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Whitworth standard wire gauge
1869 to 1897
Whitworth standard gauges for checking and adjusting wire gauges, based on the Whitworth proposed standard wire gauge; range 0.1-0.01 inches. The gauge is the flat part of the round bar: the gauge measurement being the distance across the flat surfaces. The use or standardisation of the decimal system was proposed by Whitworth when he was president of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers 1856 to 1857: 'Paper on a standard decimal measure of length'. Following the standard procedure and logic at that time each gauge size serves to establish that wire size standard. The concept of tolerance or specification by limits of acceptability had not at that time been established. These decimal gauges were never accepted as a national standard. The number of his wire gauge corresponds with sizes in thousandths of an inch from 1 to 500 with logical increases in increment of 0.001 (for small sizes) to 0.025 for the larger end of the range.
Conch shell trumpet used by people of New Guinea a
Ethnography and Folk Medicine
Conch shell trumpet used by people of New Guinea as call to arms and for warding off spirits of sickness from village, Papua New Guinea, 1850-1920
Ceramic pot lid for oriental tooth paste
Ceramic pot lid for oriental tooth paste, supplied by J. and E. Atkinson, London, 1850-1910
Straight spectacles with bifocal perfection lenses
Straight spectacles, bifocal perfection lenses, steel wire, English, c. 1890
Anatomy & Pathology
Post mortem hammer, steel and ebony, by Charriere of Paris, 1820-1860
4-wheeled hand crane
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Railway crane, Great Northern Railway, 4-wheeled hand crane, No 112, (LNER 942052), 1850.
Brass refracting telescope of 4 1/2 inch aperture
Brass refracting telescope of 4 1/2 inch aperture signed by Dollond, London, c.1860. Altazimuth mount on wooden tripod, complete with original box, 1-inch finder 5 astronomical and 2 terrestrial eyepieces, slow-motion right ascension and declination gearing stabilising rods, brass collar, miscellaneous filters, travelling wire eyepiece micrometer with additional eyepiece and spare wire
Model of Great Central Railway "Atlantic" Express Locomotive
1903 (original); 1982 (model)
Model, scale 1:8.7, of 4-4-2 locomotive, Great Central Railway, designed by J. G. Robinson, 1905. With 6-wheeled tender.
Two bar magneto Wood wall telephone
Two bar magneto Wood wall telephone produced by Peel Conner. Early example of the company's products and dates from circa 1904. The K66 Magneto telephone was called the 'Handcom' and was a long-distance call, magneto telephone.
Model Great Western Railway locomotive, "Gooch"
Model steam locomotive, 1/16 scale, Great Western Railway `Armstrong' class 4-4-0 No 8 'Gooch', 1905, Churchward rebuild of the Dean 'No.7' class of 1894.
Cooke and Wheatstone's double needle telegraph, 1844
Cooke and Wheatstone's double needle telegraph, invented by Sir William Fothergill Cooke and Sir Charles Wheatstone, and made by William Reid, London, England, 1844. This is the instrument used to send the message which identified John Tawell as a murder suspect on 1 January 1845. It was located at Slough station, Great Western Railway.
East Coast Joint Stock passenger brake van
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Brake van, East Coast Joint Stock, passenger bogie brake van, No 109. Great Northern Railway design to diagram number 38, teak bodied, built Doncaster 1908, ex Royal Train, originally numbered 82, withdrawn 1976 and overhauled by British Rail Engineering Limited Doncaster in 1977.
Tripod for plane table outfit
Tripod for plane table outfit by W. & S. Jones, 30 Holborn, London, England, 1801-1830
The Great Exhibition Polka 1851
Lithograph, colour: The Great Exhibition Polka 1851, for the pianoforte, composed and dedicated to HRH Prince Albert by Frank B Tussaud. Printed by Stannard & Dixon, issued by Duff & Hodgson, London . Sheet music cover with picture of Crystal Palace exterior and visitors. 34.5x24cm.
Glassware from Carrel's apparatus for sterilizing wounds
Main part of Carrel's apparatus for sterilizing wounds, used by British Army, made by Down Bros. Ltd., 21 and 23 St. Thomas's Street, London, SE, England, 1914-1918.
Blue glass condom mould
Obstetrics, Gynaecology & Contraception
Blue glass condom mould for rubber or latex moulding, reputedly from a manufacturing and chemist shop supplier Durrant & Sons, Bristol, England, 1900-1920
Orrery planetary model
orrery with brass gearwork and paper scale showing eight planets out to Neptune with wooden case by Newton and Company, London, mid 19th century.
