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Windows From Inside South Gallery, Lacock Abbey
Earliest paper photograph in existence dated August 1835. ' Windows from inside South Gallery, Lacock Abbey' , (made with the camera obscura), by William Henry Fox Talbot.
Cruchley's Railway Map of England & Wales
Railway Maps & Plans
Cruchley's Railway Map of England & Wales / G.F. Cruchley, 1840. [Engraved and published by G. F. Cruchley, map seller, 81 Fleet Street. Front board bears title 'Cruchley's New Map of the Railways and Principal Roads of England and Wales'. 1 sheet : 9 sections, folded in boards. Scale c.1" : 30m.]
Syme's abscess knife, steel, folding, in tortoises
Syme's abscess knife, steel, folding, in tortoiseshell sheath, by Millikin, 161 Strand, London, England, 1846-1860.
Daguerreotype of the Moon in leather case
Daguerreotype of the Moon in leather case; (size 4 1/2" x 3 1/4"). M.F.H. Cat. No. 37. A daguerreotype of the moon taken in 1851 by John Adams Whipple (1822-1891) and George Phillips Bond (1825-1865). Whipple, working with Bond, the director of Harvard College Observatory, endeavoured (and eventually succeeded) in creating lunar daguerreotypes of a quality never seen before. Following several failed attempts, this successful photograph probably occurred after a slight adjustment the men made to the focus and resolution of the Harvard telescope. One of Whipple and Bond's lunar daguerreotypes was shown at the Great Exhibition of 1851 where it won a medal.
Portrait of Ada, Countess of Lovelace
Alfred Edward Chalon
Watercolour, Ada Lovelace, possibly by A E Chalon (1780-1860), [c1840]. 25 x 18.3 cm. Portrait, TQL to L. looking front, in evening dress with mantilla, holding fan
Model of the "Planet" Locomotive
1830 (original); 1967 (model)
Model steam locomotive, scale 1:8, Stephenson's locomotive "Planet", 1830, made by the Science Museum in 1967.
The original engine of Henry Bell's paddle steamer, ‘Comet’
The original engine of Henry Bell's paddle steamer, ‘Comet’, by John Robertson and David Napier, Glasgow, Scotland, 1812
Fox dip and intensity apparatus
Fox dip and intensity apparatus by George, c.1840
Plan and Section of the intended Railway or Tramroad from Stockton by Darlington to the Collieries near West Auckland
Railway Maps & Plans
Printed and hand coloured map 'Plan and Section of the intended Railway or Tramroad from Stockton by Darlington to the Collieries near West Auckland in the County of Durham : and Several Branches therefrom, and of the Variations and Alterations Intended to be made therein Respectively & also of the Additional Branch of Railway or Tramroad Proposed to be made. 1822'. Scales 3":2 1/2m (horiz); 1":300' (vertic).
Slide Rest for Light Lathe, England, c. 1830
Hand and Machine Tools
Slide rest as used on early English ornamental lathes, with additional top slide for drilling spindle, (incomplete) by Holtzapffel
Whole contemporary model of 'I. Ferencz Jozef' paddle steamer
Whole contemporary model, scale 1:48, of the 'I. Ferencz Jozef' paddle steamer, for passenger service on the river Danube, unsigned, on an in-laid wooden base, held by a series of ivory figures, built under the direction of Samuel Pretious, Budapest, Hungary, 1846
One of the first rechargeable batteries, about 1860
The first practical lead-acid storage battery. Made by Gaston Planté in London around 1860.
Electric motor used by James J
Scientific Instruments & Research
Electric motor used by James Joule, c.1860. Armature original but the rest may be replica. This simple electric motor was used by the scientist James Joule for experiments about energy. Joule was a Salford resident and the son of a brewer. He was taught by the famous scientist John Dalton. Joule's experiments in 1845 led him to an new understanding of energy conversion. Research by Joule showed that electricity, mechanical work and heat are all the same thing - forms of energy. He used equipment like this to learn that formd of energy are interchangeable and that energy cannot be created or destroyed. Joule is remembered as one of the founders of modern physics. From 1948 the Joule became a standard international unit of energy measurement.
