hartwell Museum, Hartwell House near Aylesbury in December 1859. Thought once to be the property of Sir Samuel Bentham [1757-1831] .
English horary quadrant, 1650-1725
English brass Gunter quadrant, 17th century (4 3/4-inch radius) with degree scale and shadow square. Unsigned but design, lettering and decoration identical to 1938-386.
Pocket globe by Dudley Adams, fishskin case, celes
Pocket globe by Dudley Adams, fishskin case, celestial and terrestial. Shows the routes of Captain Cook's voyages.
Islamic astrolabe, 1645-1655
Small brass planispheric astrolabe engraved with Arabic script, thought to be Persian, c. 1650, IC 1056 (international checklist).
Precession of the Equinoxes model, 1855-1860
Apparatus for showing the precession of the equinoxes, under glass shade, which belonged to Sir William Huggins. Thought to be an example of a device designed by Mr T. W. Burr and made by the London chronometer maker, William Hislop, c,1855.
Ptolemaic armillary sphere
Armillary sphere on brass twined stand 6 1/2 in diameter at base brass diameter of meridian 9 1/4 inches outside German 16th century
Dutch celestial globe, 1625
Celestial globe by Petrus Plancius, 1625, incorporating observations of Tycho Brahe, with brass meridian and hour circles, on wooden stand
Orrery planetary model by James Ferguson, 1755-1756
Wooden pulley Orrery with case by James Ferguson, London to illustrate the motions of the Moon and Earth around the Sun, c.1755.
Tenmon Bun’ya no zu (map showing divisions of the heavens and regions they govern)
Tenmon Bun’ya no zu (map showing divisions of the heavens and regions they govern) star map with wooden case by Shibukawa Harumi (1639-1715), Japan, 1677. Combines Shibukawa's systematic astronomical observations with concepts from Chinese field-allocation astrology. (see note)
Orrery planetary model designed by William Pearson, 1813-1822
Mean Motion Orrery with drum case on claw foot stand showing seven planets out to Uranus by Robert Fidler, London. Designed by Rev. William Pearson in 1813 and described in Rees's Encyclopedia.
Orrery planetary model by Space Educational Aids Limited, 1967-9
Manual orrery representing the Sun,Earth,Moon and the five 'naked eye' planets.
French Clock with orrery planetary model and winding keys
Orrery Clock and 2 winding keys by Raingo Frères, Paris with Sun, Earth and Moon globes on pillar stand with music box in wooden base. Original glass dome absent when acquired.
Lunar crater model
Plaster relief model, of a portion of the Moon's surface by James Nasmyth, showing the craters of the Archimedes, Autolycas and Austullus along with Apennine mountains.
Original mirror for William Herschel's forty-foot telescope, 1785.
The first 48-inch speculum mirror cast by Sir William Herschel in 1785 for his 'Forty-Foot' telescope at Slough, England.
Kew photoheliograph designed by Warren De la Rue for the Royal Society, London, in 1857 and made by Ross, London. Used for daily photography of the Sun at the Kew Observatory and Royal Observatory, Greenwich. Transported to Rivabellosa in Northern Spain where it was used to photograph the eclipse of the Sun on July 18th 1860. Similar photographs taken by Father Secchi 500 km away showed identical prominences which proved that they were integral to the Sun rather than terrestrial atmospheric effects..
European astrolabe, 1295-1305
French planispheric astrolabe with a single plate, a geared lunar vovelle on the front and a shadow dial with an unequal hour scale on the reverse, undated and unsigned,c.1300, IC 198 [international checklist].
Hindu planispheric astrolabe in copper [brass?], single plate, made for Raja Ramasimha by Sivalala in 1870. Engraved in Sanskrit with instrument laid out for the latitude of Bundi (25º 28'), Rajasthan, India. Alidade at rear missing.
New improved pocket terrestial globe by J. & W. Ne
New improved pocket terrestial globe by J. & W. Newton, in fish-skin case, c.1817.