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Rotative steam engine by Boulton and Watt, 1788.
Boulton and Watt Rotative Beam Engine - the 'Lap' engine. This is the oldest essentially unaltered rotative engine in the world. Built by James Watt in 1788, it incorporates all of his most important steam-engine improvements. The engine was used at Matthew Boulton’s Soho Manufactory in Birmingham, where it drove 43 metal polishing (or ‘lapping’) machines for 70 years.
Parsons' steam turbine generator, 1884.
Parsons' original Steam Turbine generator with spare guide ring and fan 1884
Print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of a Newcomen Engine
Framed print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of the Newcomen Engine at Griff, 1717, Henry Beighton, England, 1717-1725. This engraving (the original of which was discovered in Worcester College, Oxford, in 1925) is the oldest known illustration of a Newcomen engine.
Model of Rotative Beam Engine by William Tongue, c. 1804
Model, rotative beam engine, c. 1805, scale 1:8, made by William Tongue, an apprentice with Boulton & Watt from 1797 until 1804. It represents the rotative steam engine as Watt left it upon the expiry of his patents in 1800. Cast iron has replaced timber in the main engine components, and the sun & planet gear has been replaced by a more straightforward crank. The nozzles (valve boxes that controlled the inlet and exhaust of steam at each end of the cylinder) each contain two concentric socket valves of the type introduced by William Murdock after 1800. The eccentric driving the valves was also his improvement.
Maudslay Oscillating Engine
Original model of Maudslay Oscillating Engine, thought to have been made by Henry Maudslay for pumping water in the early years of the 19th century.
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler, c. 1806
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging
Woolf's Water Tube Boiler, 1819
model of Woolf's water tube boiler after A. M. Heron de la Villefosse, De la Richesse Minerale, 1819, scale 1:8, patented 1803
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
Model of Sun and Planet Gearing
Model of sun and planet gearing, made by James Watt ,1782-1784, demonstrating the action designed to produce a rotative motion. Preserved by James Watt & Co.
Overtype Compound Steam Engine
model, scale 1:12, of Garrett overtype compound steam engine, on base. The model represents an engine of 270 h.p. which Richard Garrett & Sons exhibited at the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley in 1924.
National Diesel Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal four-stroke diesel engine with generator and lighting set, made by the National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, 1928.
Firgrove Mill Steam Engine
Firgrove Mill tandem compound condensing engine, made by J. & W. McNaught, Rochdale, c.1907.
Willans Central-valve High Speed Steam Engine, 1901
working model, scale 1:4, of Willan's central valve engine, 1901, used for driving Crompton dynamo. Sectioned through one cylinder and crank case.
Watt's second separate condenser, 1765.
Model of cylinder with separate condenser, formerly described as the "original" model.
Mirrlees, Bickerton & Day Diesel Engine
Three-cylinder air-blast vertical diesel-injection engine, no.46724/27, made by Mirrlees, Bickerton & Day Ltd, Stockport, 1927.
W. H. Bailey & Co Hot-Air Engine
Hot-air engine made by Sir W. H. Bailey & Co. Ltd, Salford, c. 1880. Horizontal pistons with crankshaft overhead, flywheel a one side. Water circulating pump, rocking levels for hot and displacement pistons. Large cast iron closed cylinders at the back which was built into the fire box. Brick fire box with cast iron doors and chimney. Fuel for heating could be anything that could burn. Centrifugal governor with ball weights to control speed.
Crossley Horizontal Single-cylinder Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder four-stroke cycle gas engine made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1886. Used in Edinburgh foundry. This was the first type of internal-combustion engine to work on Otto's four-stroke principle, patented in 1876, and is thus the direct ancestor of present-day piston internal-combustion engines.
Vertical Steam Engine, 1891
14 hp vertical, single-cylinder, Marshall Steam Engine (made by Messrs. Marshall of Gainsborough, for Imperial Institute in 1891 and transferred to Kew Gardens in 1903)
Three photographic prints of Newcomen Engine 27.4
Three photographic prints of Newcomen Engine 27.4 in diam. cylinder by 6ft stroke at Fairbottom near Ashton under Lyne, believed to have been built about 1750. In one mount framed in Museum
Two drawings of the Elsecar Pumping Engine, Earl Fitzwilliam's Collieries
Two drawings of the Elsecar Pumping Engine, Earl Fitzwilliam's Collieries; (a) End view and plan; (b) Side view. Framed in Museum (one frame) scale 1:24.
Metropolitan-Vickers Steam turbine and Generator
Steam turbine and generator, made by Metropolitan-Vickers Electrical Co. Ltd, Trafford Park, 1937-8, with accompanying copies of original General Arrangement and Assembly Drawings used during the refurbishment of the turbine. Originally used to generate electricity for a brickworks, removed by Metro-Vicks apprentices and used for training purposes. Output through the alternator is 375kVA, equivalent to c.300 Kilowatts, three-phase power, or equivalent to 300 single-bar electric fires. The turbine is c. 400 horsepower, about as much as five small cars.
This Lancashire boiler was made in Manchester by W & J Galloway & Sons Ltd in 1889. It was used by bedding manufacturers John Sawtell & Co, where the steam was used to curl feathers for stuffing pillows. Lancashire boilers were often used to power steam engines, but could be used for any task where steam was required. The Lancashire boiler was developed by William Fairbairn in 1844, in an attempt to create a boiler where as much heat as possible from the fire was transferred to the water, and not lost. Two furnace tubes run through the boiler, where the fires would be stoked, and these were surrounded with water for maximum heat transfer. Manchester firm Galloways, who made this boiler, made their boilers even more efficient by adding extra tubes which crossed the furnace tubes to allow more heat transfer. A typical Lancashire boiler would consume six tons of coal per day. Water levels had to be carefully maintained, otherwise the pressure would get too high and cause an explosion.
