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Plaster model of the lunar surface
Plaster relief model of a portion of the lunar surface by James Nasmyth, 1844, showing the lunar craters Maurolycus and Barocius, compared to Earth's Mount Vesuvius. There is a scale in red at bottom centre.
Watt's end measuring machine
Watt's end measuring instrument with micrometer screw,1776; probably the first screw micrometer made.
Principal varieties of mankind', 3 May 1850.
Geographical Diagram. The Principal Varieties of Mankind. Published by James Reynolds 174 Strand, London. 3 May 1850. Drawn and engraved by John Emslie.
Thomson's Mirror Marine Galvanometer, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, made by White & Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858
Miscellanea & Curiosities
Memorial tablet, marble, restored original from the Huskisson Memorial, commemorating the accidental death of William Huskisson MP at Parkside on the opening day of the Liverpool & Manchester Railway , 15 September 1830.
Bodmin & Wadebridge Railway, composite 1st & 2nd class railway carriage
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Railway carriage, four wheeled, composite (1st & 2nd Class), Bodmin & Wadebridge Railway, Prussian blue and cream livery, built in 1834. Length over buffers: 16' 2"
Whitworth Planing Machine
Hand and Machine Tools
Planing machine, made by Joseph Whitworth & Co. of Manchester, 1842. Belt drive, three pullies, one loos in the middle, to drive the lathe in either direction. Table worked by the worm screw and nut. Parts of the automatic cross feed to the tool holder are missing, as is the original tool holder which probably was the reversing type. This machine was originally in the LNWR Crewe works, reputedly used for making horn blocks for axles. Presented by A Bebbington & Son, Culland Street Works, Crewe.
Cammann type binaural stethoscope
Cammann binaural stethoscope, presented by Cammann to Dr. Barth.
Reflecting telescope by William Herschel
Newtonian reflecting telescope with 6 1/8-inch diameter speculum mirror of 7-foot focal length with mahogany tube and altazimuth stand; includes accessories and a pamphlet of directions for use. Telescope made by Herschel for his friend Sir William Watson in Bath, 1783-1785.
Palmer's micrometer (replica)
Replica of original micrometer caliper by Jean Laurent Palmer, patented in France 7.9.1848, range 0 to 20 mm, made after 1867 by Brown & Sharpe
'Haystack' Boiler, 1775-1799
1775-1799 (original); 1900-1907 (model)
Model, scale 1:12, of balloon or haystack boiler
Clock movement for Shelton regulator clock
Movement for regulator clock with dead beat escapement, inverted grid iron pendulum with steel knife edge pivot on an agate plate and bubble level. Originally made by John Shelton, Shoe Lane, London, 1768-9, with later modifications.
Shutt End Colliery Railway steam locomotive 'Agenoria'
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Steam locomotive ‘Agenoria’ 0-4-0, built by Foster Rastrick & Co, Stourbridge for the Earl of Dudley's Shutt End Colliery Railway at Kingswinford, Staffordshire in 1829; withdrawn c1864, length over buffers, 13' 3"; width 6' 1"; height 24"; weight 11 tons with tender; area 7.19m square. Driving wheel diameter 4 feet, 0 3/4 inches; weigh 11 tons with tender
Architect's model of S&J Watts' warehouse
Architecht's model of S & J Watts' warehouse, made around 1850.
Cooke and Wheatstone five-needle telegraph
Cooke and Wheatstone's earliest (five-needle) telegraph, England, 1837.
Copy of Chamberlen obstetric forceps
Obstetrics, Gynaecology & Contraception
Copy of obstetric forceps, invented and used by Chamberlen
'Dr Syntax and his wife making an experiment in pneumatics', print, London, England, 1820
Aquatint, col. 'Dr Syntax and his Wife Making an experiment in Pneumatics'. Plate  from 'Dr. Syntax in Paris' [W Combe, 1820]. platemark 15x23cm, image 11x19cm. Caricature, scene dancing in drawing room, Nooth? chemical apparatus on lower left. In frame 29.5x35.5x1.5cm
Booklet of 'Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions' by Anna Atkins
Booklet of cyanotype impressions, 'Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions' by Anna Atkins (1799-1871) Part 1 of Fox Talbot's own copy, sewn in original blue wrapper.
