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Explore the technological development of motion pictures though our internationally significant cinematography collection. Discover pre-cinematic optical toys, the history of film advertising, and filmmaking technology used by both professionals and amateurs
Debrie 'Le Parvo' 35mm Cine Camera
Debrie Parvo cine camera modified for two colour process. Series 9, No 43. By J Debrie, Paris. For 35mm film in internal magazine. Krauss Zeiss Tessar lens, f/3.5 F:50mm, Serial No 84933. For Kinemacolor or similar process; red/orange and green filter wheel behind lens. Hand turned; optical frame finder; through-film focusing; footage and fps counters, 1908
Newall 35mm studio camera
Newall 35mm studio cine camera. Mitchell 'lookalike' 35mm camera; 4-lens turret with 3 lenses; Cooke Speed Panchero Ser. II lens F:50mm f/2 No 572143; Cooke Speed Panchero Ser. II lens F:75mm f/2 No 538629; Cooke Speed Panchero Ser. II lens F:32mm f/2 No 567730. Lens hood/matte box; optical frame finder with adjustable format indicators; Critical focusing through lens by rack-over mechanism; adjustable shutter; footage, frame counters. Electric motor drive, Mitchell Camera Corp. synchronous motor model DCNS. On steerable TV type dolly ser. no 500/110, with pan and tilt head; power box with three ammeters.
Bauer Mini S cine camera
Bauer Mini S cinecamera. Cine camera for Super 8 film magazines; Schneider Xenoplan lens F:15mm f/1.8. Auto exposure - cell operates aperture directly; needle visible in DV optical finder. Electric motor drive. This camera was in production from 1966-1968. The followed on from the Mini of 1966-1967. The only difference seems to have been the lens.
Bell & Howell Filmo 70 C-2 16mm cine camera
Bell & Howell Filmo 70 C-2 automatic cinecamera for 16mm film, 100 foot reels. GB-Bell & Howell Super Comat lens, 20mm f/1.9-16. fitted (not original?). Helical focusing. With three lens turret. Direct vision optical finder. Original clockwork motor replaced by external 12v electric motor. Serial No17817.
3D glasses for 'Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare'
Pair of anaglyph 3D glasses for use with the film 'Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare', 1991.
Paillard-Bolex B8L 8mm cine camera
Paillard-Bolex B8L cine camera. For 8mm film, 25 foot reels. Fitted with a Kern-Paillard Yvar lens F: 13mm f/1.8-22 No.816026 in two lens turret. Filming speeds 12, 16, 18, 24, 32, 48, 64, single frame. 'Zoom' viewfinder for 12.5-36mm lenses with swing up extra lens for wide angle. Variable shutter - adjusting lever can be locked. Rewind handle for dissolves etc. Built in exposure meter. Needles matched in viewfinder directly coupled to lens aperture ring. Rotary footage counter. Claw intermittent. No. 905971. Paillard.
Siemens B 16mm Magazine Cinecamera
Siemens 16mm magazine cinecamera. Made in Germany, sold by James A Sinclair & Co Ltd, 3 Whitehall, London SW. This cine camera was made for 16mm film in Siemens magazines. It has a Busch Glaukar Anastigmat 2cm f/2.8 lens, Serial No 363726, with a focussing scale under the lens and an exposure guide to its left. The clockwork motor runs at 8, 16 and 64 frames per second, as well as a single frame facility. There are direct vision and reflecting optical finders and a footage counter. Stamped on side 'L. H. L.'
Pathescope Motocamera 9.5mm Cine Camera With Loaded Charger
Pathescope Motocamera 9.5mm cine camera. Pathe, Made in France. Carl Zeiss (Jena) Tessar lens F:2cm f/2.7-14, Serial Number 863648. Clockwork motor, claw intermittent. Run and lock lever. Rotary meter counter. Direct vision optical finder. Distribution No W 31797.Patent Number 252.283. With loaded Pathex charger. General operating instructions on card inside door of camera.
Magic lantern slide depicting Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, The White Rabbit as The Page of Hearts
Hand-painted glass lantern slide illustrating scene from 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' by Lewis Carroll. Illustrations by Sir John Tenniel, published with permission of MacMillan and Co, 1870s. Slide No 37 "The white rabbit blew three blasts on his trumpet and called out", showing the White Rabbit as a Page of Hearts. One of twenty six hand-painted lantern slides (standard size) in cardboard drawer.
