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Rotative steam engine by Boulton and Watt, 1788.
Boulton and Watt Rotative Beam Engine - the 'Lap' engine. This is the oldest essentially unaltered rotative engine in the world. Built by James Watt in 1788, it incorporates all of his most important steam-engine improvements. The engine was used at Matthew Boulton’s Soho Manufactory in Birmingham, where it drove 43 metal polishing (or ‘lapping’) machines for 70 years.
Print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of a Newcomen Engine
Framed print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of the Newcomen Engine at Griff, 1717, Henry Beighton, England, 1717-1725. This engraving (the original of which was discovered in Worcester College, Oxford, in 1925) is the oldest known illustration of a Newcomen engine.
Parsons' steam turbine generator, 1884.
Parsons' original Steam Turbine generator with spare guide ring and fan 1884
Model of Rotative Beam Engine by William Tongue, c. 1804
Model, rotative beam engine, c. 1805, scale 1:8, made by William Tongue, an apprentice with Boulton & Watt from 1797 until 1804. It represents the rotative steam engine as Watt left it upon the expiry of his patents in 1800. Cast iron has replaced timber in the main engine components, and the sun & planet gear has been replaced by a more straightforward crank. The nozzles (valve boxes that controlled the inlet and exhaust of steam at each end of the cylinder) each contain two concentric socket valves of the type introduced by William Murdock after 1800. The eccentric driving the valves was also his improvement.
Model, of Woolf's Water Tube Boiler, 1819
model of Woolf's water tube boiler after A. M. Heron de la Villefosse, De la Richesse Minerale, 1819, scale 1:8, patented 1803. Type built by J & E Hall of Dartford, Kent.
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
Model of Sun and Planet Gearing
Model of sun and planet gearing, made by James Watt ,1782-1784, demonstrating the action designed to produce a rotative motion. Preserved by James Watt & Co.
National Diesel Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal four-stroke diesel engine with generator and lighting set, made by the National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, 1928.
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler, c. 1806
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging
Model, scale 1:12, of stationary steam boiler, c.1948
Scale 1:12 model of Paxman Economic boiler, as built by Davey, Paxman & Co. Ltd, Colchester, England, c.1910. Model built by John B. Thorp of London, and mounted in display case.
Metropolitan-Vickers Steam turbine and Generator
Steam turbine and generator, made by Metropolitan-Vickers Electrical Co. Ltd, Trafford Park, 1937-8, with accompanying copies of original General Arrangement and Assembly Drawings used during the refurbishment of the turbine. Originally used to generate electricity for a brickworks, removed by Metro-Vicks apprentices and used for training purposes. Output through the alternator is 375kVA, equivalent to c.300 Kilowatts, three-phase power, or equivalent to 300 single-bar electric fires. The turbine is c. 400 horsepower, about as much as five small cars.
This Lancashire boiler was made in Manchester by W & J Galloway & Sons Ltd in 1889. It was used by bedding manufacturers John Sawtell & Co, where the steam was used to curl feathers for stuffing pillows. Lancashire boilers were often used to power steam engines, but could be used for any task where steam was required. The Lancashire boiler was developed by William Fairbairn in 1844, in an attempt to create a boiler where as much heat as possible from the fire was transferred to the water, and not lost. Two furnace tubes run through the boiler, where the fires would be stoked, and these were surrounded with water for maximum heat transfer. Manchester firm Galloways, who made this boiler, made their boilers even more efficient by adding extra tubes which crossed the furnace tubes to allow more heat transfer. A typical Lancashire boiler would consume six tons of coal per day. Water levels had to be carefully maintained, otherwise the pressure would get too high and cause an explosion.
Watt's second separate condenser, 1765.
Model of cylinder with separate condenser, formerly described as the "original" model.
Vertical Steam Engine, 1891
14 hp vertical, single-cylinder, Marshall Steam Engine (made by Messrs. Marshall of Gainsborough, for Imperial Institute in 1891 and transferred to Kew Gardens in 1903)
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valv
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valve, 1961
Brush Ljungstrom radial-flow steam turbine, made by Brush Electrical Engineering Ltd, Loughborough, 1956.
Haydock Colliery Steam Engine
Single-cylinder condensing beam engine, made in about 1830 and latterly used at Haydock Colliery. This engine is thought to have been made for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company for use as a winding engine at Edge Hill. From about 1860, until it was taken out of service in 1950, this engine provided power for the woodworking shop at the Richard Evans Colliery maintenance depot at Haydock. Beam engine with 'D' slide valves, Parallel motion condenser, air pumps, Watt type about 15' long, flywheel 15' diameter in segments and arms with gear drive round rim. Erected at Haydock in 1863 to drive the saw mill of Richard Evans Colliery Maintenance department.
AEI Turbine Generator Model
Model of 50,000 MW back-pressure-geared turbine generator, made at the AEI Apprentice Training School in Manchester.
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler
100-1 BCE; 1501-1600; 1914
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler based on Sketches in 16th century Manuscripts
Willans Three-crank High Speed Steam Engine, 1884
Willans 3-cylinder high speed compound engine, no. 369, 1884
Fourneyron Turbine, 1837
Model, scale 1:2, of Fourneyron's outward-flow type water turbine, erected at Sankt Blasien, Freiburg, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, 1837. Of type introduced 1827.
McInnes-Dobbie steam engine indicator
1888 (design date)
McInnes-Dobbie steam engine indicator, McInnes-Dobbie Limited, London, England. Design No.1 of 1888; external spring. No. 2618
Crossley Type IHD4 Diesel Engine
Diesel test engine Type IHD4, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1960.
