Mathematics

after 1958

Cipher machine 'Fialka', with 10 rotors marked with Cyrillic (Russian) characters, and with spare set of rotors in metal drum, c. 1958 or later.

circa 1700

Original Napier's Rods, cylindrical arrangement in wooden box with ten figured rollers; inside lid inscribed "This box was the identical property of the author of ye Logs, Napier 1824" (wire, hingeing lid to box, broken) from the library of the Lord Napier and Ettrick

Ellipsograph, in wooden box (see stroke/part records), unsigned, United Kingdom, 1880-1920

1872

Conoid string surface model, made by Fabre de Lagrange, France, 1872. Two equal circles in parallel planes, divided equidistantly, and connected by threads, form a cone, a cylinder, and two conoids.

Hyperbolic paraboloid, made by Fabre de Lagrange, France, 1872. Formed by strings attached to two bars equally spaced, each turns on an arm perpendicular to itself and one arm swings on a pillar; these arms can be ranged in one plane.

1843

Roth's calculating machine, invented and patented by D.J. Wertheimber in 1843, English currency version,

1994

Poincare Plane mathematical quilt made by Elaine Krajenke Ellison, 1994.

1870-1910

New Hampshire Interest Calculator.

1876-1884

Automatic calculator: Chambon's "Multiplicateur Enfantin" length 6 3/8 inch

1876

Elliptic trammel by W.F. Stanley, London, 1876.

1701-1730

Multiplication table aide memoire, early 18th century. The level of numeracy in England was poor even among gentlemen, as shown by this ivory instrument. It gives the multiplication tables up to 10 with a separate table for 12s.

1878-1900

Bellows' concentric ready reckoner calculators for conversion of the Metric System to British Imperial weights and measures

circa 1925

`Supra Bareme' ready reckoner by F. Savineau, Dijon, c. 1925

1912-1914

Knitted interlacing red, blue and yellow wool, with hexagonal boundaries, by Alexander Crum Brown, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, 1912-1914

1894

Henrici's harmonic analyser made by G. Coradi, 1894, No.3 (with three glass spheres) in case with brush, tommy, and reel of wire

circa 1835

McFarlane calculating cylinder

1701

Large case of mathematical instruments by D. Lusuerg, Rome, Italy, 1701.

Plaster model, after Fresnel, to illustrate the surface of luminous waves - in 3 parts

1995-1996

Parallel-sided coil with remote return tube, the inlet and singularity at the same end. When cut gives a 17-twist Mobius strip.

1995

Variation on the Klein bottle with inlet passing through vessel which when cut forms a pair of single-twist Mobius strips

1999-2000

'Twist & Shout Multiplication' a digital and audio mathematical toy by Leap Frog, a division of Knowledge Kids Enterprises. Complete with packaging, instructions and marked as manufactured in China.

Triple Klein bottle, as item 3), two slices, each 1/6, cut away to form single-twist strips.

Klein bottle cut to form one four- twist band.

Parallel sided coil with one piercing of the return tube which when theoretically cut gives a pair of 15- twist Mobius strips.

1956

Prototype model of a machine invented by Professor F. Soddy for solving cubic equations, Mark III.

1960-1965

Diene's Multi-base Arithmetic Blocks in wood for bases 2,3,4,5 and 10, unsigned probably English, c.1960.

1964

A Cuisenaire 'Numbers in Colour' set, a mathematical teaching aid, by 'The Cuisenaire Company Limited', Reading, England, 1964.

1950-1960

Metal covering for a 'Merkur' gambling 'fruit' or 'slot' machine

1900-1920

Addometer adding machine with 8 stylus-operated dials, made by the Reliable Typewriter and Adding Machine Co., Chicago, in case with instruction sheet.

1760-1811

Elliptic trammels by "Shuttleworth London" with extra bearing for smaller semi-ellipses

1797-1826

Wine diagonal by Stutchbury

circa 1820

Twelve inch wooden rule with tables for multiplication and the conversion of British measures and money, stamped "Bate London", c. 1820

circa 1935

Model of a quadric surface (ellipsoid) with its circular horizontal sections projected onto a horizontal plane

early 18th century

Gunner's calipers, by T.Wright

1713-1750

Five boxwood mathematical models to illustrate John Keill's course of trigonometry and a part made wooden model of a cube; in a mahogany box

1720-1730

Boxwood Coggeshall rule, folding with slide, (12-inch x 1 1/2-inch) c. 1720-1730

1890-1900

"Gem" calculating machine, J. Guthrie's patent No.15062, 1890

1960s

Globetrotter Series ready reckoner calculating rule for mileage between British towns and gallons of petrol against price, by Blundell Rules Limited, Weymouth.

1935

Part of Manchester University Differential Analyser, consisting of 16 feet central frame, 4 integrators, 2 input tables, output table, camera, 1935

circa 1914

Locked cylinder of three interlacing sheets in red, yellow and black leather, with elliptical shapes, by Alexander Crum Brown, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, 1912-1914

1986-1987

Polyhedron model showing the icosahedron and one of its 58 stellations, by John L. Hudson, Nottingham, England, United Kingdom, 1986-1987

early 17th century

Surveyor's sector, Italian, c. 1600, engraved "Adam Heroldt fecit Romae"

Five-layered sphere with added access routes which when cut produces a pair of single -twist Mobius strips.

1974

One replica Quipu

Polar planimeter, Amsler's

1890-1910

Set of tesselating wooden pieces in 3 colours to represent interlacing surfaces, made for Alexander Crum Brown, unsigned, United Kingdom, 1890-1910

Dissected cone, 8 pieces; height 16 3/4 inches

1670-1699

Set of thirty Napier's brass Rods in tin case, (three of the rods signed 'Geo Brown'), by George Brown, Scotland, 1670-1699. From the Library of the Lord Napier and Ettrick (see note).

1974-1980

Seventy six and one hundred and twenty four cardboard pieces shaped like and illustrated with a chicken, and an oblong card illustrated with a bird on one side and an amorphous shape on the other, designed by Professor Roger Penrose, United Kingdom, 1974-1980. The cardboard pieces tile the plane non-periodically.

1962

Circular slide rule to calculate nuclear bomb effects, designed by Lovelace Corporation using data from book "The Effects of Nuclear Weapons" (1962 edition) and made by Lytle Corporation, Albuquerque, New Mexico, plastic in paper envelope with instructions