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Explore the technological development of motion pictures though our internationally significant cinematography collection. Discover pre-cinematic optical toys, the history of film advertising, and filmmaking technology used by both professionals and amateurs
Cine-Kodak Special II Camera
Cine-Kodak Special II camera. Cinecamera for 16mm film, 100' load. Turret with two lenses; Kodak Anastigmat F:25mm f/1.9 and Kodak Anastigmat F:2 1/2 inches, f/2.7; on 2-point bayonet mounts; folding optical frame finder, critical refelx focuser behind lens; clockwork drive 8-64 fps, single frame. Adjustable shutter - totally closing. Backwind, single frame shaft, hand turning option; interchangeable film magazine. Frame and footage counters. Control panel cover replaced by one form CK Special II.
Moy and Bastie 35m Patent Cinematograph Camera
Moy and Bastie Patent 35mm Cinematograph camera, 1909-1910, Patent Number 4534.
Arriflex 16mm ST cine camera
16mm Arriflex ST cine camera in metal camera case. Camera body has integral 100ft magazine, Serial Number 8337.
Bolex 150 Super 8mm Cine Camera
Cine camera for Super 8 cartridge film; hinged lens cover; Paillard Box zoom lens F:8.5-30mm, f/1.9; refelx finder, visible meter needle, auto exposure; macrofocusing capability - faulty; electric motor drive. The first Bolex Super 8 camera is of strikingly unconventional design, not only externally but inside the camera body too. Uniquely, the light from the lens is deflected 90 degrees by a prism inside the body so that the film cartridge sits horizontally above the lens. The f/1.9 8.5-30mm zoom lens is built into the camera housing and its focus and zoom setting is adjusted by the knurled knob. It has through-the-lens CdS metering and can be operated at 18 frames/second or a single frame at a time.
Bioscope 35-mm cine-projector
Bioscope 35-mm cine-projector, made by Aubrey Franks, Manchester, c.1900.
A Wrench-Darling Cinematograph, a combined camera, printer and projector, made in 1897-8.
'Rover' portable video camera
'Rover' portable video camera in fitted case, made by the Sony Corporation, Japan, c.1970.
Examples of Trank Travelling Matte process
35mm film frames - examples of the test shots for the Rank Travelling matte process.
Bell & Howell Filmo 70 C-2 16mm cine camera
Bell & Howell Filmo 70 C-2 automatic cinecamera for 16mm film, 100 foot reels. GB-Bell & Howell Super Comat lens, 20mm f/1.9-16. fitted (not original?). Helical focusing. With three lens turret. Direct vision optical finder. Original clockwork motor replaced by external 12v electric motor. Serial No17817.
Siemens B 16mm Magazine Cinecamera
Siemens 16mm magazine cinecamera. Made in Germany, sold by James A Sinclair & Co Ltd, 3 Whitehall, London SW. This cine camera was made for 16mm film in Siemens magazines. It has a Busch Glaukar Anastigmat 2cm f/2.8 lens, Serial No 363726, with a focussing scale under the lens and an exposure guide to its left. The clockwork motor runs at 8, 16 and 64 frames per second, as well as a single frame facility. There are direct vision and reflecting optical finders and a footage counter. Stamped on side 'L. H. L.'
Kodak XL55 Super 8 ciné camera
Kodak XL55 Super 8 ciné camera, for Super 8 cartridges; Kodak Ektar Zoom lens, F:9-21mm f/1.2, focusing. Auto expopsure 9, 18 fps, electric drive; electric zoom option. Takes 4 AA batteries (removed). Automatic exposure and the direct-vision optical viewfinder is at the side. The Kodak XL55 Super 8mm Camera was one of the first Kodak Super 8 cameras to incorporate the 230 degree shutter and fast f/1.2 lens that when used with the (then) highly sensitive Ektachrome 160 filmstock allowed filming in very low light levels - the marketing suggested this was possible in candlelight. The XL55, like the simpler XL33, is of unconventional design and is held by its sides. The film cartridge is inserted at the rear of the camera.
Bell & Howell Filmo Projector
Bell & Howell Filmo Projector, c. 1926. Cine projector for 16mm film, 400' spool capacity. Fitted with a Graf optical co lens F: 2 inches (Pat. 6.26) in helical screw mount. Two continuous sprockets, claw intermittent. Gate and snubber rollers opened by single lever. FRaming control on claw mechanism. Double condensers, removable. 110v, 200w prefocus lamp. Electric motor drive, forward/ reverse switch. Hand rewind. Inching knob. No.35812. Manufactured by Bell & Howell Co., Chicago.