Peterloo Massacre Commemorative Clock
Longcase clock commemorating the Peterloo Massacre of 1819, made by W. Stancliffe, Barkisland.
Albion Printing Press, 1838
Printing & Writing
Foolscap folio Albion Printing Press, 1838. Patented 1812.
Copy of clay liver used for divination, original from Babylon, 2050-1750 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Babylonian clay liver used for divination, c.2050-1750 BC, copy, 1981
Smith's Railway Map, 1836
Railway Maps & Plans
'Smith's Railway Map', 1836, by Charles Smith & Son. Shows network of lines in England. Printed and hand coloured.
Massey's patent ships' log
Massey's patent log consisting of two parts connected by rope, the rotator (or fly) with brass fins and an engraved brass recorder, patented and made by Edward Massey, London, England, 1854-1857
Royal Mail Coach
Royal Mail Coach, with a pole, main bar and pair of lead-swingle-trees, plus a pair of swingle-trees; and two front located, small, side-mounted candle lights; and two large, side-mounted candle lights, two cushions, a leather strap and boot lock key, by Waude and Co., London, England, 1815-1830
Plaster model of the lunar surface
Plaster relief model of a portion of the lunar surface by James Nasmyth, 1844, showing the lunar craters Maurolycus and Barocius, compared to Earth's Mount Vesuvius. There is a scale in red at bottom centre.
A photographic engraving from a metal plate entitled 'Crossed Muslin', taken by William Henry Fox Talbot, between 1852 and 1858.
Plaster death mask of Alexander Humboldt
Plaster death mask of Friedrich Heinrich Alexander Baron Humboldt (1769-1859)
Smith's Map of England & Wales, Containing the whole of the Turnpike Roads, Railways & Canals
Railway Maps & Plans
Colour-engraved map. Smith's Map of England & Wales, Containing the whole of the Turnpike Roads, Railways & Canals : with the Distance from London to every Principal Town and from one Market Town to Another / Printed for C. Smith & Son, mapsellers, 172 Strand. 1845. Scale 1" : c.14m. Part of the John Phillimore Collection: cat. 1, 1845, page 8. Previously folded, it has been conserved and mounted on linen.
Mirror for the Great Rosse Telescope, 1844-1846
Six-foot speculum [metal] mirror on travelling carriage from the Great Rosse Telescope, the 'Leviathan of Parsonstown', built by the Third Earl of Rosse at Birr, Ireland, 1844-46.
Phantasmagoria magic lantern
Phantasmagoria magic lantern c. 1820, in case, with 14 short lantern slides, 2 long slides and 7 slides in box. (see note on page 3)
Machine for reproducing sculpture
Hand and Machine Tools
Machine for reproducing sculpture, by Benjamin Cheverton, 1826
Stirling's hot air engine, c. 1816.
Heat Engines (non steam)
Model of Stirling's hot air engine, c. 1816, cylinders sectioned.
Voltaic pile given to Faraday, 1813-1827, replica
Electricity and Magnetism
Copy of volta pile.
Orrery planetary model
orrery with brass gearwork and paper scale showing eight planets out to Neptune with wooden case by Newton and Company, London, mid 19th century.
Decorated keystone from South Stockton arch, Thornaby station
Keystone from a decorative arch at South Stockton station on the Stockton & Darlington Railway, about 1842. The face of the stone depicts the head of an old, bearded man surrounded by vines and ivy, probably a Green Man or perhaps the Greek and Roman god Dionysus/Bacchus. On the reverse of the stone are bunches of grapes and vine leaves.
Bennett Street Sunday School Jubilee Medal
Medallion produced to commemorate the jubilee of Manchester’s Bennett Street Sunday School, made by Allen & Moore of Birmingham around 1851 for the school’s 50th anniversary. One side of the medallion depicts the school and the other side the school’s founder, David Stott.