RCA Sound Camera
RCA Sound cinecamera. Cinecamera for 16mm film, 100 foot reels. Wollensak Velostigmat lens f/3.5-16, in three-lens turret, screw mount. Clockwork motor drive, 16-24 feet per second. Single sprocket and claw mechanism. Sound recording head, 4 volt 0.75 amp lamp lit from three dry cells. Level adjusting screw. Critical focusing device (under red rubber cap). Direct vision optical finder with frames for three lenses. Paralax compensated rear lens. Footage indicator working on feed spool. Light from lamp falls on recording slit via mirror fitted on 'microphone' diaphragm. Serial No 1341. RCA Victor Co Inc, Camden, NJ.
Bol Cinégraphe 35mm cine camera
Cinegraphe Bol camera, 1924. Cine camera for 35mm film in metal chargers. Serial No 6604. Bolar lens by Kern, Switzerland, F:55mm f/2-9 in focusing mount, Serial No 2434. Hand turned (crank missing) 8 toothed claw, 2 sprocket cylindrical shutter. Provision for use as projector, open gate, shuttered slots for external reels. Rotating film counter, calibrated for 30 meters. Large folding frame viewfinder with pendulum level, unusual design, incorporating distance scale on transparent inset sheet - focusing pointer visible from rear of camera. 'Chimneypot' exposure calculator on side of camera.
JVC GR-C2 Video Camera
JVC GR-C2 video movie camera, in a power adapter, held within a case.
Cine-Kodak Special II Camera
Cine-Kodak Special II camera. Cinecamera for 16mm film, 100' load. Turret with two lenses; Kodak Anastigmat F:25mm f/1.9 and Kodak Anastigmat F:2 1/2 inches, f/2.7; on 2-point bayonet mounts; folding optical frame finder, critical refelx focuser behind lens; clockwork drive 8-64 fps, single frame. Adjustable shutter - totally closing. Backwind, single frame shaft, hand turning option; interchangeable film magazine. Frame and footage counters. Control panel cover replaced by one form CK Special II.
AK Home Cinema toy projector
AK toy cine projector for 100 foot reels of 35mm film. Serial Number K745A on flywheel. Light source missing. Single condenser lens. Maltese Cross driven intermittent sprocket, hand turnde, no shutter. Wire frame springs for tensionin film. Single projection lens, provision for small lantern slides. Elevating foot. Maybe by Johann Falk, Nurnberg (see ACR 508).
Kodascope Eight Model 20T 8mm cine projector
Eastman Kodak Company. For 8mm silent film; 200' reels; claw intermittent, two sprockets; lamp and motor speed controls, for 110 volt 60 cps AC supply only. This is a version of the first 8mm projector made by Kodak. It takes a 120 volt 50 or 100 watt T8 SC bayonet bulb.
Dux Kino Model 44 toy projector
Dux Kino projector, Model 44. Projector for 35mm film strip carrying two horizontal rows of cartoon pictures with alternate phases of motion. Projected alternately by oscillating shutter operated behind two projection lenses. Serial No 568 on base, trade mark in gold on top of projector body. With a paired condenser lens, two 3.5v bulbs powered by 4 1/2 volt battery. Clockwork drive. Dux-Fabrik Markes and Co, about 1957. With one film strip, Mickey and Pluto (1990-5036/2659/1).
Vitaphone disc for sound film 'Sunny' (1930, USA)
Vitaphone disc from a film Sunny (1930, USA), double sided 16-inch disc, in original sleeve. Side 1: No. 3, FA4578-2-56. A First National Production. Sunny score Reel no. 3 scratched onto disc Side 2: No. 1, FA4576-2-55. A First National Production. Sunny Score Reel no. 1 scratched onto disc.
Newman and Sinclair Autokine Model E 35mm Cine Camera
Newman and Sinclair Autokine Model E 35mm cine camera. With two magazines. Serial No 423. Cine camera for 35mm film in internal 200 foot reel magazine. Sliding plate with fittings for two lenses which are missing. With double spring clockwork motor, adjustable speed. Direct vision optical viewfinder with spirit level and footage indicator visible, parallax compensated rear sight.
Kodak XL55 Super 8 ciné camera
Kodak XL55 Super 8 ciné camera, for Super 8 cartridges; Kodak Ektar Zoom lens, F:9-21mm f/1.2, focusing. Auto expopsure 9, 18 fps, electric drive; electric zoom option. Takes 4 AA batteries (removed). Automatic exposure and the direct-vision optical viewfinder is at the side. The Kodak XL55 Super 8mm Camera was one of the first Kodak Super 8 cameras to incorporate the 230 degree shutter and fast f/1.2 lens that when used with the (then) highly sensitive Ektachrome 160 filmstock allowed filming in very low light levels - the marketing suggested this was possible in candlelight. The XL55, like the simpler XL33, is of unconventional design and is held by its sides. The film cartridge is inserted at the rear of the camera.