Kodak instamatic M2 Cine Camera
Kodak instamatic M2 camera. Manufactured by Eastman Kodak, assembled by Kodak Limited. For Super 8 film in cartridges; Kodak Ektanar lens f/2.2; manual exposure setting, manual exposure guide. DV optical finder; electric motor drive. Serial No D21675. In original packing.
Reynaud's Praxinoscope Theatre
Reynaud's Praxinoscope Theatre, c.1879. Emile Reynauld, Paris. Box opening and errecting to carry mirror drum with twelve facets; black background picture bands fit around circumference. Image viewed through hole in upright lid, seen through glass plate in which is reflected interchangeable background and foreground scene; the galss set in theatre style proscenium. Instructions pasted on lower proscenium panel. Candle holder and shade missing. With four bands; girl blowing bubbles (fitted in drum); leapfrog; girl skipping; boy foot-juggling. Background/foreground cards; circus; country house; background only; snow scene. Three advertising cards for - Praxinoscope, Projection Praxinoscope, Praxinoscope Theatre. Reproduction candle shade, made by Science Museum from original in BFI, in 1956.
Poster for 'Pantomimes Lumineuses'
Poster, coloured lithograph, 'Pantomimes Lumineuses Theâtre Optique de E. Reynaud' / Jules Cheret, for Musee Grevin, signed in the block and dated 1898', (framed and glazed)
Williamson 35mm cine camera
For 35mm film in internal 300' magazines. Lens missing; second lens tube fitted above standard; double gate, sperated by one frame. Additional mechanism, incomplete, operating guillotine shutters in each gate. Hand turned; footage and fps dials; critical focusing through film (cap missing). Claw intermittent and two sprockets. 'Binocular' mask.
Glass copy negative of Leeds Bridge by Louis Le Prince
Single large glass copy negative of Louis Le Prince's footage shot on Leeds Bridge in October 1888. This copy negative was made by the Science Museum in 1933 from the original paper negatives created by Le Prince and shows frame numbers 110 to 129.
Pathé Kok 28mm projector
Home projector for 28mm safety film; claw inrtermittent; single sprocket wheel; hand turned; dynamo generated current for 6 volt electric lamp; with one reel of film. Composition rewind gear broken. Patent No 28714, 1903, DRP No 230675, OP No 47796 (with list of patents). Threaded with 310x32mm filmstrip entitled 'Jellyfish'. Trademark Pathe Ccokeel 'Kok' on back, No 3010. Transfer print on base.
Illustrated Programme of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee Procession
Programme for Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee procession, 22 June 1897. "Illustrated Programme of the Royal Jubilee Procession. Authorised by HRH The Prince of Wales K.G. Published in aid of the Prince of Wales Hospital Fund for London to which the entire profits will be devoted". Publishing Office, 190 Strand, London. "To commemorate the 60th Year of the Queen's Reign". 63 printed pages, plus 3 black, plus front and back cover.
Debrie 'Le Parvo' 35mm Cine Camera
Debrie Parvo cine camera modified for two colour process. Series 9, No 43. By J Debrie, Paris. For 35mm film in internal magazine. Krauss Zeiss Tessar lens, f/3.5 F:50mm, Serial No 84933. For Kinemacolor or similar process; red/orange and green filter wheel behind lens. Hand turned; optical frame finder; through-film focusing; footage and fps counters, 1908
Kodak M4 Movie camera
Kodak Ltd. Movie camera for Super 8 film cartridges. Kodak Ektanar lens f/1.8, F:13mm. Automatic exposure control, CdS cell. Direct vision optical finder with parallax mark and end of film indicator. Slot for movielight/key removing daylight filter. Rotary footage counter. No C46129. In lined case.
Eumig P8 8mm silent cine projector
Eumig P8 cine projector for 8mm film, up to 400 foot capacity. Eumig Eupronar coated projection lens F: 20mm f/1.4. Two sprockets and claw drive. Electric motor, slider speed control. On-off switch. Framing control. 12 volt, 100 watt A1/186 lamp, single contact bayonet cap. Reflector condenser system. Two flat pin input socket. Mains voltage adjuster. Hand rewind. Spool arms fold away inside body. Serial no. 963761. This was Eumig's most popular projector. Between 1954 and 1969, 1.3 million examples of this model were manufactured.
Bell & Howell Autoset 624EE 8mm Cine Camera
Bell & Howell Autoset 624EE camera. Double run 8mm cine camera. Super Comat lens F:10mm f/1.9. Auto or manual aperture setting. Clockwork drive. Single frame/continuous run. No. D33146.
