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Model of a Power loom for plain weaving
Model, scale 1:3, of a power loom for simple plain weaving made by Messrs. Sevill and Woolstenhulme, Oldham, Manchester, England, 1857. This loom gives the most elementary kind of weaving in which weft crosses over and under the warps alternately and was the type used extensively for calico weaving. There is an arrangement for stopping the loom automatically if the shuttle does not reach its box after each pick, and if the weft should break then a weft fork device which is normally balanced to rest on the unbroken thread falls and operates cut off machinery to stop the loom.
Builder's whole, rigged model, of SS 'Great Eastern', 1853-1857
Builder's whole, rigged model, scale 1:96, of SS 'Great Eastern' by John Scott Russell and Company, Millwall, London, England, 1853-1857
Bain's chemical telegraph, 1850.
Alexander Bain's chemical telegraph, unknown maker, England, 1850. Includes key not shown on photograph.
sample of the first transatlantic cable, 1857-1858
Sample of deep-sea portion of first transatlantic telegraph cable, manufactured by Glass, Elliot and Company, Greenwich, London, England, 1857-58. With outer wire armouring wound with a left-hand lay.
Thomson's Mirror Galvanometer, 1858
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's mirror galvanometer (land type) used at Valentia Island end of the original Atlantic cable, made by White and Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
Thomson's Mirror Marine Galvanometer, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
(Lord Kelvin) Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, made by White & Barr, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858
Principal varieties of mankind', 3 May 1850.
Geographical Diagram. The Principal Varieties of Mankind. Published by James Reynolds 174 Strand, London. 3 May 1850. Drawn and engraved by John Emslie.
'The British Nave' at the Great Exhibition of 1851
Print. Chromolithograph, 'The British Nave', Plate 3 (Proof) of a set of four large prints commemorating the Opening of the Great Exhibition of 1851, [after paintings by Joseph Nash]. Printed and published by Dickinson Brothers, New Bond Street. . Image 54.5x75cm on card 71x88cm. Signed Joseph Nash in ink on lower left edge of image. View of the Western or British Nave looking East, with long panorama of structure and layout of main avenue. In centre above horse's head is dioptric revolving lighthouse reflector mechanism by Chance Brothers & Co; then Seeley fountain; large Ross telescope; Coalbrookdale Dome. Large case on foreground left with model of Liverpool docks, beside cotton and beneath Philosophical and electric displays. Banners hang from balconies with arms of cities of Britain: York is nearest on right. Queen Victoria with Prince Albert and family are being escorted through on tour; guests and visitors stand watching and waiting. In frame, 84x100x2cm
Cast iron Columbian printing press
Printing & Writing
Columbian hand printing press; cast iron with eagles and serpents moulded into casting. Lever operated, and painted black.
Mirror galvanometer for the transatlantic telegraph, 1858
Electricity and Magnetism
Mirror galvanometer invented by Lord Kelvin and used at the Newfoundland end of the 1858 transatlantic cable, made by James White, Glasgow, Scotland, 1858.
Colour lithograph of the S.S. 'Great Eastern'
[Colour lithograph of the S.S. 'Great Eastern', designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel and John Scott Russell, launched 1858. 1850s. Longitudinal section. Scale 1/8" : 1'. Mounted, framed & glazed]
Fowke's Bellows camera
Camera with fittings etc, formerly the property of Captain Fowke Royal Engineers. Two ivory plaques: 'Capt Fowke's Camera, T. Ottewill & Co. London', 'Henry Cole Esq, In memory of Capt Fowke. R.E. 4th Dec 1868'.
Model paddle wheel engines of the SS 'Great Eastern'
Model paddle wheel engines of the "Great Eastern" steamship, 1858.
Bullion box containing lead shot
Miscellanea & Curiosities
Bullion Box, South Eastern Railway, box containing lead shot from Great Gold Robbery from London - Paris via Folkestone train on 15 May 1855.
sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable, 1857-1858
Sample of deep-sea section of first transatlantic cable mounted on wooden presentation block, made by Glass, Elliot and Company, Greenwich, London, England, 1857-1858.
Sample of submarine cable laid between Dover and Calais, 1850
Short length (including a joint) of the original Cross-Channel submarine telegraph cable laid on 28th August 1850 between Dover and Calais. Cable originally made by Gutta Percha Company, Islington, London, England, 1850.
Micrometer type mechanical comparator
Whitworth millionth measuring machine in a case for comparing components against standard inch bars; made in 1855.
Marble statue of George Stephenson, 1852
Fixtures & Fittings from Railway Buildings
Marble statue, George Stephenson, on plinth (weight approx 6 tons). Dimension: 15' high (180" high x 36" square), from the Great Hall of Euston Station
Clark's block signalling telegraph instrument, 1854
Signalling & Telecommunications
Clark's block signalling telegraph instrument, invented by Edwin Clark, probably made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company for the Electric Telegraph Company, London, England, 1854. This type of instrument was used of the London and North Western Railway Line between London and Rugby from 1855
Binocular stereoscopic camera
Binocular stereoscopic camera no. 12, made by John Benjamin Dancer, Manchester, c.1856 and probably owned by Joseph Sidebotham in the 1860s. Rear plate holder removeable. Focussed by turning milled nut on top. Fitted with a focal plate shutter as well as a front of lens shutter. Missing spirit level, brass plunger for changing plates and changing box.