Williamson 35mm cine camera
For 35mm film in internal 300' magazines. Lens missing; second lens tube fitted above standard; double gate, sperated by one frame. Additional mechanism, incomplete, operating guillotine shutters in each gate. Hand turned; footage and fps dials; critical focusing through film (cap missing). Claw intermittent and two sprockets. 'Binocular' mask.
Illustrated Programme of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee Procession
Programme for Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee procession, 22 June 1897. "Illustrated Programme of the Royal Jubilee Procession. Authorised by HRH The Prince of Wales K.G. Published in aid of the Prince of Wales Hospital Fund for London to which the entire profits will be devoted". Publishing Office, 190 Strand, London. "To commemorate the 60th Year of the Queen's Reign". 63 printed pages, plus 3 black, plus front and back cover.
Éclair Cameflex 16/35mm camera
Éclair Cameflex 16-35mm camera, Serial No1635-296. Based on the Cameflex Standard (CM3) it has three pulldown claws (two for 35mm, one for 16mm) in the film gate. Includes three Cooke Speed Panchro lenses; 2 x 75mm Serial No's 4547533 and 468797 and 1 x 100mm Serial No 39333.
William Friese-Greene's Stereo Cine Camera
William Friese-Greene's Stereo Cine Camera, manufactured by A Lege & Co, London c. 1890. With brass plate on front, etched 'A Lege & Co / Makers / London'.
Moviola film editor
Moviola double head editing machine. Made by Moviola, Hollywood.
Sharp XC-30 Video Camera
Colour video camera, model XC-30, made by the Sharp Corporation.
Pathe Freres Cinematograph 35mm Camera
Pathe Cinematograph. Cine camera for 35mmm film in 100 metre magazines. f/4.5-25 lens in helical focusing mount. Hand turned. Single frame and 8 frame shaft. Rotary metre counter. Reflecting side viewfinder. Two sprocket and claw drive, interchangeable felt covered or frame gate pressure plate. Wooden magazines with provision for two spares. Double spirit level. Film punch. Manufactured by Pathe Freres, 14 Rue Favant, Paris. Serial No 1187.
Le Praxinoscope, made by Emil Reynaud, Paris. 12.5cm diameter drum; two facet mirror drum. French patent 120484, 30 August 1877 'Appareil pour obtenir l'illusion du mouvement a l'aide de glaces mobiles'. Six complete bands, plus fragments.
Two Kineograph Flicker Books
Flicker books (2): windmill, illustration in original patent, cover and 1st pages missing; dancing skeleton. Linnett's patent.
Agfa Movex S Automatic Super 8mm Camera
Agfa Movex S Automatic Super 8 cine camera, 1966-68. Takes CK-17 Super 8 Agfa colour film. Agfa Movexar lens F:13, f/2.4. This is an example of the first Agfa Super 8 Camera. With a body of plastic, it is electrically-driven, with a single speed of 18 frames/second and has automatic exposure control.
'Photo-rotoscope' 35mm projector mechanism
"Photo-rotoscope" 35mm. projector mechanism, made by W C Hughes, Brewster House, 82 Mortimer Road, Kingsland Road, London, c. 1896. This projector advances the film by 'dog' motion. An eccentric roller on a rotating disc periodically strikes the film below the film gate and drags the film the length of one frame. The film is then taken up by a continuously moving sprocket wheel.
Moy and Bastie 35m Patent Cinematograph Camera
Moy and Bastie Patent 35mm Cinematograph camera, 1909-1910, Patent Number 4534.
'Dancing (Fancy)'. Plate 187 from 'Animal Locomotion'
Collotype print by Eadweard Muybridge, Plate 187, 'Dancing (Fancy)', from 'Animal Locomotion'; an Electro-Photographic Investigation of Consecutive Phases of Animal Movements, 1872-1885', published in 1887.
Reynaud's Praxinoscope Theatre
Reynaud's Praxinoscope Theatre, c.1879. Emile Reynauld, Paris. Box opening and errecting to carry mirror drum with twelve facets; black background picture bands fit around circumference. Image viewed through hole in upright lid, seen through glass plate in which is reflected interchangeable background and foreground scene; the galss set in theatre style proscenium. Instructions pasted on lower proscenium panel. Candle holder and shade missing. With four bands; girl blowing bubbles (fitted in drum); leapfrog; girl skipping; boy foot-juggling. Background/foreground cards; circus; country house; background only; snow scene. Three advertising cards for - Praxinoscope, Projection Praxinoscope, Praxinoscope Theatre. Reproduction candle shade, made by Science Museum from original in BFI, in 1956.