'Dancing (Fancy)'. Plate 187 from 'Animal Locomotion'
Collotype print by Eadweard Muybridge, Plate 187, 'Dancing (Fancy)', from 'Animal Locomotion'; an Electro-Photographic Investigation of Consecutive Phases of Animal Movements, 1872-1885', published in 1887.
Map poster for the Cinerama film, 'How the West Was Won'
Map poster produced for advertising purposes for the film 'How the West Was Won', 1962, illustrating the 'history of the American Indian', from 1840 to about 1900.
Javanese shadow puppet
Javanes shadow puppet or Wayang Kulit puppet ; male figure; gilded and painted leather; articulated. Possibly the figure of Hanuman.
GBN toy magic lantern
GBN toy magic lantern. Made in Germany. Toy lantern in olive green enamelled tinplate. Single condensor lens, single objective lens. Oil lamp with glass chimney. In original cardboard, with instruction sheet. Box of original GBN slides, 12; 17x44cm, four circular pictures to each slide. Box of 12 GBN slides; 17x44cm, series 6, 4 circular pictures to each slide. Box of 12 GBN slides 17x44cm Series 4 slides, four panoramic, eight with four pictures each.
3D glasses for 'Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare'
Pair of anaglyph 3D glasses for use with the film 'Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare', 1991.
C P Goerz Minicord camera
Subminiature camera for 16mm film in recordable cassettes. Twin-lens refelx focusing. Heligor F2.5cm f2 lens, No 4002. In leather case.
Zeiss-Ikon portable 35mm sound projector type B
Zeiss-Ikon portable 35mm sound projector type B
Magic lantern slide depicting Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Slide 16
Hand-painted glass lantern slide illustrating scene from 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' by Lewis Carroll. Illustrations by Sir John Tenniel, published with permission of MacMillan and Co, 1870s. Slide number 16 "Yet you turned a back somersault in at the door". One of twenty six hand-painted lantern slides (standard size) in cardboard drawer.
Kodak Brownie 8 movie camera model f/2.7
Cinecamera for double run 8mm film; f/2.7 lens; clockwork motor; DV optical finder; No. 22696. Manufactured from both Eastman Kodak and Kodak Ltd parts.
Empire Model 2 35mm Cinematograph
Butcher's No. 2 Empire Cinematograph. For 35mm film on 400' reels. Pathe Serie Superieure lens, screw focused; beater intermittent, 2 sprockets; before lens shutter. Centrifugal safety shutter; framing device. Iron lamphouse, condenser and light source missing, slides over behind lantern lens, with flasher, tinter slot, rack focusing. On wooden base.
Birtac 17.5mm Camera/Projector
The Birtac camera/projector in ever ready leather case. Designed by Birt Acres, made by The Northern Photographic Works, Barnet, 1899. Cine camera/projector for 17.5mm film (slit standard). Ross lens, No 57581 with Waterhouse stop slot (three stop sin top compartment) on internal rack mount for projection; threraded mount on exterior for taking seperate gates for two functions. Beater intermittent; single continuous sprocket. Direct vision finder, ground glass missing, detached, needs repair (in top compartment).
Dux Kino Model 44 toy projector
Dux Kino projector, Model 44. Projector for 35mm film strip carrying two horizontal rows of cartoon pictures with alternate phases of motion. Projected alternately by oscillating shutter operated behind two projection lenses. Serial No 568 on base, trade mark in gold on top of projector body. With a paired condenser lens, two 3.5v bulbs powered by 4 1/2 volt battery. Clockwork drive. Dux-Fabrik Markes and Co, about 1957. With one film strip, Mickey and Pluto (1990-5036/2659/1).
William Friese-Greene's Stereo Cine Camera
William Friese-Greene's Stereo Cine Camera, manufactured by A Lege & Co, London c. 1890. With brass plate on front, etched 'A Lege & Co / Makers / London'.
Kodatoy projector Universal Model
For 16mm film 400' reels - fitted with extension arms. Claw intermittent; 2 sprockets; hand turned take-up belt missing.
JVC GR-C2 Video Camera
JVC GR-C2 video movie camera, in a power adapter, held within a case.
Prestwich Model 5 cine camera used by Herbert Ponting
Prestwich Model 5 cinematographic camera, used by Mr Herbert Ponting to document Robert Falcon Scott's Antarctic Expedition, 1910.
