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Wheatstone automatic tape transmitter, 1840-1860
Wheatstone automatic tape transmitter, unknown maker, England, 1840-1860
Wheatstone printing telegraph, 1841
Wheatstone original printing telegraph, designed by Charles Wheatstone, unknown maker, England, 1841.
Copy of Thimonnier's chain-stitch sewing machine, 1830.
Copy of Barthelemy Thimonnier's chain stitch sewing machine, first invented in 1830.
Fowke's Bellows camera
Camera with fittings etc, formerly the property of Captain Fowke Royal Engineers. Two ivory plaques: 'Capt Fowke's Camera, T. Ottewill & Co. London', 'Henry Cole Esq, In memory of Capt Fowke. R.E. 4th Dec 1868'.
Daniell cell used by Edward Davy, 1836-1839
Daniell cell used and possibly made by Edward Davy, England, 1836-1839. Found in a field in Somerset by J J Fahie, an historian of the electric telegraph, in 1883.
'Wagon' Boiler, 19th Century
1801-1840 (original); 1901 (model)
model, scale 1:12, of a 20 hp wagon boiler, 1801-1840.
The Ready Reckoner' book of tables, c 1826.
Book titled, 'THE READY RECKONER or Trader's Sure Guide, New & Improved Edition' by William Leybourne containing tables for calculating both wholesale and retail, c.1826.
Binocular stereoscopic camera
Binocular stereoscopic camera no. 12, made by John Benjamin Dancer, Manchester, c.1856 and probably owned by Joseph Sidebotham in the 1860s. Rear plate holder removeable. Focussed by turning milled nut on top. Fitted with a focal plate shutter as well as a front of lens shutter. Missing spirit level, brass plunger for changing plates and changing box.
Thomson's Mirror Galvanometer, 1858
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's mirror galvanometer (land type) used at Valentia Island end of the original Atlantic cable, made by White and Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
Cooke and Wheatstone’s double-needle telegraph, 1838
Cooke's and Wheatsone's two-needle telegraph, unknown maker, British, 1838.
Printing telegraph receiver, 1845-1851
Printing telegraph receiver, probably made by John Watkins Brett, London, England, 1845-1851. Used to transmit the first telegraphic message under the sea in 1851, from Dover to Cap Gris Nez by John Watkins Brett (1805-1863)
Charriere-type double spine saw
Anatomy & Pathology
Charriere's spine saw, double, steel and ebony, by Charriere of Paris, 1820-1860
Nimbus, or rain cloud
[Cloud modifications] / E Kenyon [Kennion] with Luke Howard. - n.d. [March 1849]. - one of 4 drawings: pen, watercolour, with white; 28x19cm or smaller; [Plate 5] Nimbus, or rain cloud. - Original studies of clouds "from nature" by Luke Howard, with landscapes by "Mr Kenyon". These were lithographed by EM Williams and printed by M&N Hanhart as illustrations for the 3rd edition of Howard's Essay on the Modifications of Clouds, 1865. The explanations of plates prefacing this edition are by "LH, March 1849" who gave "a number of sketches" to Kenyon. Clouds and landscapes of drawings 1 and 3 are closely related to engravings in Rees' Cyclopedia, dated (Science Museum copy) 1810 and 1820, after work by "E. Kennion" or E. Kennyon" ie, Edward Kennion (1744-1809). It is not known whether these watercolours were executed by 1809, by Edward Kennion using cloud sketches made by Luke Howard (1772-1864) during his most active time of cloud sketching and observation; or, whether Howard refers to Kennion's son Charles John (1789-1853), also an accomplished landscape artist, who may have worked with these sketches in 1849 or 180-. The watercolours are not dated, and more than one finished study may have been made by Howard from his sketchbooks, at any time 180- to 1849. nos. 1 and 4 together in frame 51x37.5x2.5cm.
Portrait of Ada, Countess of Lovelace
Alfred Edward Chalon
Watercolour, Ada Lovelace, possibly by A E Chalon (1780-1860), [c1840]. 25 x 18.3 cm. Portrait, TQL to L. looking front, in evening dress with mantilla, holding fan
Cast iron Columbian printing press
Printing & Writing
Columbian hand printing press; cast iron with eagles and serpents moulded into casting. Lever operated, and painted black.
