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Rotative steam engine by Boulton and Watt, 1788
Boulton and Watt Rotative Beam Engine - the 'Lap' engine. This is the oldest essentially unaltered rotative engine in the world. Built by James Watt in 1788, it incorporates all of his most important steam-engine improvements. The engine was used at Matthew Boulton’s Soho Manufactory in Birmingham, where it drove 43 metal polishing (or ‘lapping’) machines for 70 years.
Vertical Compound Steam Engine with Hackworth's Valve Gear, 1898
model of inverted compound steam engine fitted with Hackworth's valve gear, scale 1:6, original made by the Brush Co for the City Road Substation of the County of London Electric Supply Co.
Print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of a Newcomen Engine
Framed print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of the Newcomen Engine at Griff, 1717, Henry Beighton, England, 1717-1725. This engraving (the original of which was discovered in Worcester College, Oxford, in 1925) is the oldest known illustration of a Newcomen engine.
Parsons' steam turbine generator, 1884.
Parsons' original Steam Turbine generator, with spare guide ring and fan, by Clarke, Chapman, Parsons & Co.,1884
'Bell-crank' engine, c. 1799
Model Boulton & Watt bell crank engine, c. 1799. The bell-crank engine design was devised for Boulton & Watt by William Murdock, one of their employees. It was the first 'independent' (self-supporting) engine to be built.
'Haystack' Boiler, 1775-1799
1775-1799 (original); 1900-1907 (model)
Model, scale 1:12, of balloon or haystack boiler
Atmospheric Engine by John Smeaton, 1772
1772 (original); 1919 (model)
working model, sectioned, scale 1:12, John Smeaton's atmospheric engine at Long Benton Colliery, 1772
Model, of Woolf's Water Tube Boiler, 1819
model of Woolf's water tube boiler after A. M. Heron de la Villefosse, De la Richesse Minerale, 1819, scale 1:8, patented 1803. Type built by J & E Hall of Dartford, Kent.
'Wagon' Boiler, 19th Century
1801-1840 (original); 1901 (model)
model, scale 1:12, of a 20 hp wagon boiler, 1801-1840.
Model of Rotative Beam Engine by William Tongue, c. 1804
Model, rotative beam engine, c. 1805, scale 1:8, made by William Tongue, an apprentice with Boulton & Watt from 1797 until 1804. It represents the rotative steam engine as Watt left it upon the expiry of his patents in 1800. Cast iron has replaced timber in the main engine components, and the sun & planet gear has been replaced by a more straightforward crank. The nozzles (valve boxes that controlled the inlet and exhaust of steam at each end of the cylinder) each contain two concentric socket valves of the type introduced by William Murdock after 1800. The eccentric driving the valves was also his improvement.
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
Vacuum Gauge by Boulton and Watt
Vacuum gauge associated by Boulton and Watt, for measuring the pressure in the cylinder or condenser of their steam engines.
Columnar Engine, 1862
Small columnar engine built by the company of Maudslay, Sons & Field, to drive their models displayed at the London International Exhibition, 1862.
Sectional Model of a Beam Engine, 1866.
Sectional model of independent 'cabinet' beam engine by Boulton, Watt & Co., comprising a copy in wood of inv. 1858-1.
Model of William Murdock's Oscillating Engine, 1785.
Original model of William Murdock's Oscillating Cylinder Engine, 1785
Peel, Williams & Peel steam engine
Six-column beam engine, made by Peel, Williams & Peel, Manchester, in 1846 and originally used at Thomas Redfern's file-making factory in Stockport. A small beam engine, complete in itself and built as a free standing unit. Sometimes known as a 'wet bottom' engine due to its condenser tank at the base. Also described as a tank bed engine, with 12" x 20" slide valve cylinder.
Bell-crank Engine by Boulton and Watt, c. 1810.
Bell-crank condensing steam engine with one vertical double-acting cylinder, early 19th century
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler excluding flywheel
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging (without flywheel)
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile
100-1 BCE; 1501-1600; 1914
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler based on Sketches in 16th century Manuscripts
National Diesel Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal four-stroke diesel engine with generator and lighting set, made by the National Gas Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, 1928.
Watt's second separate condenser, 1765.
Model of cylinder with separate condenser, formerly described as the "original" model.
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valve
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valve, 1961
Vertical Steam Engine, 1891
14 hp vertical, single-cylinder, Marshall Steam Engine (made by Messrs. Marshall of Gainsborough, for Imperial Institute in 1891 and transferred to Kew Gardens in 1903)
Mirrlees, Bickerton & Day Diesel Engine
Three-cylinder air-blast vertical diesel-injection engine, no.46724/27, made by Mirrlees, Bickerton & Day Ltd, Stockport, 1927.
Sectioned Maihak Indicator, Type S, with accessories
Sectioned Maihak Indicator Type S with accessories, in fitted wooden carrying case, plus display mount.