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler, c. 1806
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging
Satirical illustration of the polluted River Thames, by George Cruikshank, London, England, 1832
Print by George Cruickshank, illustrating the poem "Royal Address of Cadwallader ap-Tudor ap-Edwards ap-Vaughan, Water-King of Southwark"; a satire on water pollution of the river Thames, c. 1832, dimensions 17 1/2" x 10 1/2"
Orrery planetary model designed by William Pearson, 1813-1822
Mean Motion Orrery with drum case on claw foot stand showing seven planets out to Uranus by Robert Fidler, London. Designed by Rev. William Pearson in 1813 and described in Rees's Encyclopedia.
Nasmyth reflecting telescope on turntable stand, 1850-1852
Reflecting telescope, 20-inch aperture with speculum mirror and altazimuth mounting, by James Nasmyth at Patricroft, Manchester, England, 1850-1852. Later the instrument was moved to ‘Hammerhurst’, Nasmyth’s new home at Penshurst, Kent, when he retired from industry in 1856. (see note)
Duchenne Medical Induction Machine, Paris, France, 1849
Duchenne Medical Induction Machine, made by Charriere, Paris, French, 1849
Half-length oil portrait of Elias Howe (1819-1867) by or after Charles Loring Elliott. Howe is shown turned to the left, wearing a dark jacket over a white shirt and cravat, with long brown hair. The background a rough grey.
Magic lantern slide showing The Moon
A magic lantern slide with a photograph of the Moon. Photograph was taken in 1860 and was sandwiched into a slide. It was shown in an educational lantern show at the Royal Polytechnic Institution, London. Original photograph possibly by Warren de la Rue.
Artificial mercury horizon.
Artificial mercury horizon, unsigned, English maker, 1835-1845. Consists of a rectangular wooden trough, with loose fitting roof-shaped folding wooden cover with side glazed panels.
wooden original type model of Pseudoscope (one prism slightly loose), signed 'Watkins & Hill, 5 Charing Cross, London', c. 1850.
Nautical slide rule for weights of wire, rope and
Nautical slide rule for weights of wire, rope and chains, in boxwood and brass, by John Rabone & Sons, Birmingham.
Duplex Pocket Watch in Silver Case by Molyneux and Sons, 1815-1830
Duplex watch in silver hunter case by Molyneux and Sons, no.1368. Hall marked 1830 ( seconds hand missing)
Original Maudslay oscillating marine paddle engine
Original Maudslay oscillating marine paddle engine used on paddle ships and thames speed boats, patented by Joseph Maudslay (c.1827), and constructed by Maudslay Sons and Field Limited, on metal base.
Birmingham workhouse three pence token, 1813.
Coins, Medals & Tokens
Token, copper, 45mm diameter. Birmingham workhouse three pence token, 1813. (D Warwks 34). Issuer Overseers of the Poor, Birmingham Workhouse, 1813, 3d. Obverse View of Birmingham Workhouse, ‘Birmingham three pence 1813’. Reverse Arms of the City of Birmingham: ‘One pound note for 80 tokens payable at the workhouse’. Notes This is the heaviest copper coin ever issued for circulation in Britain. The Overseers also intended to issue a 6d piece but changed their minds because it weighed over five ounces. A small number were in fact minted but not enough to count as a true commercial coin.
Five wooden molecular model balls
Scientific Instruments & Research
Molecular model formed of five wooden balls, made by Peter Ewart of Manchester, c.1810, and used by John Dalton for demonstrating his atomic theory, c, 1810-1842.
Ascensions Aerostatiques les Plus Remarquables
Print: `Ascensions aerostatiques le plus remarquables' / a Paris chez Barthelemier Freres, Rue Hautefeuille, 22 et 30.; Imprime par Chardon aine et Aze. Depose. nd. [1851-1852]. Engraving, hand coloured; image 46.5x65.5cm on sheet [trimmed to] 54x70cm. A keyed account of 81 famous balloons and flights from 1638 to 1851 with notes on the Montgolfier and Charlier types of balloon
Silver snuff boxes, United Kingdom, presented in 1832 and 1850
Silver snuff box, presented to Matthew Whitehill for attendance during outbreak of cholera, presented 1850, made, Birmingham, 1827