Architect's model of S&J Watts' warehouse
Architecht's model of S & J Watts' warehouse, made around 1850.
Chart of the Atlantic showing proposed couRse of the Atlantic Cable, 1856-1857
Framed and glazed chart of the Atlantic Ocean showing the proposed course of the Atlantic Cable, plus section marked 1857 showing the depth of the ocean bed at points along the course, made by the Atlantic Telegraph Company, London, England, 1856-1857.
Magneto-electrometer, made by E. O. W. Whitehouse, England, 1857
Copy of clay liver used for divination, original from Babylon, 2050-1750 BCE
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Babylonian clay liver used for divination, c.2050-1750 BC, copy, 1981
Album of cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns
Album of cyanotypes of British and Foreign Ferns, made and assembled by Anna Atkins and Anne Dixon for presentation to `CSA' (unknown), 1853
4-wheeled hand crane
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
Railway crane, Great Northern Railway, 4-wheeled hand crane, No 112, (LNER 942052), 1850.
Royal footwarmer, Great Western Railway
Footwarmer, brass, Great Western Railway, footwarmer from Royal Saloon 1856-1901 as inscribed.
Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Bright's bell telegraph, 1855
Bright's bell telegraph, unknown maker, England, 1855
Railway bridge section, portion of rivetted girder from Britannia Bridge
Railway bridge section, portion of rivetted girder from Britannia Bridge, Menai Straits, with painted inscription LAST RIVET / MARCH 5 1850 / R.STEPHENSON.
Caricature showing 'The State Doctor' during a cholera epidemic, Europe, c. 1854
Print. lithograph, some col, caricaturing precautions in a cholera epidemic [c1840-1865]. 2. 'The State Doctor' (wearing expensive frock coat amid drugs and large pestles), image 9.5x6cm edged to 11.5x8cm. Framed together with /1, /3, 52x21x2cm
Scale drawing of Nottingham Water Works Engine House, England, 1851-1860
[Engineering drawing] Nottingham Water Works. No. 12. Longitudinal Section of Engine House; Transverse Section of Boiler House / [T. Hawksley & Co. Line drawing with colour wash. Scale 1/4" : 1'. This item is on SM transparency BUI/C000013]
Wax portrait of Benjamin Lewis Vulliamy (1780 – 1854)
Wax portrait of Benjamin Lewis Vulliamy (1780-1854) by Richard Cockle Lucas 1851
letter written by William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), 1858
Letter written by William Thomson (later Lord Kelvin) relating to the machinery for laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable, Glasgow, Scotland, 2nd March 1858
'Thunder pump' magneto-electric device, 1856
'Thunder pump' magneto-electric device, made by W T Henley's Telegraph Works Company Limited, London, England, 1856
Lamp cover for Thompson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Lamp cover for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Whitehouse's induction coil, 1858
Induction coil, probably made by E W O Whitehouse, 1857. Previously believed to have been used for working the 1858 Atlantic cable. According to recent research by Allan Green (c. 2009), this coil is NOT one of the ones used by Whitehouse in working the Atlantic Cable of 1858 (see note)
The Great Exhibition Polka 1851
Lithograph, colour: The Great Exhibition Polka 1851, for the pianoforte, composed and dedicated to HRH Prince Albert by Frank B Tussaud. Printed by Stannard & Dixon, issued by Duff & Hodgson, London . Sheet music cover with picture of Crystal Palace exterior and visitors. 34.5x24cm.
Sample of 1851 Dover-Calais telegraph cable, 1851
Specimen of Crampton's Dover and Calais telegraph cable, laid in 1851 and remained in use until 1875, made by R S Newall and Company, Millwall, London, England, 1851
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
Portion of the first submarine cable between Dover and Calais, 1850
Portion of the first submarine cable laid between Dover and Calais, made by the Gutta Percha Company, Islington, London, England, 1850.
Specimen of Dover-Calais telegraph cable, 1851
Specimen of Dover to Calais telegraph cable showing corrosion, made by R S Newall and Company, Millwall, London, England, 1851
William Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, 1850-1900
William Thomson's marine mirror galvanometer, made by Siemens and Halske, Berlin, Germany, 1850-1900.
scale with metal stand for Thompson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Scale on stand, for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Elliott Brothers, Strand, London, England, 1858
Specimen of telegraph cable laid in Birmingham in 1856
Specimen of early telegraph cables laid in Birmingham in 1856, unearthed in 1898, unknown maker, British, 1856. 12 gutta-percha covered copper wires, each wire being around 1.67mm in diameter, making it most likely a No. 16 gauge wire of the period. The gutta-percha covering makes each wire 5.6mm in diameter
Portable double-needle telegraph and test set, 1850
Portable double-needle telegraph and test set, with removable wooden cover, unknown maker, possibly British, 1850
Tobacco box - made from a piece of roman lead pipe
Miscellanea & Curiosities
Tobacco box, made from a piece of lead pipe found in Roman remains in Old Broad Street, North London Railway. Presented to H. Jones by his friend Jn Johnson in October 1854. Brass inscription on lid.
Oil lamp base for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, 1858
Oil lamp base for Thomson mirror speaking galvanometer, made by Dietz and Company, City of London, England, 1858
Lead weight marked 'Reid' from the first cross-Channel telegraph cable, 1850.
Lead weight, marked Reid, with which the original cross-Channel telegraph cable of 1850 was weighted, made by Reid Brothers, Islington, London, England, 1850