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Rotative steam engine by Boulton and Watt, 1788.
Boulton and Watt Rotative Beam Engine - the 'Lap' engine. This is the oldest essentially unaltered rotative engine in the world. Built by James Watt in 1788, it incorporates all of his most important steam-engine improvements. The engine was used at Matthew Boulton’s Soho Manufactory in Birmingham, where it drove 43 metal polishing (or ‘lapping’) machines for 70 years.
Print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of a Newcomen Engine
Framed print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of the Newcomen Engine at Griff, 1717, Henry Beighton, England, 1717-1725. This engraving (the original of which was discovered in Worcester College, Oxford, in 1925) is the oldest known illustration of a Newcomen engine.
'Bell-crank' engine, c. 1799
Model Boulton & Watt bell crank engine, c. 1799. The bell-crank engine design was devised for Boulton & Watt by William Murdock, one of their employees. It was the first 'independent' (self-supporting) engine to be built.
Model of William Murdock's Oscillating Engine, 1785.
Original model of William Murdock's Oscillating Cylinder Engine, 1785
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler
100-1 BCE; 1501-1600; 1914
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler based on Sketches in 16th century Manuscripts
Model of Rotative Beam Engine by William Tongue, c. 1804
Model, rotative beam engine, c. 1805, scale 1:8, made by William Tongue, an apprentice with Boulton & Watt from 1797 until 1804. It represents the rotative steam engine as Watt left it upon the expiry of his patents in 1800. Cast iron has replaced timber in the main engine components, and the sun & planet gear has been replaced by a more straightforward crank. The nozzles (valve boxes that controlled the inlet and exhaust of steam at each end of the cylinder) each contain two concentric socket valves of the type introduced by William Murdock after 1800. The eccentric driving the valves was also his improvement.
Model, of Woolf's Water Tube Boiler, 1819
model of Woolf's water tube boiler after A. M. Heron de la Villefosse, De la Richesse Minerale, 1819, scale 1:8, patented 1803. Type built by J & E Hall of Dartford, Kent.
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
Peel, Williams & Peel steam engine
Six-column beam engine, made by Peel, Williams & Peel, Manchester, in 1846 and originally used at Thomas Redfern's file-making factory in Stockport. A small beam engine, complete in itself and built as a free standing unit. Sometimes known as a 'wet bottom' engine due to its condenser tank at the base. Also described as a tank bed engine, with 12" x 20" slide valve cylinder.
National Diesel Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal four-stroke diesel engine with generator and lighting set, made by the National Gas Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, 1928.
Model of Sun and Planet Gearing
Model of sun and planet gearing, made by James Watt ,1782-1784, demonstrating the action designed to produce a rotative motion. Preserved by James Watt & Co.
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler, c. 1806
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging
Watt's second separate condenser, 1765.
Model of cylinder with separate condenser, formerly described as the "original" model.
Model, scale 1:12, of stationary steam boiler, c.1948
Scale 1:12 model of Paxman Economic boiler, as built by Davey, Paxman & Co. Ltd, Colchester, England, c.1910. Model built by John B. Thorp of London, and mounted in display case.
'Haystack' Boiler, 1775-1799
1775-1799 (original); 1900-1907 (model)
Model, scale 1:12, of balloon or haystack boiler
This Lancashire boiler was made in Manchester by W & J Galloway & Sons Ltd in 1889. It was used by bedding manufacturers John Sawtell & Co, where the steam was used to curl feathers for stuffing pillows. Lancashire boilers were often used to power steam engines, but could be used for any task where steam was required. The Lancashire boiler was developed by William Fairbairn in 1844, in an attempt to create a boiler where as much heat as possible from the fire was transferred to the water, and not lost. Two furnace tubes run through the boiler, where the fires would be stoked, and these were surrounded with water for maximum heat transfer. Manchester firm Galloways, who made this boiler, made their boilers even more efficient by adding extra tubes which crossed the furnace tubes to allow more heat transfer. A typical Lancashire boiler would consume six tons of coal per day. Water levels had to be carefully maintained, otherwise the pressure would get too high and cause an explosion.
Collycroft worsted textile mill, 1790
model, scale 1:32, of an 18th century water-powered textile mill; the model is based on drawings of the Collycroft worsted mill, Bedworth, Warwickshire, built c. 1790; interior contains a selection of textile machines employed in various processes; weaving, winding, drawing or doubling, spinning; the machine operators are also shown; the model is finished for viewing from the front only, and is cut away to allow viewing of the interior
National Horizontal Gas Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal gas engine, type KBGE, no. 193552 made by National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, c.1935.
Poncelet's Water Wheel, 1824
1824 (original); 1891 (model)
Model, (scale 1:10), of Poncelet's Undershot water-wheel in masonry pit with rack and pinion operated sluice, on base board. Original by Jean Victor Poncelet, 1824, model by Regnard Frères, 59 rue Bayen, Paris, France, 1891.
Parsons' steam turbine generator, 1884.
Parsons' original Steam Turbine generator, with spare guide ring and fan, by Clarke, Chapman, Parsons & Co.,1884
'Wagon' Boiler, 19th Century
1801-1840 (original); 1901 (model)
model, scale 1:12, of a 20 hp wagon boiler, 1801-1840.
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valv
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valve, 1961
Maudslay Oscillating Engine
Original model of Maudslay Oscillating Engine, thought to have been made by Henry Maudslay for pumping water in the early years of the 19th century.
Crossley Type IHD4 Diesel Engine
Four-stroke diesel engine, Type IHD4, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1960. Used at the Tameside Collecge of Technology for testing different engine loads.
