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Daguerreotype of the Moon in leather case
Daguerreotype of the Moon in leather case; (size 4 1/2" x 3 1/4"). M.F.H. Cat. No. 37. A daguerreotype of the moon taken in 1851 by John Adams Whipple (1822-1891) and George Phillips Bond (1825-1865). Whipple, working with Bond, the director of Harvard College Observatory, endeavoured (and eventually succeeded) in creating lunar daguerreotypes of a quality never seen before. Following several failed attempts, this successful photograph probably occurred after a slight adjustment the men made to the focus and resolution of the Harvard telescope. One of Whipple and Bond's lunar daguerreotypes was shown at the Great Exhibition of 1851 where it won a medal.
Letter, Isambard Kingdom Brunel to G.H. Wollaston, 13 February 1834
[Letter] 1834 Feb 13, 53 Parliament St. [to] G. H. Wollaston Esq. / I. K. Brunel. [Re the set of coloured plans of parts of the Great Western Railway (inv. 1948-43). 2p. on 1 leaf]
Dispensing pot for Holloway's ointment, England, 1839-1867
Creamware ointment pot, with inscribed lid, supplied by Holloway, English, 1842 to 1867.
Rigged model of the PS 'Scotia'
Builder's, whole, rigged model, scale 1:48 of the PS 'Scotia' (1861), the last Cunard, transatlantic paddle steamer, by Robert Napier and Sons, Govan, Glasgow, Scotland, 1861
‘Autoperipatetikos’ walking doll
‘Autoperipatetikos’ walking doll, by Martin & Runyon, USA, c1862
Cayley's 'Aerial Carriage', 1843.
Reproduction of Cayley's Proposed "Aerial Carriage", 1843
Pocket terrestrial and celestial globe
Pocket Terrestial Globe, 3" diameter, by John Bleuler, 1824, in fish-skin case, the inside of which constitutes a celestial globe, inscribed "BLUELER, 27, Ludgate Street, London, 1824".
Piece of the original ingot of R.F. Mushet's self-hardening steel,1868
Piece of the original ingot of R.F. Mushet's self-hardening steel
Power loom weaving
Drawing. Power loom weaving [Swainson, Birley & Co cotton mill] / Thomas Allom, nd. [c1834]. pencil, pen, sepia and wash, 12x19cm. Original of a plate from Baines' History of cotton manufacture 1836. Huge machine room; overseer, women working
Model of McCormick's Reaper, 1831
Model (scale 1:6) of the original reaping machine built in 1831 by Cyrus H. McCormick.
Figure of Alexander Humboldt
Figure of Friedrich Heinrich Alexander Baron Humboldt (1769-1859) by C. Wolgast 1851. Bronze, 50cm high
Harvey demonstrating to King Charles I his theory of the circulation of the blood, print, London, England, 1851
Mezzotint, William Harvey demonstrating to King Charles I his theory of the circulation of the blood, by H Lemon after R Hannah, issued Lloyd Bros 25 March 1851
Railway-inspired mug, fictional locomotive 'Jaco', c. 1831
Liverpool & Manchester Railway
Railway-inspired transfer-printed and hand-coloured mug mug, showing a fictional locomotive named 'Jaco'.
Lock stitch sewing machine made by W. F. Thomas, 1853
Lock stitch sewing machine made by William Frederick Thomas, Holborn, London, England, 1853.
Transverse folding spectacles, silver, hallmarked
Transverse folding spectacles, silver, hallmarked London 1821-1829, by Thomas Phelps, English, 1821-1829
Stephenson's Safety Lamp, 1839-1857
Mining & Ore Dressing
Safety lamp, Stephenson, by George Knight & Son, London, marking: makers name, 1839-1857.
Lenoir's gas engine, 1860
Heat Engines (non steam)
Two-stroke double-acting single cylinder gas engine, patented by Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir, France, 1860, and made by Reading Iron Works Limited, Reading, Berkshire, England, 1865. The first internal-combustion engine to be offered for sale, in 1860, Lenoir's engine was an ancestor of the engines in all road vehicles. The engine worked very like a simple double-acting steam-engine. At each stroke gas and air were drawn into the cylinder and fired by an electric spark; on the return stroke the burnt gases were flushed out. Several hundred of these engines were sold, and this one is a very rare survivor. It had been used to drive machinery in the workshop of the Patent Museum for about three years.
Phantasmagoria magic lantern
Phantasmagoria magic lantern c. 1820, in case, with 14 short lantern slides, 2 long slides and 7 slides in box. (see note on page 3)
Punched cards for Babbage's Analytical Engine
Computing & Data Processing
Experimental models and moulds from Charles Babbage's work on calculating machines
Ball and stick atomic model set
Atomic model construction kit ("glyptic" type) consisting of a wood box containing variously coloured balls (53) and two types of connectors; (a) U-shaped gilded metal, (b) metal pegs and rubber tubes
Electric motor used by James J
Scientific Instruments & Research
Electric motor used by James Joule, c.1860. Armature original but the rest may be replica. This simple electric motor was used by the scientist James Joule for experiments about energy. Joule was a Salford resident and the son of a brewer. He was taught by the famous scientist John Dalton. Joule's experiments in 1845 led him to an new understanding of energy conversion. Research by Joule showed that electricity, mechanical work and heat are all the same thing - forms of energy. He used equipment like this to learn that formd of energy are interchangeable and that energy cannot be created or destroyed. Joule is remembered as one of the founders of modern physics. From 1948 the Joule became a standard international unit of energy measurement.
Whitworth Gear Cutting Machine
Hand and Machine Tools
Gear-cutting machine, made by Joseph Whitworth & Co., of Manchester, c. 1854.