Cloth tape measure
Hand and Machine Tools
One flexible, cloth tape measure on reel with measurements in feet and inches one side and links on other, enclosed in leather case, made by John Rabone, Birmingham. Sold under the trade name of 'Hockley Abbey', the tape measure comes from a shipwright's tool chest dated to the 1850s.
Cooke and Wheatstone 5-needle telegraph, 1837
Large 5-needle Cooke and Wheatstone telegraph, designed by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone, England, 1837
Barograph clock by Alexander Cumming
Barograph clock made by Alexander Cumming (1731 or 1732-1814), London, England, 1766. It consists of a compensated pendulum regulator clock and a mercury barograph mechanism for measuring changes in air pressure, which are recorded on the circular paper chart around the outside of the dial. Two tubes of mercury are concealed in the fluted wooden columns visible inside the glass trunk door. An ivory cistern and a wood and ivory pen cage run in ivory rollers connecting the pressure-measuring mechanism to the recording dial. The clock is housed in an exuberant carved mahogany case believed to be by the esteemed cabinet-maker Thomas Chippendale. Originally used by Cumming himself, the barograph clock was purchased in around 1814 and used by manufacturing chemist and meteorologist, Luke Howard (1772-1864).
'Royal Address of Cadwallader ap-Tudor ap-Edwards ap-Vaughan, Water-King of Southwark', print, London, England, 1832
Coloured etching by G[eorge] Cruikshank: Source of the Southwark Water Works, or [headed] Salus Populi Suprema Lex. Published by S. Knight, . 51x32.5cm. Printed on broadsheet with text poem beneath: Royal Address of Cadwallader... water-king of Southwark [John Edwards]. Concern at pollution and threat to public health. In frame 69x44x2cm
Bullion box containing lead shot
Miscellanea & Curiosities
Bullion Box, South Eastern Railway, box containing lead shot from Great Gold Robbery from London - Paris via Folkestone train on 15 May 1855.
Bodmin & Wadebridge Railway 2nd class railway carriage, 1834
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Railway carriage, four wheeled, 2nd Class, Bodmin & Wadebridge Railway, built in 1834, to carry 16 passengers. Length over buffers: 17 ft.
Silver microscope by George Adams, c. 1761.
Silver ‘Universal Double Microscope’ with ornate decoration by George Adams the Elder, Fleet Street, London, c. 1763. The drawer in the base contains several accessories: an alternative eyepiece and eye cap, a stand for the jointed arm, three sets of objectives, talc discs for slides, a fishplate with a glass slide attached, three magnifiers, a pair of stage forceps, a live box, a pair of tweezers and a nosepiece.
Wheatstone automatic tape transmitter, 1840-1860
Wheatstone automatic tape transmitter, unknown maker, England, 1840-1860
Moon globe by John Russell;England;1797
Moon globe 12-inch in diameter on libration stand, by John Russell, R.A., London, England, 1797. Known as ‘Selenographia’, the globe shows the nearside of the Moon visible from Earth. It has a mechanical mounting which demonstrates lunar libration, and which also features a miniature terrestrial globe.
Atmospheric Engine by John Smeaton, 1772
1772 (original); 1919 (model)
working model, sectioned, scale 1:12, John Smeaton's atmospheric engine at Long Benton Colliery, 1772
Richard Grindall's combined knife and fork, Europe, 1795-1820
Admiral Grindall's knife and fork
Wheatstone printing telegraph, 1841
Wheatstone original printing telegraph, designed by Charles Wheatstone, unknown maker, England, 1841.
Copy of Thimonnier's chain-stitch sewing machine, 1830.
Copy of Barthelemy Thimonnier's chain stitch sewing machine, first invented in 1830.
Fowke's Bellows camera
Camera with fittings etc, formerly the property of Captain Fowke Royal Engineers. Two ivory plaques: 'Capt Fowke's Camera, T. Ottewill & Co. London', 'Henry Cole Esq, In memory of Capt Fowke. R.E. 4th Dec 1868'.