Biokam camera projector
Mechanism box with claw pulldown for 17.5 centre perforated film. Voightlander Eurysco lens F:38mm f/7. Vewifinder missing, gate pressure plate detached. Single frame and 8 frame shafts, hand turned; provision for time exposure for stills. No 57. With detachable double film takeup box; provision for viewing image through film; two negative film chambers (sides need resoldering); one wooden printing box for negative and positive film; tin of 25' negative film; film roll support for projection; lengths of unexposed positive, developed negative and positive film (nitrate).
Newall 35mm studio camera
Newall 35mm studio cine camera. Mitchell 'lookalike' 35mm camera; 4-lens turret with 3 lenses; Cooke Speed Panchero Ser. II lens F:50mm f/2 No 572143; Cooke Speed Panchero Ser. II lens F:75mm f/2 No 538629; Cooke Speed Panchero Ser. II lens F:32mm f/2 No 567730. Lens hood/matte box; optical frame finder with adjustable format indicators; Critical focusing through lens by rack-over mechanism; adjustable shutter; footage, frame counters. Electric motor drive, Mitchell Camera Corp. synchronous motor model DCNS. On steerable TV type dolly ser. no 500/110, with pan and tilt head; power box with three ammeters.
Pathé Webo A 9.5mm cine camera
Pathe Webo A cine camera for 9.5mm film in Webo chargers; Som Berthiot Cinor B lens F;20mm f/1.9 Serial No 575935 in interchangeable mount. Clockwork drive (claw intermittent in magazine), guilotine shutter; single frame; DV optical finder; exposure table. No 4411. Instructions in French.
Action Replay - The Action Movie in your Pocket
One movie viewer, 'Action Replay - The Action Movie in you Pocket' with film cartridge of James Bond Jr. in original packaging.
Kinemacolor projector on table type stand. 35mm projector for 2 colour successive frame projection. Beater intermittent, two continuous sprockets, rack and pinion focusing and framing. No lens. Spool boxes. Safety shutter operated by centrifugal mechanism. Two sector shutter behind lens, filter wheel ('modern' copy) with red and green filters. Lamphouse with carbon arc. Made by The Natural Kinematograph Co. Ltd., London, 1910. Brass plate incised 'No 66'.
Zeiss Ikon Kinamo 16mm camera
Zeiss Ikon Kinamo 16mm camera. Serial No 92044. For 16mm film in 10 metre loads, in S10 chargers. Fitted with a Zeiss Tessar lens F:1.5cm f/2.7-16, Serial No 865801. Single speed clockwork motor with state of wind indicator. And direct vision optical frame finder. The claw mechanism is unusual in engaging the sprocket holes from the back rather than the front as is usual in amateur cameras. Zeiss Ikon.
Sharp XC-30 Video Camera
Colour video camera, model XC-30, made by the Sharp Corporation.
Le Camereclair 35mm Cine Camera
Le Camereclair cine camera. For 35mm film in 120m internal magazines. Six lens turret with five lenses: Taylor Hobson wide angle Kinic Anastigmat F: 24mm f/3.5-32, Serial No 1865639; Meyer Gorlitz Makro Plasmat F:2.5cm, Serial No 432907 f/2.6-12.5; E Krauss Zeiss Tessar F:3.5cm f/2.7-23, Serial No154469; Astro Gesellschaft, Berlin, Pan-Tachar F:50mm f/1.9-12; Taylor Hobson Cooke Anastigmat F:3 inches f/2-32 Series 0, Serial No204003; all in clamping mounts, fine adjustment on turret location. Critical focusing through the film in gate and through other lens above gate, right angle finder slides on camera side from one to the other. Folding optical frame finder with parallax compensated rear sight and yellow celluloid frame mask. Gate mask removable, adjustable for height indicator. Hand turned. Focusing from rear. Rotating disc with sliding vernier uncalibrated. Frame and metre indicators and three-digit turns indicator. Register pin in film path. Serial No 646. Inscribed Syst J Mery on reverse. Etablissement Eclair. This sophisticated camera (the earlier 1924 model has a four-lens turret] became well regarded for its application to special effects and process work.
Nizo 8 AK 8mm cine camera
Nizo 8 AK cine camera. Cine camera for 8mm film, single run in charger. Steinhall Cassar lens F:1.25cm f/2.5-16; interchangeable screw mount (see 1990-5036/4448). Clockwork drive; button for lock, run, continuous run. Direct vision optical finder and seperate eyelevel reflecting finder. Moveable mask for telephoto lens covers both. Large rotary counter. No 60614.