AEI Turbine Generator Model
Model of 50,000 MW back-pressure-geared turbine generator, made at the AEI Apprentice Training School in Manchester.
Dobbie-McInnes Pressure and Velocity Recorder (Con
Dobbie-McInnes Pressure and Velocity Recorder (Continuously-recording Indicator)
Robey Portable Steam Engine, c. 1938
Model of a single-cylinder Robey portable steam engine and boiler. Scale 1:8, with wooden frame.
Inverted Vertical Steam Engine, 1848-1850
Model, or small example, of Nasmyth's steam hammer, or inverted, type of engine, 1848-1850, single cylinder.
Model of Galloway boiler, 1890, scale 1:12. This modification of the Lancashire boiler was patented by William and John Galloway in 1851
Crossley Brothers Atmospheric Gas Engine
Vertical single-cylinder atmospheric gas engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Openshaw, Manchester, c.1874. No 1224. Two flywheel cylinder atmospheric free piston gas engine. Two flywheels with ratchet gear on driving shaft which allows the piston and rack to be blown up by the expulsion of gas in the cylinder, and the piston falling by vacuum and its own weight, drives the flywheels as the ratchet engines. This was the first type of internal combustion engine to compress the explosive mixture before firing it. Label embossed on engine shaft: "Otto Langen & Crossley's Patents Crossley Bros Manchester Sole English & Colonial Makers".
Fourneyron Turbine, 1837
Model, scale 1:2, of Fourneyron's outward-flow type water turbine, erected at Sankt Blasien, Freiburg, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, 1837. Of type introduced 1827.
Willans Three-crank High Speed Steam Engine, 1884
Willans 3-cylinder high speed compound engine, no. 369, 1884
Bisschop single-cylinder Vertical Gas Engine
Bisschop single-cylinder vertical gas engine, no. 927B, made by J. E. H. Andrews, Stockport, 1882.
"Trevithick" type return flue steam boiler of cast
"Trevithick" type return flue steam boiler of cast iron, with enclosed cylinder, the whole constituted originally a portable engine. Built by Oak Farm Ironworks, Dudley, c.1845.
W. H. Bailey & Co Hot-Air Engine
Hot-air engine made by Sir W. H. Bailey & Co. Ltd, Salford, c. 1880. Made to Lehmann's patent. Horizontal pistons with crankshaft overhead, flywheel a one side. Water circulating pump, rocking levels for hot and displacement pistons. Large cast iron closed cylinders at the back which was built into the fire box. Brick fire box with cast iron doors and chimney. Fuel for heating could be anything that could burn. Centrifugal governor with ball weights to control speed. This engine was originally purchased by Lt. Col. Sir William Starkey of Norwood Park, Southwell, Nottinghamshire in 1880, and was later returned in about 1965 to W. H. Bailey & Co. Ltd.
Crossley Horizontal Single-cylinder Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder four-stroke cycle gas engine made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1886. Serial number 15040. Used in an Edinburgh foundry. This was the first type of internal-combustion engine to work on Otto's four-stroke principle, patented in 1876, and is thus the direct ancestor of present-day piston internal-combustion engines.
Three photographs of Trevithick Type Boiler and En
Three photographs of Trevithick Type Boiler and Engine of about 1803-4, in one frame
Vertical Steam Engine, 1891
14 hp vertical, single-cylinder, Marshall Steam Engine (made by Messrs. Marshall of Gainsborough, for Imperial Institute in 1891 and transferred to Kew Gardens in 1903)
Mirrlees, Bickerton & Day Diesel Engine
Three-cylinder air-blast vertical diesel-injection engine, no.46724/27, made by Mirrlees, Bickerton & Day Ltd, Stockport, 1927.
Richard's patent steam engine indicator in wooden box
A Richard's patent steam engine indicator in wooden box; made by Elliott Bros., London
Haydock Colliery Steam Engine
Single-cylinder condensing beam engine, made in about 1830 and latterly used at Haydock Colliery. This engine is thought to have been made for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company for use as a winding engine at Edge Hill. From about 1860, until it was taken out of service in 1950, this engine provided power for the woodworking shop at the Richard Evans Colliery maintenance depot at Haydock. Beam engine with 'D' slide valves, Parallel motion condenser, air pumps, Watt type about 15' long, flywheel 15' diameter in segments and arms with gear drive round rim. Erected at Haydock in 1863 to drive the saw mill of Richard Evans Colliery Maintenance department.
National Diesel Engine Model
Sectioned working model of a single-cylinder diesel engine, made by the National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, c.1930.
Triple-expansion Engine driving two dynamos, c. 1930
1930 (original); 1984 (model)
Model, scale 1:12?, of triple expansion enclosed force lubricated steam engine and generator made by Belliss and Morcom Ltd., c. 1930
Vertical Compound Steam Engine with Hackworth's Valve Gear, 1898
model of inverted compound steam engine fitted with Hackworth's valve gear, scale 1:6, original made by the Brush Co for the City Road Substation of the County of London Electric Supply Co.
Undershot water wheel used to power a paper mill in Pool-in-Wharfedale, near Leeds.
Model flash steam plant
Model flash steam plant by Bert Martin, Southampton, Hampshire, England, 1935
Vertical Reciprocating Steam Engine Model
Beam engine model, made by Watkins & Hill, 1818-1851. This model was exhibited by the maker, Wakins & Hill, at the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations in London, 1851. It was later owned by Colonel George John Miller Ridehalgh, who added a plaque with his name and the name of his property, Fell Foot, between 1859 when he purchesed the property, and 1892 when he died. The model is sectioned to show the inner workings of a beam engine, and can be operated to show the movement of the internal components.