String of silkworm cocoons, used by Louis Pasteur, 1865-1870
String of silkworm cocoons, used by Pasteur in his investigation into the diseases of silkworms, during 1860-1869
Tongue depressor, Europe, 1831-1870
Tongue depressor, steel and ebonite, mid-19th century
Experimental steel alloys made by Michael Faraday (1820-1824)
Experimental steel alloys made by Michael Faraday (1820-1824)
Phenakistoscope Disc of Woman and Girl Dancing
'The Phenakistiscope (sic) or Living Picture'. Published by W Soffe, Strand. One of eight hand coloured lithographic designs on 174mm diameter cards; woman and girl dancing.
'Map of the London and Birmingham Railway and adjacent country', c 1840
Railway Maps & Plans
Printed and hand coloured map 'Map of the London and Birmingham Railway and adjacent country' Reduced from Cheffins' Official Map / Charles Frederick Cheffins. c 1840. 1 sheet, engraving with wash, scale 1" : 4m. Published by Wrightson & Webb, Birmingham. Originally accompanying handbook to the railway (inv. 1900-206/1) now in Library stock.
Treadle operated ornamental lathe
Hand and Machine Tools
Richard Roberts treadle operated ornamental lathe with various accessories.
Natural Philosophy Diagram. Illustration of Natural Philosop
Emslie, John (engraver); Reynolds, James (publisher)
Natural Philosophy Diagram. Illustration of Natural Philosophy. Properties of Bodies. Published by James Reynolds, 174 Strand. Drawn and engraved by John Emslie. 10 Dec 1850. Popular diagram No. 25
Model of the "Planet" Locomotive
1830 (original); 1967 (model)
Model steam locomotive, scale 1:8, Stephenson's locomotive "Planet", 1830, made by the Science Museum in 1967.
William Thomas Green Morton
1819 - 1868
1819-1868, dentist who used anaesthetic; physician, American
Model of Norris 4-2-0 locomotive 'Austria'
model, scale 1:6, of Norris 4-2-0 locomotive "Austria", 1843, with tender.
Iodine treatment apparatus for tuberculosis, France,1830-1870
Iodometre Chartroule iodine treatment apparatus for TB (tuberculosis), in case, French, 1830-1870
Machine for reproducing sculpture
Hand and Machine Tools
Machine for reproducing sculpture, by Benjamin Cheverton, 1826
Standard weights and measures
Weighing & Measuring
21 Standard brass weights and measures by De Grave, 1851.
Phenakistoscope Disc of Man With Racket and Ball
'The Phenakistiscope (sic) or Living Picture'. Published by W Soffe, Strand. One of eight hand coloured lithographic designs on 182mm diameter cards; man with racket and ball.
Plaster death mask of Alexander Humboldt
Plaster death mask of Friedrich Heinrich Alexander Baron Humboldt (1769-1859)
Travelling on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, 1831
print. coloured. "Travelling on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, 1831". (Reduced copy of the four Ackermann long prints of 1831. Printed in Leipzig 1894). Unmounted. Overall size 12 5/8"x10"
Whole contemporary model of 'I. Ferencz Jozef' paddle steamer
Whole contemporary model, scale 1:48, of the 'I. Ferencz Jozef' paddle steamer, for passenger service on the river Danube, unsigned, on an in-laid wooden base, held by a series of ivory figures, built under the direction of Samuel Pretious, Budapest, Hungary, 1846
Portrait bust of Samuel Hahnemann
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Bronze bust of Hahnemann on marble(?) plinth, by Ottin from J.P. David, France, 1835
Massey's patent, frictionless ocean depth sounder
Massey's patent frictionless sounder, c.1836. Used to determine the depth of water below a ship.
Islamic astrolabe, 1849
Islamic Indo-Persian astrolabe in brass, 155 mm in diameter and 1.3cm thick. Persian inscription around edge of ... reading "this tripartite astrolabe, with the sine quadrant and beneath it the limb, was designed as a gift for the honourable treasurer, Sir Henry Elliot, Sahib, K.C.B. Chief secretary of his Lordship, the Govenor-general, exalted deputy (may his good fortune continue) in Kapurthala, through the work of Balhumal, the astronomer from Lahore, the confident of his Lordship Ahluwaliya, completed Christian year 1849" decorative rete (ankabut) with leaves to represent 12 stars plates engraved with equal and unequal hours for latitudes 17[o] and 20[o], 23[o] and 26[o], 29 and 32[o], 35[o] and 38[o], 41[o] and 44[o] and 47[o] and 50[o] plus a seventh plate engraved on both sides as a tablet of horizons, pierced suspension (Kursi) to which is attached crimson cord (ilaqa) of 18 cm length
London & North Western Railway steam locomotive 'Pet' 0-4-0ST
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Steam locomotive, ‘Pet’, 0-4-0ST, 18" gauge works locomotive, London & North Western Railway, built at Crewe Railway Works in 1865, withdrawn in 1929.
Original pilot Bessemer converter, 1865.
Original pilot Bessemer converter from which the first cast of steel was poured at the works of the Barrow Haematite Steel Company Ltd., Barrow-in-Furness, in May 1865
Harrington's clockwork dental drill, the "Erado",
Harrington's clockwork dental drill, the "Erado", in fitted case, no.124, 1864-1870
Travelling smoking set, Europe, 1815-1820
Smoking set for travelling, comprising one meerschaum pipe bowl, three stem sections, seven mouthpieces, one tinder pouch with steel attached, one ivory tamper in the form of a finger, one long slender bristle brush for cleaning the pipe, in veneered wooden travelling box, pipe Austrian(?), pipe mouth English silver, key missing from box, European, 1815-1820