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler
100-1 BCE; 1501-1600; 1914
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler based on Sketches in 16th century Manuscripts
Five photo prints on one mount, labelled, of the N
Five photo prints on one mount, labelled, of the Newcomen Winding and Pumping Engine built 1810 for Farme Colliery, Rutherglen
Model flash steam plant
Model flash steam plant by Bert Martin, Southampton, Hampshire, England, 1935
Isaac Storey & Sons steam engine indicator
Steam engine indicator, made by Isaac Storey & Sons Ltd., Manchester between 1862 and 1910. The box contains a graph showing the use of the indicator. The graph is on headed paper from John Musgrave and Sons of Globe Ironworks, Bolton.
Model, scale 1:12, of stationary steam boiler, c.1948
Scale 1:12 model of Paxman Economic boiler, as built by Davey, Paxman & Co. Ltd, Colchester, England, c.1910. Model built by John B. Thorp of London, and mounted in display case.
Crossley Brothers Gas Engine
Vertical single-cylinder atmospheric gas engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Openshaw, Manchester, c.1874. No 1224. Two flywheel cylinder atmospheric free piston gas engine. Two flywheels with ratchet gear on driving shaft which allows the piston and rack to be blown up by the expulsion of gas in the cylinder, and the piston falling by vacuum and its own weight, drives the flywheels as the ratchet engines. This was the first type of internal combustion engine to compress the explosive mixture before firing it. Label embossed on engine shaft: "Otto Langen & Crossley's Patents Crossley Bros Manchester Sole English & Colonial Makers".
Smeaton's Apparatus for Determining the Efficiency of Water Wheels
1988 (model); 1752 (original)
Facsimile model, scale 1:1, of John Smeaton's Water Wheel apparatus for "An Experimental Enquiry concerning the Natural Powers of Water and Wind to turn Mills..." (Phil Trans. Vol L1, 1759), after the original made in 1752. Model by John Horniblow, England, 1988.
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valv
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valve, 1961
Kenotometer by Brady & Martin Ltd., Newcastle-upon
Kenotometer by Brady & Martin Ltd., Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Pelton Water Turbine
Pelton water turbine, made by Gilkes & Gordon Ltd, Kendal, c.1955.
diesel internal-combustion engine
Four-cylinder diesel engine, type 4L2, made by L. Gardner & Sons Ltd, Manchester, c. 1932.
Pre-production model of a Howden HWP 300 Wind Turbine and Landrover
Sectioned scale 1:40 model of a Howden HWP 300 Wind Turbine, by Angus Model Makers, Glasgow, Scotland, with a 1:43 scale model of a Landrover vehicle & human figure, by Vitesse, Portugal, 1980-1983. The tubine model was constructed prior to production of the real object, which was installed at Burgar Hill, Orkney, on 20 October 1983.
Model of breast water wheel with pentrough sluice
Model of breast water wheel with pentrough sluice
Two photo prints of a Newcomen Colliery Winding En
Two photo prints of a Newcomen Colliery Winding Engine made and used at Coalbrookdale about 1790. Mounted, framed and glazed in Museum
Drawing of Newcomen engine at Caprington Colliery,
Drawing of Newcomen engine at Caprington Colliery, nr Kilmarnock
Single-cylinder Oil Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder oil engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1894. Single cylinder heavy oil engine, a four stroke principle, horizontal type, with cylinder over hung at rear. Feed oil tank contained in base of casting so this was a self contained unit except for water to cool it.
Robey Portable Steam Engine, c. 1938
Model of a single-cylinder Robey portable steam engine and boiler. Scale 1:8, with wooden frame.
Model of Bourn Windmill, Cambridgeshire, 1601-1625
Model of Bourn Windmill, Cambridgeshire (1:16), c. 1636 conjecturally in its original form, scale three quarters of an inch to one foot.
Samuel Clegg Steam Engine Model
Beam engine model of vertical single-cylinder engine, made by Samuel Clegg of Manchester, c.1825.
Watt's Pumping Engine 'Old Bess', 1777
1777 (original); 1894 (model)
working model, scale 1:12?, of the "Old Bess" pumping engine
Maihak engine indicator No.7077 with accessories i
Maihak engine indicator No.7077 with accessories in fitted case
Model of a Hawthorn Davey Safety Domestic Engine a
1985, replica; c. 1885, original
Model of a Hawthorn Davey Safety Domestic Engine and Boiler c1885, model made 1985.
'Haystack' Boiler, 1775-1799
1775-1799 (original); 1900-1907 (model)
Model, scale 1:12, of balloon or haystack boiler
Bisschop single-cylinder Vertical Gas Engine
Bisschop single-cylinder vertical gas engine, no. 927B, made by J. E. H. Andrews, Stockport, 1882.
100 K.W. Parsons' Radial Flow Steam Turbine alternator with Generator, partly sectioned
100 K.W. Radial Flow Steam Turbine alternator with Generator, by C. A. Parsons and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England, United Kingdom, 1891. Partly sectioned; (Radial flow, for the Cambridge Electric Supply Company installed in 1892)