1827 - 1912
1827-1912, surgeon; physician; developer of a system of antiseptic surgery, English; British
Medical vibrator, 'Outfit No. 7' from the 1917 She
Medical vibrator, 'Outfit No. 7' from the 1917 Shelton physicians' catalogue. Motor head with mains plug and 12 vibratory attachments in wooden plush-lined cloth-covered carrying case. Made by Shelton Vibrator, Shelton Electric Co., Chicago, U.S.A., 1906-1917. The mains plug is made by General Electric Co.
The Ivel Agricultural Tractor
Ivel agricultural tractor on three steel wheels (front single, with solid rubber tyre; rear, straked), designed by Daniel Alborne, and made by Ivel Agricultural Motors Limited, Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, England, 1902, and two spark plugs by Lodge Sparking Plug Company Limited, Birmingham, Warwickshire, England, 1913-1920. Engine: 2-cylinder horizontally opposed petrol. Believed to be the first 'production' tractor built by Ivel, and the first British internal combustion engine powered light agricultural tractor.
Nimbus, or rain cloud
[Cloud modifications] / E Kenyon [Kennion] with Luke Howard. - n.d. [March 1849]. - one of 4 drawings: pen, watercolour, with white; 28x19cm or smaller; [Plate 5] Nimbus, or rain cloud. - Original studies of clouds "from nature" by Luke Howard, with landscapes by "Mr Kenyon". These were lithographed by EM Williams and printed by M&N Hanhart as illustrations for the 3rd edition of Howard's Essay on the Modifications of Clouds, 1865. The explanations of plates prefacing this edition are by "LH, March 1849" who gave "a number of sketches" to Kenyon. Clouds and landscapes of drawings 1 and 3 are closely related to engravings in Rees' Cyclopedia, dated (Science Museum copy) 1810 and 1820, after work by "E. Kennion" or E. Kennyon" ie, Edward Kennion (1744-1809). It is not known whether these watercolours were executed by 1809, by Edward Kennion using cloud sketches made by Luke Howard (1772-1864) during his most active time of cloud sketching and observation; or, whether Howard refers to Kennion's son Charles John (1789-1853), also an accomplished landscape artist, who may have worked with these sketches in 1849 or 180-. The watercolours are not dated, and more than one finished study may have been made by Howard from his sketchbooks, at any time 180- to 1849. nos. 1 and 4 together in frame 51x37.5x2.5cm.
Whitworth Pillar Drilling Machine
Hand and Machine Tools
Pillar drill, made by Joseph Whitworth & Co., Manchester, c. 1860.
Model railway carriage, 3rd class smoking compartment
Model Railway Carriage, London & South Western Railway, 3rd class smoking compartment, with lavatory and communicating door, as exhibited in connection with the murder trial of George Parker who killed William Pearson on January 17th 1901 between Surbiton and Vauxhall.
Foucault Pendulum for demonstrating the Earth's rotation, 1883
Brass Foucault pendulum bob and suspension piece made respectively in the Physics Laboratory and Mechanical Laboratory of the Royal College of Science in 1883, with a divided brass arc on a wooden board with lapse time clock indicator dial and wooden bob stand made in the Science Museum workshop, 1928. Set up in a stair well in the Western Galleries [1883-1920s] and then the Science Museum [1920s-1988]
Charlie Chaplin as a young man in Hollywood
A photographic portrait of Charlie Chaplin as a young man, Hollywood, taken around 1916 by an unknown photographer. Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (1899-1977) was an English comic actor and film producer and director of the silent film era.
German Fokker E III Monoplane, c 1915.
German Fokker E III Monoplane with Parabelum light machine gun (fitted with engine 1923-798)
Album of cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns
Album of cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns, made and assembled by Anna Atkins and Anne Dixon for presentation to `CSA' (unknown), 1853
Copy of clay liver used for divination, original from Babylon, 2050-1750 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Babylonian clay liver used for divination, c.2050-1750 BC, copy, 1981
Ashadar or time stick, Northern India, 1895-1905
Tibetan priest's Time-stick from Darjeeling, unsigned, West Bengal, India, 1895-1905. It worked in a simliar way to the column sundial, a wire gnomonwas placed in the hole that corresponded with the month, it was then twisted to align the shadow with the scale.
Calotype camera with lens by Chevalier and double dark slide, c. 1843. Lens inscribed 'Portrait et Paysages'.
