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Rotative steam engine by Boulton and Watt, 1788.
Boulton and Watt Rotative Beam Engine - the 'Lap' engine. This is the oldest essentially unaltered rotative engine in the world. Built by James Watt in 1788, it incorporates all of his most important steam-engine improvements. The engine was used at Matthew Boulton’s Soho Manufactory in Birmingham, where it drove 43 metal polishing (or ‘lapping’) machines for 70 years.
Print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of a Newcomen Engine
Framed print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of the Newcomen Engine at Griff, 1717, Henry Beighton, England, 1717-1725. This engraving (the original of which was discovered in Worcester College, Oxford, in 1925) is the oldest known illustration of a Newcomen engine.
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler
100-1 BCE; 1501-1600; 1914
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler based on Sketches in 16th century Manuscripts
Model, of Woolf's Water Tube Boiler, 1819
model of Woolf's water tube boiler after A. M. Heron de la Villefosse, De la Richesse Minerale, 1819, scale 1:8, patented 1803. Type built by J & E Hall of Dartford, Kent.
Model of Rotative Beam Engine by William Tongue, c. 1804
Model, rotative beam engine, c. 1805, scale 1:8, made by William Tongue, an apprentice with Boulton & Watt from 1797 until 1804. It represents the rotative steam engine as Watt left it upon the expiry of his patents in 1800. Cast iron has replaced timber in the main engine components, and the sun & planet gear has been replaced by a more straightforward crank. The nozzles (valve boxes that controlled the inlet and exhaust of steam at each end of the cylinder) each contain two concentric socket valves of the type introduced by William Murdock after 1800. The eccentric driving the valves was also his improvement.
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler, c. 1806
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging
National Diesel Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal four-stroke diesel engine with generator and lighting set, made by the National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, 1928.
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
'Bell-crank' engine, c. 1799
Model Boulton & Watt bell crank engine, c. 1799. The bell-crank engine design was devised for Boulton & Watt by William Murdock, one of their employees. It was the first 'independent' (self-supporting) engine to be built.
Model of Sun and Planet Gearing
Model of sun and planet gearing, made by James Watt ,1782-1784, demonstrating the action designed to produce a rotative motion. Preserved by James Watt & Co.
Model of William Murdock's Oscillating Engine, 1785.
Original model of William Murdock's Oscillating Cylinder Engine, 1785
'Haystack' Boiler, 1775-1799
1775-1799 (original); 1900-1907 (model)
Model, scale 1:12, of balloon or haystack boiler
This Lancashire boiler was made in Manchester by W & J Galloway & Sons Ltd in 1889. It was used by bedding manufacturers John Sawtell & Co, where the steam was used to curl feathers for stuffing pillows. Lancashire boilers were often used to power steam engines, but could be used for any task where steam was required. The Lancashire boiler was developed by William Fairbairn in 1844, in an attempt to create a boiler where as much heat as possible from the fire was transferred to the water, and not lost. Two furnace tubes run through the boiler, where the fires would be stoked, and these were surrounded with water for maximum heat transfer. Manchester firm Galloways, who made this boiler, made their boilers even more efficient by adding extra tubes which crossed the furnace tubes to allow more heat transfer. A typical Lancashire boiler would consume six tons of coal per day. Water levels had to be carefully maintained, otherwise the pressure would get too high and cause an explosion.
Haydock Colliery Steam Engine
Single-cylinder condensing beam engine, made in about 1830 and latterly used at Haydock Colliery. This engine is thought to have been made for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company for use as a winding engine at Edge Hill. From about 1860, until it was taken out of service in 1950, this engine provided power for the woodworking shop at the Richard Evans Colliery maintenance depot at Haydock. Beam engine with 'D' slide valves, Parallel motion condenser, air pumps, Watt type about 15' long, flywheel 15' diameter in segments and arms with gear drive round rim. Erected at Haydock in 1863 to drive the saw mill of Richard Evans Colliery Maintenance department.
Model, scale 1:12, of stationary steam boiler, c.1948
Scale 1:12 model of Paxman Economic boiler, as built by Davey, Paxman & Co. Ltd, Colchester, England, c.1910. Model built by John B. Thorp of London, and mounted in display case.
Vertical Steam Engine, 1891
14 hp vertical, single-cylinder, Marshall Steam Engine (made by Messrs. Marshall of Gainsborough, for Imperial Institute in 1891 and transferred to Kew Gardens in 1903)
Drawing of the "Old Sarah" engine, Newmarket, Silk
Drawing of the "Old Sarah" engine, Newmarket, Silkstone Colliery, near Leeds. Side view and end view, scale 1:24
Watt's second separate condenser, 1765.
Model of cylinder with separate condenser, formerly described as the "original" model.
Metropolitan-Vickers Steam turbine and Generator
Steam turbine and generator, made by Metropolitan-Vickers Electrical Co. Ltd, Trafford Park, 1937-8, with accompanying copies of original General Arrangement and Assembly Drawings used during the refurbishment of the turbine. Originally used to generate electricity for a brickworks, removed by Metro-Vicks apprentices and used for training purposes. Output through the alternator is 375kVA, equivalent to c.300 Kilowatts, three-phase power, or equivalent to 300 single-bar electric fires. The turbine is c. 400 horsepower, about as much as five small cars.