Technicolor three-colour 35mm Camera
Technicolor three-colour 35mm Camera, made by Technicolor Corporation, USA c. 1932. Serial number DE17.
Kinora viewer for reels. Wooden base with inlaid line decoration and turned support strut. Rectangular viewing lens. One element missing but has since been replaced. This Kinora Viewer was made in Britain around 1908 and was marketed by Bond's Ltd., 138 New Bond Street, London. This is a simple folding wooden model (No. 1 combination hand or table instrument with two lenses for a single viewer). Fitted with flipbook of balloon flight, stamped no 585.
Poster for 'Pantomimes Lumineuses'
Poster, coloured lithograph, 'Pantomimes Lumineuses Theâtre Optique de E. Reynaud' / Jules Cheret, for Musee Grevin, signed in the block and dated 1898', (framed and glazed)
Pathé Webo A 9.5mm cine camera
Pathe Webo A cine camera for 9.5mm film in Webo chargers; Som Berthiot Cinor B lens F;20mm f/1.9 Serial No 575935 in interchangeable mount. Clockwork drive (claw intermittent in magazine), guilotine shutter; single frame; DV optical finder; exposure table. No 4411. Instructions in French.
Action Replay - The Action Movie in your Pocket
One movie viewer, 'Action Replay - The Action Movie in you Pocket' with film cartridge of James Bond Jr. in original packaging.
Kinemacolor cine camera made by Moy and Bastie to Charles Urban's design
Kinemacolor camera built by Moy & Bastie in 1909 to specification of Charles Urban and G A Smith (crank handle and screws missing). Ross Xpress Patent lens 1:4.5, Serial No 85973.
Birtac cine camera/projector
"Birtac" camera projector for 17.5mm film, made by Birt Acres in 1898; complete with handle, lens, two mantle holders and spool of positive film showing "Domestic Scene". The magazines hold 20 feet of film, sufficient for about 40 seconds of filming. The intermittent motion is of the 'dog' type.
Kinemacolor projector on table type stand. 35mm projector for 2 colour successive frame projection. Beater intermittent, two continuous sprockets, rack and pinion focusing and framing. No lens. Spool boxes. Safety shutter operated by centrifugal mechanism. Two sector shutter behind lens, filter wheel ('modern' copy) with red and green filters. Lamphouse with carbon arc. Made by The Natural Kinematograph Co. Ltd., London, 1910. Brass plate incised 'No 66'.
Philips N1700 Video Cassette Recorder
A Philips N1700/15 video cassette recorder (long player), accompanied by a Philips LVC150 video casette.
Ernemann home projector
Ernemann 35mm home projector, for 400 foot reels. Ernemann Pro-Anastigmat lens F:6.5cm Serial No 78540. Intermittent sprocket; single sprocket; 24w electric lamp in lamphouse attached to ga... Hand turned; on wooden base, cover missing. Ernemann-Werke, Dresden.
'Fearless' Hard-Tyre Cine Camera Dolly
'Fearless' hard-tyre camera dolly No 21 for use with Mitchell VistaVision cine camera No 30, made by Raby Manfacturing, 1953-1959. Used by EON Productions Ltd. Cast manufacturers plate reads 'RABY MANUFACTURING CO HOLLYWOOD / PAT 2073398'.
Kodak Brownie 8 movie camera model f/2.7
Cinecamera for double run 8mm film; f/2.7 lens; clockwork motor; DV optical finder; No. 22696. Manufactured from both Eastman Kodak and Kodak Ltd parts.
Kodak Brownie Turret movie camera
For doublerun 8mm film, 25' reels; Kodak Cine Ektanon lens F:13mm f/1.9, with converters for telephoto and wide angle. Clockwork drive; folding optical frame finder, parallax compensated. H 10207.
Debrie Le Parvo Model T Cine Camera
Debrie Le Parvo Model T cine camera, No 6619 Series 12. Cine camera for 35mm film in internal 1000 foot magazines. Lens missing. Bayonet mount, couplings for focusing and aperture. Drum shutter. Gate swings over for critical focusing through lens system on camera top. Hand turned or external drive. Turns footage and frame counter. Slot for matte. Film punch. Disc shutter, external adjustment. Piped oiling system. Fitted with Cooke Speed Panchro lens F:40mm f/2-16, Serial No 214559 (1990-5036/3552). Andre Debrie.