Firgrove Mill Steam Engine
Firgrove Mill tandem compound condensing engine, made by J. & W. McNaught, Rochdale, c.1907.
Collycroft worsted textile mill, 1790
model, scale 1:32, of an 18th century water-powered textile mill; the model is based on drawings of the Collycroft worsted mill, Bedworth, Warwickshire, built c. 1790; interior contains a selection of textile machines employed in various processes; weaving, winding, drawing or doubling, spinning; the machine operators are also shown; the model is finished for viewing from the front only, and is cut away to allow viewing of the interior
Undershot water wheel used to power a paper mill in Pool-in-Wharfedale, near Leeds.
Early compound beam engine
Compound Condensing Beam Engine 8" & 16" diam. x 17 7/8" & 26" stroke respectively, boiler feed pumps with plunger and Spare engine piston ring and parcel of small spare parts, by Thomas Horn, Engineer, Westminster, London, England, 1860 used at Ifield Sussex
Standard pressure test gauge in case, marked "John Dewrance & Co., London
A standard pressure test gauge in case, marked "John Dewrance & Co., London"
Crossley Brothers Gas Engine
Vertical single-cylinder atmospheric gas engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Openshaw, Manchester, c.1874. No 1224. Two flywheel cylinder atmospheric free piston gas engine. Two flywheels with ratchet gear on driving shaft which allows the piston and rack to be blown up by the expulsion of gas in the cylinder, and the piston falling by vacuum and its own weight, drives the flywheels as the ratchet engines. This was the first type of internal combustion engine to compress the explosive mixture before firing it. Label embossed on engine shaft: "Otto Langen & Crossley's Patents Crossley Bros Manchester Sole English & Colonial Makers".
Isaac Storey & Sons steam engine indicator
Steam engine indicator, made by Isaac Storey & Sons Ltd., Manchester between 1862 and 1910. The box contains a graph showing the use of the indicator. The graph is on headed paper from John Musgrave and Sons of Globe Ironworks, Bolton.
100 K.W. Parsons' Radial Flow Steam Turbine alternator with Generator, partly sectioned
100 K.W. Radial Flow Steam Turbine alternator with Generator, by C. A. Parsons and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England, United Kingdom, 1891. Partly sectioned; (Radial flow, for the Cambridge Electric Supply Company installed in 1892)
Single-cylinder Oil Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder oil engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1894. Single cylinder heavy oil engine, a four stroke principle, horizontal type, with cylinder over hung at rear. Feed oil tank contained in base of casting so this was a self contained unit except for water to cool it.
Maihak engine indicator No.21675 with accessories
Maihak engine indicator No.21675 with accessories in fitted case
Maudslay Oscillating Engine
Original model of Maudslay Oscillating Engine, thought to have been made by Henry Maudslay for pumping water in the early years of the 19th century.
W. H. Bailey Hot-Air Engine
Vertical hot-air engine, made by Sir W. H. Bailey and Co. Ltd, Manchester, c.1880.
Two Clupet Piston Rings, patented by B. Clews and
One Clupet Piston Rings, patented by B. Clews and H.M. Peterson in 1919, viz: 1 for 5 1/2" diam. cyl. and 1 for 2 1/2" diam. cyl.
Pre-production model of a Howden HWP 300 Wind Turbine and Landrover
Sectioned scale 1:40 model of a Howden HWP 300 Wind Turbine, by Angus Model Makers, Glasgow, Scotland, with a 1:43 scale model of a Landrover vehicle & human figure, by Vitesse, Portugal, 1980-1983. The tubine model was constructed prior to production of the real object, which was installed at Burgar Hill, Orkney, on 20 October 1983.
Model, of a Marshall Class MP single cylinder steam engine
A model of a Marshall Class MP single cylinder horizontal engine used for electrical power and lighting generation c.1896. Model built 1970-1978.
Robey Portable Steam Engine, c. 1938
Model of a single-cylinder Robey portable steam engine and boiler. Scale 1:8, with wooden frame.
Model of Galloway boiler, 1890, scale 1:12. This modification of the Lancashire boiler was patented by William and John Galloway in 1851
Overshot Water Wheel, mid 19th Century
Model, scale 1:10, of overshot waterwheel with two part ventilated bucket, timber framed, unknown maker, Freiburg, Germany, 1834-1866.
Mirrlees, Bickerton & Day Diesel Engine
Three-cylinder air-blast vertical diesel-injection engine, no.46724/27, made by Mirrlees, Bickerton & Day Ltd, Stockport, 1927.
Poncelet's Water Wheel, 1824
1824 (original); 1891 (model)
Model, (scale 1:10), of Poncelet's Undershot water-wheel in masonry pit with rack and pinion operated sluice, on base board. Original by Jean Victor Poncelet, 1824, model by Regnard Frères, 59 rue Bayen, Paris, France, 1891.
Elm Street Mill Cross-Compound Steam Engine
Horizontal cross-compound condensing uniflow engine, made by Galloways Ltd, Manchester, for Elm Street Mill, Burnley, 1926. Elm Street Mill was a ‘Room and Power’ mill, which means that different companies could hire a space with heating and lighting in the mill and link their machines up to the engine for their power supply. The engine also drove the alternator to generate electricity to light the mill. With associated archive material.
National Diesel Engine Model
Sectioned working model of a single-cylinder diesel engine, made by the National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, c.1930.
Drawing of the "Old Sarah" engine, Newmarket, Silk
Drawing of the "Old Sarah" engine, Newmarket, Silkstone Colliery, near Leeds. Side view and end view, scale 1:24