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Isambard Kingdom Brunel, English civil engineer, mid-19th century.
Plaster bust of Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Whitworth standard wire gauge
1869 to 1897
Whitworth standard gauges for checking and adjusting wire gauges, based on the Whitworth proposed standard wire gauge; range 0.1-0.01 inches. The gauge is the flat part of the round bar: the gauge measurement being the distance across the flat surfaces. The use or standardisation of the decimal system was proposed by Whitworth when he was president of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers 1856 to 1857: 'Paper on a standard decimal measure of length'. Following the standard procedure and logic at that time each gauge size serves to establish that wire size standard. The concept of tolerance or specification by limits of acceptability had not at that time been established. These decimal gauges were never accepted as a national standard. The number of his wire gauge corresponds with sizes in thousandths of an inch from 1 to 500 with logical increases in increment of 0.001 (for small sizes) to 0.025 for the larger end of the range.
letter written by William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), 1858
Letter written by William Thomson (later Lord Kelvin) relating to the machinery for laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable, Glasgow, Scotland, 2nd March 1858
Model demonstrating different types of eye sight, Europe, 1880-1900
Eye defect teaching model, on wood stand, probably English, 1801-1900.
'Thunder pump' magneto-electric device, 1856
'Thunder pump' magneto-electric device, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, London, England, 1856
X-ray installation by Russell John Reynolds, London, England, 1896-97. Consists of:- 13-inch spark coil mounted on glass pillars, with mercury dipper break (motor control) and commutator, all mounted on wooden stand; condenser mounted in mahogany case; three-legged wooden tube stand; chromic acid battery.
Powdered graphite microphone, 1878-1890
Microphone consisting of two small tubes filled with (apparently) powdered graphite, probably made by David Edward Hughes, England, 1878-1890
Experimental carbon pencil microphone, 1878-1890
Experimental microphone consisting of two carbon pencils having knife edges in contact, probably made by David Edward Hughes, England, 1878-1890
Engraving of Theory of pulleys (Theorie elementaire des Poulies)
Engraving, coloured. [Theory of pulleys] = Theorie elementaire des Poulies.. Noeuds employes dans la Marine et dans l'Industrie. Grave sur acier par Langevin; Impe par Fosset... Maison Basset..., Paris. [1850-1860?]. Book plate [two page spread] illustrating 50 assorted knots, 37 pulleys and 20 other assemblages, with key diagrams. Sheet 55x71.5cm. In frame 72.5x86x3cm
Platt Brothers Notice
Metal notice, Platt Brothers and Co. Ltd, Oldham, around 1889.
Lamp cover for Thompson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Lamp cover for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
'Sociable' horse drawn carriage
Open four-wheeled 'Sociable' horse drawn carriage, made by Joseph Cockshoot & Co., Manchester, c.1895.
Siemens and Halske's ABC telegraph
Siemens and Halske's ABC telegraph used in Russia, made by Siemens and Halske, probably Berlin, Gernany, 1850-1897
paper tensile tester
Paper tensile tester made in Austria and supplied by J. J. Marshall and Co. Wooden body with dial in middle of one long side, reading 0-50 pounds. Patent Paper Testing Machine, J.J. Marshall & Co, London and Dartford, Made in Austria. Paper clamped with steel plates and thumb scres on top, one side adjustable in half inch lengths, handle at right endtensions right clamp. Brass end plates at both ends
Coherer, ebonite, with adjustable contacts, 1890-1896
Ebonite coherer with adjustable contacts, unknown maker, British, 1890-1896. Used in August 1896, in experiments carried out by Captain Henry Jackson
Device for recording warder patrols in a Lunatic Asylum
Psychology, Psychiatry & Anthropometry
Register, portable device for recording warder patrols at Sussex Lunatic Asylum, 1864-1897
Decorated pedestal water closets 'The New Humber'
One of two decorated pedestal water closets 'The New Humber' by McDowall, Steven and Co.Ltd., 4 Upper Thames Street, E.C., c.1880
Powdered graphite microphone, 1878-1890
Microphone consisting of small tube filled with (apparently) powdered graphite with means for adjusting contact pressure of the particles, probably made by David Edward Hughes, England, 1878-1890
Iron borings coherer (Branly type), 1894
Iron borings coherer (Branly type), probably made by Oliver Lodge, England, 1894. Mounted on wooden baseboard.
Whitehouse's induction coil, 1858
Induction coil, probably made by E W O Whitehouse, 1857. Previously believed to have been used for working the 1858 Atlantic cable. According to recent research by Allan Green (c. 2009), this coil is NOT one of the ones used by Whitehouse in working the Atlantic Cable of 1858 (see note)
Gold watch made for Queen Amelie of France by Henri Motel
Gold engine-turned case. White enamel dial signed ‘hri Motel hges de la Marine Rle No. 48’ with subsidiary seconds. Steel hands. Mahogany deck box with silver plate inscribed ‘Don de la Reine Amelie H H’. Cuvette engraved with equation-of-time table. Pivoted detent escapement. Four-arm compensation balance, conical balance spring without terminal curve. Jewelled to centre. Paris, c.1840
The Great Exhibition Polka 1851
Lithograph, colour: The Great Exhibition Polka 1851, for the pianoforte, composed and dedicated to HRH Prince Albert by Frank B Tussaud. Printed by Stannard & Dixon, issued by Duff & Hodgson, London . Sheet music cover with picture of Crystal Palace exterior and visitors. 34.5x24cm.