Ceramic pot lid for Boots cherry tooth paste
Ceramic pot lid for Boots cherry tooth paste, England, 1880-1910
Intermediate frame, made by Platt Brothers & Co. Ltd, Oldham, 1907, and used at Roy Mill, Royton.
Hank Winding Machine
Cop-reel hank-winding machine, made by Platt Brothers & Co. Ltd, Oldham, 1897.
Scale drawing of Nottingham Water Works Engine House, England, 1851-1860
[Engineering drawing] Nottingham Water Works. No. 12. Longitudinal Section of Engine House; Transverse Section of Boiler House / [T. Hawksley & Co. Line drawing with colour wash. Scale 1/4" : 1'. This item is on SM transparency BUI/C000013]
Anatomical model of the spine
Anatomy & Pathology
Anatomical model of the spine, papier mâché, in two parts, labelled, by Dr. Auzoux, French, 1901.
Clockwork picture showing a tooth extraction, France, 1850-1909
Clockwork picture of an itinerant dentist performing an extraction in French rural scene, wood frame, metal workings, first half 19th century, once owned by Dr Paul F Gachet.
Early submarine cables and grapnel, 1858-1866.
Glazed case (no glass) containing specimens of submarine cables etc:- viz: (a) two specimens of shore end and two specimens of main cable of each of Atlantic cables, 1858, 1865 and 1866; (b) two specimens of grapnel rope used in recovery of 1865 cable; (c) two specimens of 1865 cable recovered; (d) model of grapnel used in recovery of 1865 cable
Daniell cell used by Edward Davy, 1836-1839
Daniell cell used and possibly made by Edward Davy, England, 1836-1839. Found in a field in Somerset by J J Fahie, an historian of the electric telegraph, in 1883.
Experimental microphone, 1878-1890
One experimental microphone consisting of one gas carbon pencil hanging horizontally in contact with one vertical gas carbon pencil, probably made by David Edward Hughes, England, 1878-1890
section of first telegraph cable, 1837
Piece of the original telegraph line laid down between Euston Square and Camden Town, made by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone, England, 1837.
Shell fragment used as an amulet, Germany, 1910-1914
Ethnography and Folk Medicine
Shell fragment, metal, used as charm, German, 1910-1914, from Lovett collection
Earthenware eye bath
Earthenware eyebath, with ornamental moulded stem, English
Silver thimble, used to pass a current through the 1866 Transatlantic cable, 1860-1866
Silver thimble, unknown maker, probably Ireland, 1860-1866. Originally owned by Miss Emily FitzGerald and by means of which an electric current was sent through the two Atlantic telegraph cables in 1866
Gentleman’s toilet case, Europe, 1837-1901
Victorian gentleman's leather toilet case:- 2 clothes brushes, 2 hair brushes, 2 open razors, nail trimming knife, scissors, button hook, mirror, strop, comb, hair-oil bottle, shaving brush, soap container, tooth brush container, tooth powder, bottle
Crossley telephone receiver, 1880
Telephone receiver, Crossley's patent 1880, unknown maker, British, 1880.
Pioneers of Electric Telegraphy at the British Association
Framed photograph of 'Pioneers of Electric Telegraphy at the British Association Birmingham 1865', unknown maker, British, 1865
Brooch in the shape of a horseshoe with a riding crop
Ethnography and Folk Medicine
Amulet, tin, gilt, brooch in form of shoe and riding crop on horseshoe, reputedly worn by soldier of the Middlesex Regiment, from Lovett collection, British, 1914-1918
Experimental form 1 (Licence to use Wireless Telegraph), 1905
Experimental form 1 (Licence to use Wireless Telegraph for Experimental purposes) dated 14 November 1905 and made out to Ernest Dundas Gledall Esq BSc, issued by the General Post Office on behalf of the Postmaster General, British, 1905
Model steam locomotive, spirit fired live steam 'dribbler' 3
Model steam locomotive, spirit fired live steam 'dribbler' 3 inch gauge, Stevens' Model Dockyard 2-2-2.
Block instrument (lock and block)
Signalling & Telecommunications
Block instrument: Sykes' Lock and Block absolute 2-tablet/1-semaphore block-indicator with plunger-commutator, release key-hole, and switch-hook (all brass). The upper/lower tablet indications are "Locked/Free" and "Blank/Train On" respectively. The tablet cut-out face-plate sits within a brass-bezelled circular aperture and is inscribed "Local 12", "To Coborn Road", "From Devonshire Street". Above the tablet-aperture is a rectangular brass Sykes' maker's plate. This instrument was presented by 'W.R. Sykes Interlocking Signal Company Ltd' and has a Description Card.