Marble statue of George Stephenson, 1852
Fixtures & Fittings from Railway Buildings
Marble statue, George Stephenson, on plinth (weight approx 6 tons). Dimension: 15' high (180" high x 36" square), from the Great Hall of Euston Station
Set of sixty miniature heads used in phrenology
Psychology, Psychiatry & Anthropometry
Wooden case containing set of 60 small phrenological heads, by William Bally, Manchester or Dublin, 1831
Cooke and Wheatstone's four needle telegraph, 1838
Cooke and Wheatstone's four needle telegraph, unknown maker, England, 1838.
Thames Tunnel opening commemorative medal, 1843
Coins, Medals & Tokens
Medal to commemorate the opening of the Thames Tunnel, 1843. Silver; [sight] [40mm] diameter, [3mm] thickness. obverse: relief of the Wapping Entrance with twin tunnels and grand staircase; legend, Thames Tunnel Began 1824 Opened 1843 Cost £446000. reverse: portrait head, relief profile to L, of and legend, Sir Isambart [sic] Marc Brunel, F.R.S. &c. Designer name at base of relief: J. Taylor
Part of electrostatic telegraph, 1816
Part of electrostatic telegraph, made by Sir Francis Ronalds, London, England, 1816
Reginald Southey with Skeletons
An albumen photograph of Reginald Southey (1855-1899), a medical student at Oxford, posed with the skeletons of a human and a monkey, taken by Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) in June 1857.
Caricature showing 'The State Doctor' during a cholera epidemic, Europe, c. 1854
Print. lithograph, some col, caricaturing precautions in a cholera epidemic [c1840-1865]. 2. 'The State Doctor' (wearing expensive frock coat amid drugs and large pestles), image 9.5x6cm edged to 11.5x8cm. Framed together with /1, /3, 52x21x2cm
Whitworth Pillar Drilling Machine
Hand and Machine Tools
Pillar drill, made by Joseph Whitworth & Co., Manchester, c. 1860.
Voigtlander daguerreotype camera
Daguerreotype camera made by Voigtlander & Sohn, Wien. All metal camera for circular daguerreotype plates 95mm in diameter. Petzval lens c.f/3.8; conical focusing screen holder; darkroom loaded; camera rests on telescopic stand with three levelling screws. Plate holder and lens hood possibly reproductions. No 81.
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
Straight half-moon spectacles
Straight, half eye spectacles, steel wire, supplied by Carpenter and Westley, London, English, 1810-1860
Cooke and Wheatstone's double needle telegraph, 1844
Cooke and Wheatstone's double needle telegraph, invented by Sir William Fothergill Cooke and Sir Charles Wheatstone, and made by William Reid, London, England, 1844. This is the instrument used to send the message which identified John Tawell as a murder suspect on 1 January 1845. It was located at Slough station, Great Western Railway.
Five wooden molecular model balls
Scientific Instruments & Research
Molecular model formed of five wooden balls, made by Peter Ewart of Manchester, c.1810, and used by John Dalton for demonstrating his atomic theory, c, 1810-1842.
1827 - 1912
1827-1912, surgeon; physician; developer of a system of antiseptic surgery, English; British
Caricature showing a publican's dilemma during a cholera epidemic, Europe, c. 1854
Print. lithograph, some col, caricaturing precautions in a cholera epidemic [c1840-1865]. 1. 'Fearing the spread of the cholera' (gin drinkers beware, publican's dilemma), image 10x7cm edged to 12x9cm. Framed with /2 and /3, 52x21x2cm
William Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, 1850-1900
William Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, made by Siemens and Halske, Berlin, Germany, 1850-1900.
Model, of Woolf's Water Tube Boiler, 1819
model of Woolf's water tube boiler after A. M. Heron de la Villefosse, De la Richesse Minerale, 1819, scale 1:8, patented 1803. Type built by J & E Hall of Dartford, Kent.