Daniell cell used by Edward Davy, 1836-1839
Daniell cell used and possibly made by Edward Davy, England, 1836-1839. Found in a field in Somerset by J J Fahie, an historian of the electric telegraph, in 1883.
George III's philosophical table
King George III
Philosophical table made for King George III by George Adams, Fleet Street, London, 1761-62. A pillar in three pieces, two wooden rings and wooden nut; vertical board with ivory scale (one fixing screw and washer missing) and backing board for pendulum experiments are attached.
'Wagon' Boiler, 19th Century
1801-1840 (original); 1901 (model)
model, scale 1:12, of a 20 hp wagon boiler, 1801-1840.
Ebony and brass octant.
Octant signed ‘Watkins Charing Cross London’, made c. 1800. Ebony frame and limb, brass index arm and fittings, inlaid ivory plates on the crossbar and the back of the frame. The fouled anchor stamp was applied to instruments divided on a dividing engine; in this case either that of Jesse Ramsden (indicated by initials IR) or his apprentice Edward Pritchard (indicated by initials EP). The tangent screw is on the front of the index arm; the clamping screw is on the back. Three socket shades (two red, one green). Index-glass adjustment by screw; adjustment of the horizon glasses by screws, and by levers, wing nuts and milled clamping screws. The sight vane has two pinholes and a swivelling shade (red); the back sight vane has one pinhole. An ivory-capped pencil is fitted in the crossbar. No box.
The Ready Reckoner' book of tables, c 1826.
Book titled, 'THE READY RECKONER or Trader's Sure Guide, New & Improved Edition' by William Leybourne containing tables for calculating both wholesale and retail, c.1826.
Alidade for plane table outfit
Alidade for plane table outfit by W. & S. Jones, 30 Holborn, London, England, 1801-1830
Binocular stereoscopic camera
Binocular stereoscopic camera no. 12, made by John Benjamin Dancer, Manchester, c.1856 and probably owned by Joseph Sidebotham in the 1860s. Rear plate holder removeable. Focussed by turning milled nut on top. Fitted with a focal plate shutter as well as a front of lens shutter. Missing spirit level, brass plunger for changing plates and changing box.
Painting. [Mrs. Sage] / artist unknown, 1785. Oil on canvas, 77x 63cm or 92 x 78.5 x 11 cm in gilt frame. Portrait, HL, of Mrs. Letitia Ann Sage, 'The first English female aerial traveller' in Lunardi's balloon ascent of 29 June 1785; with balloon motif. Head, bust, white fur mantle, hat and half-veil. aeronaut/balloonist
Stanhope square demonstrator, c.1805.
Stanhope Demonstrator, an instrument for performing logical operations designed by Charles Stanhope.
Thomson's Mirror Galvanometer, 1858
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's mirror galvanometer (land type) used at Valentia Island end of the original Atlantic cable, made by White and Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
Sextant by Jesse Ramsden
Brass sextant by Jesse Ramsden, Piccadilly, London, 1770-75. Sextant has polished brass 120° scale (-2° to 136°) with 20’ divisions and brass vernier (30”), three index-filter shades (red & green), one horizon filter (red) and ‘Maskelyne flap’ for greater accuracy when taking a sight of the Sun or Moon. Fitted with threaded telescope bracket for sighting telescope (130mm –inverted image). The instrument has its original fitted mahogany keystone case.
Cooke and Wheatstone’s double-needle telegraph, 1838
Cooke's and Wheatsone's two-needle telegraph, unknown maker, British, 1838.
Printing telegraph receiver, 1845-1851
Printing telegraph receiver, probably made by John Watkins Brett, London, England, 1845-1851. Used to transmit the first telegraphic message under the sea in 1851, from Dover to Cap Gris Nez by John Watkins Brett (1805-1863)
Nooth's apparatus, Europe, 1774-1831
Nooth's apparatus, late 18th early 19th century
Charriere-type double spine saw
Anatomy & Pathology
Charriere's spine saw, double, steel and ebony, by Charriere of Paris, 1820-1860
Two Guillotine blades
Two Guillotine blades and plinth, unsigned, French, 1790-1794. Used at the execution of Jean-Baptiste Carrier in 1794.