Collycroft worsted textile mill, 1790
model, scale 1:32, of an 18th century water-powered textile mill; the model is based on drawings of the Collycroft worsted mill, Bedworth, Warwickshire, built c. 1790; interior contains a selection of textile machines employed in various processes; weaving, winding, drawing or doubling, spinning; the machine operators are also shown; the model is finished for viewing from the front only, and is cut away to allow viewing of the interior
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valv
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valve, 1961
Crossley Horizontal Single-cylinder Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder four-stroke cycle gas engine made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1886. Used in Edinburgh foundry. This was the first type of internal-combustion engine to work on Otto's four-stroke principle, patented in 1876, and is thus the direct ancestor of present-day piston internal-combustion engines.
Crossley Type IHD4 Diesel Engine
Diesel test engine Type IHD4, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1960.
'Wagon' Boiler, 19th Century
1801-1840 (original); 1901 (model)
model, scale 1:12, of a 20 hp wagon boiler, 1801-1840.
A. E. & H. Robinson Gas Engine
Single-cylinder inclined gas engine, made by A. E. & H. Robinson & Co., Manchester, 1907.
AEI Turbine Generator Model
Model of 50,000 MW back-pressure-geared turbine generator, made at the AEI Apprentice Training School in Manchester.
Pre-production model of a Howden HWP 300 Wind Turbine and Landrover
Sectioned scale 1:40 model of a Howden HWP 300 Wind Turbine, by Angus Model Makers, Glasgow, Scotland, with a 1:43 scale model of a Landrover vehicle & human figure, by Vitesse, Portugal, 1980-1983. The tubine model was constructed prior to production of the real object, which was installed at Burgar Hill, Orkney, on 20 October 1983.
Maudslay Oscillating Engine
Original model of Maudslay Oscillating Engine, thought to have been made by Henry Maudslay for pumping water in the early years of the 19th century.
Overtype Compound Steam Engine
model, scale 1:12, of Garrett overtype compound steam engine, on base. The model represents an engine of 270 h.p. which Richard Garrett & Sons exhibited at the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley in 1924.
Example, compound motion variable expansion slide
Example, compound motion variable expansion slide valve
Samuel Clegg Steam Engine Model
Beam engine model of vertical single-cylinder engine, made by Samuel Clegg of Manchester, c.1825.
Babcock & Wilcox Boilers, 1946
Pencil drawing by Stephen Gishford 1946 of Babcock & Wilcox boiler fronts 15 1/2" x 18"
Brush Ljungstrom radial-flow steam turbine, made by Brush Electrical Engineering Ltd, Loughborough, 1956.
Maihak engine indicator No.7077 with accessories i
Maihak engine indicator No.7077 with accessories in fitted case
W. H. Bailey Hot-Air Engine
Vertical hot-air engine, made by Sir W. H. Bailey and Co. Ltd, Manchester, c.1880.
100 K.W. Parsons' Radial Flow Steam Turbine alternator with Generator, partly sectioned
100 K.W. Radial Flow Steam Turbine alternator with Generator, by C. A. Parsons and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England, United Kingdom, 1891. Partly sectioned; (Radial flow, for the Cambridge Electric Supply Company installed in 1892)
Robey Portable Steam Engine, c. 1938
Model of a single-cylinder Robey portable steam engine and boiler. Scale 1:8, with wooden frame.
Poncelet's Water Wheel, 1824
1824 (original); 1891 (model)
Model, (scale 1:10), of Poncelet's Undershot water-wheel in masonry pit with rack and pinion operated sluice, on base board. Original by Jean Victor Poncelet, 1824, model by Regnard Frères, 59 rue Bayen, Paris, France, 1891.
Atmospheric engine at Pentrich Colliery
Twenty-eight unmounted bromide photographs relating to an atmospheric engine at Pentrich Colliery (26 of these are about 6" x 4", and 2 are about 9 1/2" x 7")
Richard's patent steam engine indicator in wooden box
A Richard's patent steam engine indicator in wooden box; made by Elliott Bros., London
Elm Street Mill Cross-Compound Steam Engine
Horizontal cross-compound condensing uniflow engine, made by Galloways Ltd, Manchester, for Elm Street Mill, Burnley, 1926. Elm Street Mill was a ‘Room and Power’ mill, which means that different companies could hire a space with heating and lighting in the mill and link their machines up to the engine for their power supply. The engine also drove the alternator to generate electricity to light the mill. With associated archive material.
Firgrove Mill Steam Engine
Firgrove Mill tandem compound condensing engine, made by J. & W. McNaught, Rochdale, c.1907.
National Diesel Engine Model
Sectioned working model of a single-cylinder diesel engine, made by the National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, c.1930.
Example of a Dardelet Threadlock Bolt and Nut (1"
Example of a Dardelet Threadlock Bolt and Nut (1" diam. 4" long)
Willans central-valve high speed steam engine 1901
Central-valve high speed steam engine, working model, scale 1:4, sectioned through one cylinder and crank case, Willans and Robinson Limited, Rugby, Warwickshire, England, 1901
"Trevithick" type return flue steam boiler of cast
"Trevithick" type return flue steam boiler of cast iron, with enclosed cylinder, the whole constituted originally a portable engine. Built by Oak Farm Ironworks, Dudley, c.1845.
Complete Blade Ring for "Brush Ljungstrom" Turbine
Complete Blade Ring for "Brush Ljungstrom" Turbine