Henley needle galvanometer, 1855-1860
Henley needle galvanometer used in receiving the first telegraphic message transmitted across the Atlantic Ocean, made by W T Henley, British, around 1858.
model steam, crewe type locomotive
Model steam locomotive, 1/16 scale, Grand Junction Railway `Crewe Goods' 2-4-0, prototype built 1846.
Slotting machine, made by Sharp Roberts and Co.
Hand and Machine Tools
Slotting machine, made by Sharp Roberts and Co., Manchester, 1835. Constructed from cast iron on sort of arched frame design. Table with cross and front to back movements placed in middle with slotting arm above it. Three stepped pulley and hand wheel on drive cross shaft to gears on left with a secondary shaft working the slotting arm. Operating arms are missing from the cam to the rachet levers.
Sample of Bessemer steel
Sample of Bessemer steel, one slice cut from the muzzle of a gun section, 2.5" x 1.375", and bent cold under the steam hammer, 1860
Phrenological head, microcephalic
Psychology, Psychiatry & Anthropometry
Plaster cast phrenological bust, a copy of the head of Victoire, a 24 year old microcephalic, possibly French
Wheatstone's portable ABC telegraph, 1858
Wheatstone ABC telegraph set, made by the General Post Office, England, 1858
Type used for original morse telegraph, 1835
Type used for original morse telegraph, unknown maker, United States, 1835
Chart of the Atlantic showing proposed couRse of the Atlantic Cable, 1856-1857
Framed and glazed chart of the Atlantic Ocean showing the proposed course of the Atlantic Cable, plus section marked 1857 showing the depth of the ocean bed at points along the course, made by the Atlantic Telegraph Company, London, England, 1856-1857.
Album of cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns
Album of cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns, made and assembled by Anna Atkins and Anne Dixon for presentation to `CSA' (unknown), 1853
Mirror galvanometer for the transatlantic telegraph, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
Mirror galvanometer invented by Lord Kelvin and used at the Newfoundland end of the 1858 transatlantic cable, made by James White, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
4-wheeled hand crane
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Railway crane, Great Northern Railway, 4-wheeled hand crane, No 112, (LNER 942052), 1850.
'The British Nave' at the Great Exhibition of 1851
Print. Chromolithograph, 'The British Nave', Plate 3 (Proof) of a set of four large prints commemorating the Opening of the Great Exhibition of 1851, [after paintings by Joseph Nash]. Printed and published by Dickinson Brothers, New Bond Street. . Image 54.5x75cm on card 71x88cm. Signed Joseph Nash in ink on lower left edge of image. View of the Western or British Nave looking East, with long panorama of structure and layout of main avenue. In centre above horse's head is dioptric revolving lighthouse reflector mechanism by Chance Brothers & Co; then Seeley fountain; large Ross telescope; Coalbrookdale Dome. Large case on foreground left with model of Liverpool docks, beside cotton and beneath Philosophical and electric displays. Banners hang from balconies with arms of cities of Britain: York is nearest on right. Queen Victoria with Prince Albert and family are being escorted through on tour; guests and visitors stand watching and waiting. In frame, 84x100x2cm
Model steam locomotive, approx. 1/10 scale, live steam for table-top operation, 2-2-2 inside-cylinder type, brass, named `Eclipse', built by John Turner, Hyde, 1841
Scale drawing of Nottingham Water Works Engine House, England, 1851-1860
[Engineering drawing] Nottingham Water Works. No. 12. Longitudinal Section of Engine House; Transverse Section of Boiler House / [T. Hawksley & Co. Line drawing with colour wash. Scale 1/4" : 1'. This item is on SM transparency BUI/C000013]
cylinder electrical machine, 1810-1817
Cylinder electrical machine made by George John Singer, electrical researcher and lecturer at 3 Princes Street, Cavendish Square, London, England, 1810-1817. Used by Sir Francis Ronalds (1788–1873), inventor and meteorologist at the Kew Observatory after 1843.
gutta percha snuff box, 1820-1860
Snuff box, English or French, 1820-1860. Circular, flattish, detachable lid, concave edge to box, gutta-percha, tortoiseshell lined, engine turned lid.