Portrait of the Reverand Henry Nelthropp MA, FSA (1820 – 1901)
Portrait of the Reverand Henry Nelthropp MA, FSA, by D. A. Werschmidt
Facsimile 1865 homemade telephone, 1888
Facsimile of the telephone made in 1865 by Mr S. M. Yeates (improved Reis telephone), also made by S M Yeates, Dublin, Ireland, 1888.
Arthington Tunnel memorial plaque, 1849
Memorial plaque, stone, to commemorate those killed during the construction of the Arthington (Bramhope) Tunnel, Leeds & Thirsk Railway, 1845-1849, erected by James Bray, Contractor, 1849, from Otley churchyard.
Great Western Railway locomotive headlamp
Locomotives and Rolling Stock Components
Locomotive headlamp, made by GWR , in commemoration of Queen Victoria's diamond jubilee, in 1897. The object is 31"x 9" and is finished on top with a crown.
Pill cutter, England, 1851-1900
Complete pill cutter in very good condition, made of mahogany and brass, English, second half of 19th century
Model of a channel pipe, London, England, 1896
Sewerage & Sanitation
One of two channel pipes, from twelve models for instruction in hygiene, unsigned, London, 1896
Wheatstone receiver (Morse inker), 1867
Wheatstone receiver (Morse inker), unknown maker, probably British, 1867
Experimental carbon block microphone, 1878-1890
Experimental microphone having two carbon blocks contained in a glass tube and pressed together by a spring, probably made by David Edward Hughes, England, 1878-1890
Compound monocular microscope
Compound monocular microscope, signed by Tolles of the Boston Optical Works, American, circa 1870, bought by Crisp from C. Stodder
Dog ornament moulded from gutta percha, 1850-1900
Plastics and Modern Materials
Dog ornament (spaniel) moulded from gutta-percha, made by the Gutta Percha Company, Islington, London, England, 1850-1900
Walnut and brass model of the "Great Paris Telescope"
Walnut and brass scale model (1:50 approx) of the 'Great Paris Telescope' exhibited at the 1900 Paris Exposition, a stationary 1.25 metre refracting telescope (57 metres long) with a 2 metre mirror siderostat.
Jones 50-line switchboard, 1879.
50-line manual telephone switchboard, made by Jones Brothers, Cincinatti, USA, 1879
Sample of 1851 Dover-Calais telegraph cable, 1851
Specimen of Crampton's Dover and Calais telegraph cable, laid in 1851 and remained in use until 1875, made by R S Newall and Company, Millwall, London, England, 1851
Whitworth Pillar Drilling Machine
Hand and Machine Tools
Pillar drill, made by Joseph Whitworth & Co., Manchester, c. 1860.
Flat steel-spring (or watch-spring) coherer, 1894
Flat steel-spring (or watch-spring) coherer, unknown maker, England, 1894. Used by Oliver Lodge in his lecture before the Royal Institution on 1 June 1894 on ‘The work of Hertz and his successors’
Plaque for cot, Great Ormond Street Hospital
Nursing & Hospital Furnishings
Cot plaque from Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, The Girl's Realm Cot 1900-1904, London, England, 1900; plaque commemorates the sponsorship of the cot by the magazine 'The Girl's Realm'
wooden base for submarine cable laid across the River Medina, 1878
Wooden base for submarine telegraph cable laid across the River Medina, Isle of Wight, 1878, recovered 1977. Believed used in A.G. Bell's telephone experiment between Cowes and Osborne House.
Wine glass used by Joseph Lister as a culture glass
Wine glass used by Lister as a culture glass, with glass display dome or dust cover (with fake plaster)
Experimental microphone using steel needles and gas carbon, 1878-1890
One experimental microphone consisting of steel needles suspended in contact with blocks of gas carbon, probably made by David Edward Hughes, England, 1878-1890
Crookes' spiral periodic system
Periodic table model, in spiral form, made by Sir William Crookes, representing the order of evolution of the elements, 1888.
A T & T national telephone directory, October 1896
A T & T national telephone directory, published by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, United States, October 1896.
Commemorative spade used to turn the first sod of
Commemorative spade used to turn the first sod of the River Lee Conservancy's new cutting through Horse Shoe Point, Clapton, on 12 July 1878
Ceramic pot lid for Beddard's Belgravia tooth paste
Ceramic pot lid for Beddard's Belgravia tooth paste, supplied by John Beddard, London, 1860-1900
Three boxes of 'Manchester' rapid dry gelatine plates made by J. T. Chapman Ltd of Manchester in around 1888.
Set of 8 brass handled, inspector's Imperial standard testing weights
Weighing & Measuring
Set of 8 brass handled, inspector's Imperial standard testing weights (7lb to 1oz & 4 to 1 dr) by W & T Avery Limited, Birmingham, dated 1890 in wooden carrying case. Used by the London County Council and later the London Borough of Southwark.