Crossley Horizontal Single-cylinder Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder four-stroke cycle gas engine made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1886. Serial number 15040. Used in an Edinburgh foundry. This was the first type of internal-combustion engine to work on Otto's four-stroke principle, patented in 1876, and is thus the direct ancestor of present-day piston internal-combustion engines. A general arrangement drawing for the engine is held in the archive.
Newcomen Atmospheric Engine
Newcomen Engine built by Francis Thompson of Ashover near Chesterfield 1791. Re-erected in house built with materials taken from the engine house at Pentrich, Derbyshire, where it was last worked
Lieuvain's patent 1866 needle lubricator for shafting &c.
Lieuvain's patent 1866 needle lubricator for shafting &c., globular container
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler, c. 1806
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging
Model flash steam plant by Bert Martin
Model flash steam plant by Bert Martin, Southampton, Hampshire, England, 1935
This Lancashire boiler was made in Manchester by W & J Galloway & Sons Ltd in 1889. It was used by bedding manufacturers John Sawtell & Co, where the steam was used to curl feathers for stuffing pillows. Lancashire boilers were often used to power steam engines, but could be used for any task where steam was required. The Lancashire boiler was developed by William Fairbairn in 1844, in an attempt to create a boiler where as much heat as possible from the fire was transferred to the water, and not lost. Two furnace tubes run through the boiler, where the fires would be stoked, and these were surrounded with water for maximum heat transfer. Manchester firm Galloways, who made this boiler, made their boilers even more efficient by adding extra tubes which crossed the furnace tubes to allow more heat transfer. A typical Lancashire boiler would consume six tons of coal per day. Water levels had to be carefully maintained, otherwise the pressure would get too high and cause an explosion.
Horizontal Tandem Compound Engine, c. 1910
model, scale 1:12, of horizontal tandem compound condensing engine, c. 1910
Crossley Brothers Atmospheric Gas Engine
Vertical single-cylinder atmospheric gas engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Openshaw, Manchester, c.1874. No 1224. Two flywheel cylinder atmospheric free piston gas engine. Two flywheels with ratchet gear on driving shaft which allows the piston and rack to be blown up by the expulsion of gas in the cylinder, and the piston falling by vacuum and its own weight, drives the flywheels as the ratchet engines. This was the first type of internal combustion engine to compress the explosive mixture before firing it. Label embossed on engine shaft: "Otto Langen & Crossley's Patents Crossley Bros Manchester Sole English & Colonial Makers".
Pre-production model of a Howden HWP 300 Wind Turbine and Landrover
Sectioned scale 1:40 model of a Howden HWP 300 Wind Turbine, by Angus Model Makers, Glasgow, Scotland, with a 1:43 scale model of a Landrover vehicle & human figure, by Vitesse, Portugal, 1980-1983. The tubine model was constructed prior to production of the real object, which was installed at Burgar Hill, Orkney, on 20 October 1983.
High Speed Vertical Steam Engine, c. 1900
Model Robey open type single cylinder vertical high speed steam engine, scale 1:4.
Two drawings of the Elsecar Pumping Engine
Two drawings of the Elsecar Pumping Engine, Earl Fitzwilliam's Collieries; (a) End view and plan; (b) Side view. Framed in Museum (one frame) scale 1:24.
Crossley gas engine
Gas engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Openshaw, Manchester, c.1920. Originally used to generate electricity at Nantwich Gas Works. No 108885, B.H.32 at 325 R.P.H. Includes archive material documented in Adlib.
Undershot water wheel used to power a paper mill in Pool-in-Wharfedale, near Leeds.
Beam engine and associated component
Six column beam engine, unsigned, British, 1820-1840, and used by JA & W Lyon, Bleachers, Leo Street, Peckham, to drive a set of drying rolls, 1836-1905.
AEI Turbine Generator Model
Model of 50,000 MW back-pressure-geared turbine generator, made at the AEI Apprentice Training School in Manchester.
National Horizontal Gas Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal gas engine, type KBGE, no. 193552 made by National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, c.1935.
Two Clupet Piston Rings, patented by B. Clews and
One Clupet Piston Rings, patented by B. Clews and H.M. Peterson in 1919, viz: 1 for 5 1/2" diam. cyl. and 1 for 2 1/2" diam. cyl.
Inverted Vertical Steam Engine, 1848-1850
Model, or small example, of Nasmyth's steam hammer, or inverted, type of engine, 1848-1850, single cylinder.
Chadwick Vertical Steam Engine
Single-cylinder vertical engine, made by John Chadwick, Manchester, c.1860.
Model, scale 1:12, of stationary steam boiler, c.1948
Scale 1:12 model of Paxman Economic boiler, as built by Davey, Paxman & Co. Ltd, Colchester, England, c.1910. Model built by John B. Thorp of London, and mounted in display case.
Brush Ljungstrom radial-flow steam turbine, made by Brush Electrical Engineering Ltd, Loughborough, 1956.
Drawing of Newcomen engine at Caprington Colliery
Drawing of Newcomen engine at Caprington Colliery, nr Kilmarnock
Amsler's planimeter by Elliott
Amsler's planimeter by Elliott, with arrangement for giving directly the mean heights of indicator diagrams